Yugoslavia and lead to the break out of many

Yugoslavia was a
country created after World War I as a homeland for different ethnic groups.
The country was put together from the collapsed Austria-Hungary. There were
Demands for self-government by Slovenes, Croats, Serbs, and others but they
were ignored. Because of that Yugoslavia became an uneasy association of people
conditioned by years of ethnic and religious hatred.

Yugoslavia was a former member of the
United Nations from its establishment in 1945 as the socialist federal republic
of Yugoslavia until 1992 during the Yugoslav war.

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Peacekeepers were brought into the
country to stop the conflict. Canada is thought to be one of the best
peacekeeping countries in the world. Canada has been one of the most important
contributors to the peacekeeping missions of the world, because of that many of
canadian peacekeepers were sent to Yugoslavia to prevent the conflict but the
peacekeeping mission failed and lead to the break out of many wars, deaths of
many people, and eventually to a civil war and fall of Yugoslavia.



The series of
wars began with the ten-day war. The Ten-Day War, also referred to as the
Slovenian War, was a small military conflict between Slovenia and Yugoslavia
that took place in 1991 after the Slovenia’s declaration of independence. When
Yugoslav president Josip Broz Tito died, underlying ethnic, religious, and
economic tensions within Yugoslavia were released to the public.1

The next war fought was the
Croatian war of independence. It was fought from 1991 to 1995, between the
Serbs in Croatia and the Croats that wanted to separate from Yugoslavia. Serb
rebels were backed by Serbia and the rest of Yugoslavia trying to prevent the
separation of Croatia from the rest of the country. Yugoslavia sent 70,000
troops to Croatia and the fighting was escalated. The war spent 4 years and
resulted in many deaths. 

During Croatian war of
independence, the Bosnian conflict broke out. Bosnian conflict lasted from 1992
to 1995. The government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared
its independence from Yugoslavia. Over the next few years, Bosnian Serb forces
with the backing of the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army, targeted Bosniak (Bosnian
Muslim) and Croatian civilians for crimes resulting in the worst act of
genocide since the Nazi regime’s destruction of 6 million European Jews during
World War II.2 During
that time Canadian troops travel to towns to prevent paramilitaries from
killing citizens and in this area in their attempt at ethnic cleansing.


Another war that had a major
effect on the situation was the conflict in Kosovo that started in 1998 and
lasted until 1999. It was fought between the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia
that at the time consisted of the Republics of Montenegro and Serbia, which
controlled Kosovo before the war, and the Kosovo Albanian group referred to as
the Kosovo Liberation Army or KLA, and with the support from NATO. NATO
launched an air attack throughout Yugoslavia. Hundreds of thousands of
civilians were forced to seek refuge from the fighting.3



All these wars lead to many
people getting killed. people were killed systematically because of their
ethnic background or religious beliefs. Moving towards the end of Bosnia’s
1992-95 war, Bosnian Serb forces swept into the eastern Srebrenica territory
and executed 8,000 Muslim men and boys, after which their bodies were dumped
into pits. It was the worst massacre in post-Second World War European history.4
Beforehand the UN declared the town one of the safe areas, to be “free
from any armed attack or any other hostile act”. 600 troops were supposed
to be protecting civilians who had taken refuge from earlier Serb offensives in
north-eastern Bosnia.

Another cause for the death
of so many people was the bombing of Yugoslavia by NATO and US. at that time
serbia had a flourishing economy  And even the possibility of a similar
trade and economic cooperation alliance of these countries. Both the EU and
NATO thought that it was unacceptable, both were looking to expand into, and claim,
ex Eastern Bloc countries. An excuse was necessary to launch an attack that
could destroy the Serbian economy and economic infrastructure in relative
safety. the Kosovo Crisis and a series of air attacks that didn’t target
military objectives, but only economic ones. Every bridge across the river
Danube in Serbia was destroyed by air attack,despite the fact the river was
nowhere near Kosovo and destruction of these bridges could serve no military
purpose or aid to any NATO ground operations in Kosovo. During that time 13,517
people were killed or went missing.5 The
bombing by NATO has been controversial, as it did not get the approval of the
UN Security Council and because it caused at least 488 Yugoslav civilian
deaths, including big numbers of Kosovar refugees.


After all these
events eventually and several others lead to a full-on civil war and the fall
of Yugoslavia. As the conflict occurred The UN responded by sending an
international peacekeeping force to the Balkan region. Canadians made up a substantial
portion of the mission forces. When NATO started bombing they were making it
seem like they were going it for the good, but it failed to bring any
protection and safety to the citizens of the region.  It only added danger and destruction. The UN involvement
seems to have brought more harm than good.6



In conclusion the
peacekeeping mission was not successful and has brought Canada’s reputation as
peacekeeping down. Many innocent citizens were killed, and their homes were
destroyed. Yugoslavia stopped being a country and fell apart into many other
countries that are now Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro,
Serbia and Slovenia. A lot of hatred was present at that time that the
peacekeepers were not able to stop or prevent. Although, if the UN did not get
involved, other countries might have tried to intervene prevent and the
conflict, then there would have been a possibility of war expanding into other
countries and the outcome could have been a lor worse than it is.