What does the natural law theory have to do with human dignity?
Human person is created in the image of God which means we are God’s children. Catholic teaching helps us to understand the human life and dignity. Belief in dignity of the human person is the foundation of morality. For example, the biblical vision of human person: The human person is made in the image and likeness of God. Also, human dignity is understand and preserved in community. However, political view of the human person, the person is an independent individual who has rights and responsibilities that are tied up with legal limits. Equality is a foundation of the political view. Saint Thomas Aquinas says, “Human person has a soul which endows human with the ability to know and love God freely, thereby having a privileged place in the order of creation”. Mankind did not build natural law but, the foundation of all laws are obtainable through human reason and it forms natural laws. The nature law is written on the heart of every person. There is nothing anyone can do to earn or take away human dignity since it is God given. We believe that every life is blessed and no life is born or unborn thrown away. Every person has natural dignity that must be honored. Everyone is born with dignity in the world. In our society, human life is attack from abortion and euthanasia. The value of human life is being threatened by embryonic stem cell research, and the use of the death penalty. The planned targeting of civilians in war or terrorist attacks is always wrong. Nations must protect the right to life by finding more effective ways to prevent conflicts and resolve them by peaceful means. Believe that every person is precious, that people are more important than things.
2) In the issue of the Rwanda genocide should the United states have intervened? Apply the Kantian deontological view and the utilitarian view to the situation.
The United States should have intervened in Rwanda to stop the genocide. We tend to treat decisions about wars as good decisions when they turn out well, and treat them as bad decisions when they don’t. The United States could have saved hundreds of thousands of lives while paying little effort. It was a great failure of the United States and the United Nations when they let the Rwandan Genocide continued. A deontological approach will be that state should go to war if the grave principle has been violated. For example, when a state takes over another state without cause, or when a massacre is taking place. Most deontological theories says we have common duties towards anyone. For example, do not lie, do not hurt others. We need to help people in needs. Also, there are duties we have because of certain personal or social relationships. If you made a promise, you have to keep them. Kant’s theory might demand that the UN should act to prevent genocide. Now the utilitarian view will say powerful nations can prevent huge numbers of deaths in genocides, but you have to be very carful. This includes how many lives as well as the number that might die in stopping the genocide. The lack of intervention from international community has led the Rwandan genocide to come out one of the top failure tragedy of humanitarian.
3) Consider whether we human begins have moral responsibilities towards ourselves and future generations. Provide brief Utilitarian and Deontological arguments for the moral responsibility we currently bear in carrying out the necessary changes to ensure sustained life for ourselves now and future generations. You may attempt an argument from either moral theory in defense of absolving humanity of any such responsibility. Focus on the theory and not so much on the facts. This should not be a retelling of the facts but, rather, an expression of your viewpoint with respect to the moral theory.
Yes, of course we have moral responsibilities towards the future generation. Our duties to the future generation will depend on what we do now. All human begins are the same and has basic rights. We should start saving resources and nature for the up coming generation. Stop doing anything that might harm future generations. Even though, we know that we should care for future generations but, we still disagree about what we should do. We have indirect responsibility to care for future generation because we care about our own children. Our children will be facing the problems if we do not take care of the environment now. We should manage the nuclear waste and the dispose them the right way. Utilitarianism main idea is that actions are morally right or wrong depends on their effects. The only effects of actions that are related are the good and bad results that they produce. Deontology just requires that people follow the rules and do their duty. This approach tends to fit well with our natural intuition about what is or isn’t ethical. One of the main issue is pollution which cause climate change and effect human health. However, cutting down trees is something that many humans do for their own benefit, without any concern for the animals which are dependent on trees for food and shelter. Using fossil fuels erratically, industrialization, pollution, all these are attributable to human activities. Just because we are in possession of all of these natural resources does not mean that we can use those resources in any manner in which we choose without keeping anything for the future generations. Oil and coal are bad for the environment, plants and animals. Oil and coal pollute the air, ground and water. While oil and coal companies continue to promote their products, and the best yet is clean coal, which isn’t possible. Most of the illness are extract from polluted oil and coal with oil spills, mining accidents, fires, and now climate change and global warming. We must preserve the environment for our children to have a better place to live than we now have to ensure the survival of our species. Human beings therefore have a moral obligation to preserve the environment for future generations. It is our duty to cultivate our natural sense of obligation in order to not act wastefully, this being for our own benefit.