Water that sounds like a lot of water, unfortunately

Water is essential to humanity. It sustains our cities, businesses, industries, and natural environment. According to scientific surveys, the Earth’s surface is relatively seventy-one percent water and twenty-nine percent land. As much as that sounds like a lot of water, unfortunately only a third of this can be economically available for human use.  Water scarcity is a concept that  describes the relationship between demand for water and its availability. The demand for water depends on different countries and different regions, for example the demand for water for some countries depends how much water they use. When populations become more rich due to economic development, their water demands rise. Environmental water demand has risen rapidly in recent decades and may continue. A country with a high industrial demand which depends on large scale irrigation will  be more likely to experience times of scarcity than a country with similar climatic conditions without such demands. According to research, several crucial global water issues will be faced in future decades. For example, continued population growth and rising water demand will result in increased water scarcity over time. 884 million of people worldwide do not have sufficient access to drinking-water and more than 2.6 million do not have access to simple sanitations. Each year about 2 million people die from the effects of unclean water, which most of them are children. Since the demand for will rise in the future, more water will be required to stay in-stream or underground. However, water supply is shrinking due to groundwater depletion. Water scarcity is sure to increase because of the rising demand and declining water supply. With worldwide population increasing at a rate of 1.13% or 80 million people every year,  nations need to take action to solve a problem which will only worsen.Water scarcity is becoming a bigger problem everyday and is affecting people worldwide, but with the proper solutions, it can be stopped. There are many reasons why water scarcity exists. Three of these reasons are water overuse worldwide, the agricultural industry and population growth. Water overuse is an issue that a lot of people are dealing with. According to the International Water Management Institute, in 2025, regions of the world will start to suffer from either economical or physical water scarcity. Some countries are already experiencing this water scarcity but a lot more are expected to within the next twelve years. Highly developed countries and big cities consume massive amounts of water daily due to their massive populations concentrated in one area. To those who have easy access to water think it’s available all the time and assume it is okay to use as much as they want. Everyday large amounts of water of wasted in simple activities, i.e showering for longer than necessary and leaving the tap open while brushing teeth or doing the dishes). When doing these activities, people don’t realize how much water they are wasting. Farming accounts for 70 percent of the water consumed and most of its wasteful use, said representatives of 130 nations at the World Water Forum discussing water management. Crops and livestock need water to grow. Agriculture requires large quantities of water for irrigation and of good quality for various production processes. While feeding the world and producing a diverse range of non-food crops such as cotton, rubber and industrial oils in an increasingly productive way, agriculture also confirmed its position as the biggest user of water on the globe. Example of how much water needed to produce 1 kilogram (kg) of cereal grain is approximately 1000 liters (L) of water, and 43,000 L to produce 1 kg of beef.  If the agricultural continue to use as much water as they do today, by 2050 the global agricultural sector will need to double the amount of water used to feed the world. With freshwater resources and demand for both quantity and a variety of uses, the need for water resources protection and management has never been greater. As population growth occurs, demand for water goes up. The increasing world population, improving living standards, changing consumption patterns, and expansion of irrigated agriculture are more examples of high demand for water. The total number of people living in a country determines the per capita availability of water resources in that country. These are only a few examples of why water scarcity exists, but there are many more. These reasons are greatly affecting water scarcity and it is important to find solutions in order to stop the situation from increasing.    What are the consequences of water scarcity? Examples are sanitation issues, hunger and is affects health. A safe, reliable, affordable, and easily accessible water supply is essential for good health, but for several decades almost 1 billion people in developing countries have lacked access to such a supply. The global health burden associated with these conditions is staggering, with an estimated 1.6 million deaths every year from diseases that are associated with lack of access to safe drinking water, inadequate sanitation and poor hygiene. A poor water supply impacts health by causing acute infectious diarrhoea, repeat or chronic diarrhoea episodes, and non diarrhoeal disease, which can arise from chemical species such as arsenic and fluoride. Everyday children are dying due to lack of clean water. It can also affect health by limiting productivity and the maintenance of personal hygiene. In addition to the direct health benefits of improved safe water supplies, there are many indirect benefits. For example, the strong relationship between water and livelihoods in all regions and economies of the world affects health indirectly. In developing countries, deficiencies in water supply, whether for productive or domestic uses, have direct negative impacts on livelihoods. In wealthier countries, past investment in water infrastructure and the ability to invest more in the present increase water security and prosperity. By 2050 the population is expected to increase by 2 billion, which, combined with shifting diets (mostly increased consumption of meat in developed countries), means that a minimum of 70 percent more food will be required.  How do we stop water scarcity? Examples are to save water (educate on saving water – closing taps, showers), limit population growth and start pricing water. By educating people to start saving water, it can result in maximizing the water scarcity situation. The most effective idea would be to educate children at young ages about why water is so important and why we need to save it. This type of education can come from the state or, where appropriate in some parts of the world, from religious leaders who have access to large numbers of people and can therefore play an important role in promoting social responsibility for water use. By educating people on the importance of water, they will be able to realize how big of a issue water scarcity is and they can start playing a role in saving water. In the future, there could be laws implied to maximize the population. By limiting population growth as much as possible, the  demand for water won’t go up as much.  As a result of the scarcity of water, some cities and water suppliers can take advantage of the situation by creating prices for water. A shortage, which implies that the market price is below equilibrium, is resolved through higher prices. The higher price would promote profit-maximizing suppliers to increase quantity supplied. The higher price would also discourage waste and encourage conservation, and that would reduce the quantity demanded. If market forces were able to resolve water scarcity, an equilibrium price and quantity would be reached.. The world’s population is projected to increase by 50 percent by 2050. With economic development and higher incomes around the world, per capita food consumption–and subsequently water consumption–will also rise. In particular, as more people in developing countries can afford diversified diets including meat and vegetables, agricultural water use will rise dramatically; it takes ten times more water. By using these solutions, water scarcity won’t be as much as a problem as it could in the future. Water scarcity is a growing issue that has serious effects on people worldwide that needs to be contained. Millions of people worldwide aren’t able to access fresh water, whether it’s water to drink or water for doing household duties. If water scarcity isn’t looked at as a serious problem, there could be a lot of consequences for future generations.  There are a lot of things that need to be considered when looking at water scarcity and how we can deal with it. If we start to look at this issue as a whole, and we work hard to make sure that we are able to make a difference when it comes to this widespread issue, we’re going to be in a much better place to help people all over the world in preventing this issue from getting worse.