Victoria MalaspinaMrs. Artuso English 9H24 January 2017 Hubris and Humility, the Epitomes of Deterioration and HumblenessAlmost every classic book ever written contains hubris and humility, the traits of extreme pride often leading to the characters downfall (hubris) and humbleness, an opposite of hubris (humility). These characters may be major or minor, but they are always present. In the fiction novel, To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway, hubris and humility are seen throughout the book, present Harry Morgan, Richard Gordon, Helen Gordon and Professor MacWalsey.Harry, the main character of the novel, has shown hubris all throughout the book, especially in the climax of the novel, before his death. Since the novel takes place in Key West during the Great Depression, Harry had to carry out dastardly actions to keep his family afloat – breaking many laws and hurting many people. With Harry, the greatest example of hubris comes in the climax of the novel where he attempts to kill the four Cubans who mistake him as their getaway driver and kill his friend. Harry successfully kills three of the men, but only wounds the fourth man, whereas a struggle ensues resulting in the final Cuban dead and Harry severely wounded and on the verge of dying. The example of hubris is seen directly after the climax of the novel, where Harry has to turn off the boat so an explosion does not take place. Harry, upset with himself, says “I’m a son-of-a-bitch”(Hemingway 173) and afraid that he is going to die he tells himself “I’m a gone son-of-a-bitch”(Hemingway 173).To Have and Have Not is structured so that it takes place over the course of seasons and the perspectives of a few different people, all connected to each other in one way or another. One of the people narrating was Richard Gordon, whose wife was having an affair with Professor MacWalsey. To be fair, he was also ironically having an affair at the same time his wife was having one. While in a bar, Richard spots MacWalsey and tries to pick a fight with him. Richard manages to get one punch in, but the bar bouncer, a friend of MacWalsey stops him, by hitting Richard very hard in the back of the head multiple times. After a few drinks, Richard is immensely drunk, and to his surprise, Professor MacWalsey makes an effort to help him get home safely. MacWalsey had a cab for Richard, who was lying unconscious in the back seat. After stopping the cab to get some cigarettes, MacWalsey sees Richard stumbling down the street and catches up with him. Richard tries to pick a fight with the professor, but gets nothing in return. MacWalsey tells Richard “I don’t fight”(Hemingway 221), showing humility because he has no pride and arrogance, and does not look to gain anything from beating up a drunk. Richard Gordon was upset with Professor MacWalsey, who had been having an affair with his wife. Since the events at the bar, Richard, clearly shaken up, tells the professor to “go to hell”(Hemingway 221) and walks off not interested in any efforts of aid, showing hubris as he does not want any help and that he thinks he can get home unharmed by himself. Richard then walks away and the professor watches him go, thinking about how much he wronged Richard Gordon and that Richard has no place to go. MacWalsey looks back onto his own hubris, and how his past arrogance has led to his unfortunate place in life and how it had ruined Richard and Helen Gordon’s lives.Because of hubris and humility, the places of many characters have either excelled or demised, but in the case of To Have and Have Not by Ernest Hemingway, all of the characters have demised in some way. For some it was death, for others it was a life of disappointment to come. Works CitedHemingway, Ernest. To Have and Have Not. Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1937.