India: Social Concerns ; My Suggested Solutions’
“Development is about
transforming the lives of people, not just transforming economies”.
Joseph Eugene Stiglitz
University & American economist)
A country can’t be called
developed by merely improving the statistics. It also needs to improve the life
of its citizens. We need to make our citizens innovative, skilled, educated and
healthy. There is a number of challenges which India is facing from decades
like Poverty, Illiteracy, Child Labour, Corruption, etc. In order to overcome
these problems, there are many initiatives that were launched by the government
such as Skilled India Mission, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyaan, Beti Bachao Beti Padhao,
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan and many more.
India is a land of
diverse community and religions. It is unfortunate that more than 1billion
population 350 to 450 million people are living below the poverty line. We all
have heard “The rich get richer and the poor get poorer”. This is
true, first and foremost cause of poverty is fast-growing population. Our
country is overpopulated. Unemployment, Inflation is also responsible for
poverty in India. To combat the issue of poverty government of India has
launched various schemes like SGSY, EAS, FWP, MNGREGA etc. but still, poverty
has not been eradicated from the country.
India is home to almost
half of the world’s illiterates. It is one of the most pressing issues which
are the bane of the society.Around 48% of its population is still completely
illiterate. The government of India took many initiatives to increase the rate
of literacy like The National Policy on Education, Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Mid-Day
Meal scheme, etc. Though, after all these initiatives by the government still,
26% of the population cannot read and write.
Apart from this woman are
the main victims of social issues. Women in India generally face problems of
sex discrimination, a high percentage of illiteracy, dowry system, Gender
discrimination, Sexual harassment etc.
The government has taken many steps to stop the abominable practice of
these issues like Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls
(RGSEAG), Kishori Shakti Yojana, Indira Gandhi Matritva Sahyog
Yojana(IGMSY)etc. According to the
Indian National, Crime Bureau reports there were about 6787 dowry death cases
registered in India in 2005 and approx 70% of women in India are victims of
domestic violence not only this, in rural India 70% girls are married before 18
and 56% of those married bear children before 19.
A shameful plight!!!
Only women in India are
not the victims of society. There are various other issues also which are faced
by Children of India like Malnutrition, Child Labour, Forced begging.These are
those issues which still impact our country. The Indian government has enacted
many laws to protect child rights, namely Care and Protection of Children Act,
Integrated Child Development/Protection Scheme, etc. The rate of Child Labour, ForcedBegging,
Malnutrition is increasing day by day in our society.
With this situation of
our country, we aren’t a developed nation.India is transforming is true but for
a developed nation citizens plays a
vital role. The Government launched many schemes, missions for each problem but
all these doesn’t make much change in the current situation.Lots of problems
can be solved by making some minor changes.
Such as to control the
population “A Two-Child Policy” must be enacted by the government. It states
that one couple shall be allowed to have two children only. Major steps which
have been already implemented but still need to be emphasized to control all
these problems. The welfare and status of women and girls should be increased,
spread of education, more health care centers for the poor should be
established, more job opportunities for youngsters must be opened and sex
education must be given to students.This is not enough there must be a total
ban on the employment of small children, encouraging women empowerment at
ground level mostly in rural areas and to overcome the issue of illiteracy each
and every contribution by a literate person may eradicate this menace. Poverty
can be eliminated if the poor people get the jobs according to their needs and
skill. Dowry system can be removed from the society if we become more
progressive, less orthodox and more revolutionary in our ideas.
Thus, it is concluded
that every issue that our society faces is like a link in a chain. They all are
interconnected with each other and if one issue is overcome like illiteracy
than indirectly Population, Unemployment, ChildLabour and Poverty will be
eliminated from the country. India is transforming and it will be a developed
country if its citizens become more skilled, educated, innovative and healthy.
A country is called developed when its citizens are developed. Transformation
must start from each person living in India. If everyone contributes something
to the society then that day is not far when we heard this is “India A