To one of the regular “good” and the “Chief

To begin with Aristotle’s
theory on Happiness is different than the other philosophers. Aristotle states
that for one to achieve Happiness they must have achieved their form of “good”.
For Aristotle there are two types of “good” in which he engenders, one of the
regular “good” and the “Chief Good”. They differ from each other due to the
smaller good can be used for multiple ends, to attain other goods, such as the
case of a bridle maker. The end “good” for the bridler might be to make a great
bridle, but the bridle itself has a greater purpose, to be used for riding.
Now, the Chief Good however, has no multifaceted ends. The Chief Good, worthy
of a singular pursuit, is desirable itself rather than for another end. Here
delves Aristotle into those that which pursue their Eudaimonia. Aristotle
presents 3 types of man, the Pleasurable, Meaningful, and Good Life. They are
all fruitless pursuits however and will not attain their Eudaimonia. To
expound, the Pleasant Life seeks as many pleasures as possible and work on
learning skills to amplify that basis, i.e. wealth. The Meaningful Life works
to exercise their characteristics outwardly to achieve Eudaimonia, i.e.
politics, one’s good will be superficial due to the “good” being bestowed by
the external populous and the pursuer will constantly seek assurance and not
look internally. Lastly, the Good life seeks pursue virtues through exercising
strengths in work, love, and play but in this pursuit the way is incomplete
because the thought of virtue is like an eternal sleep because virtue is a
characteristic, thus always there, like an eye will still be there upon waking
in the morning. Thus, none are found to be in pursuit of the Chief Good.
Initially Aristotle states that a Chief Good could be one of Self-sufficiency,
but simply brushes that off as a platitude because it is too easy a scape-goat
out of the argument. Further, to give a fulfilling cause, a way to achieve a
Chief Good, Aristotle delves into the function of man. Stating that at base for
all living things the one principle that sets man apart from baser animals or
plants is not one of pursuing Life of Nutrition and Growth, not one pursuing
the Life of Perception, rather a principle that is not instinct. The Rational
Principle. Consisting of parts Obedience and Possession and exercising thought
Aristotle states that the function of man is the activity of the soul, and its
pursuit from just doing an action to be excellent at an action, like a lyre
player, one can be regular and the other can be exceptional if their hard work
portrays itself.