This understanding of the stages a learner goes through

This paper explores the
different stages involved in second language acquisition and its significance
with reference to Pakistani context.  In
Pakistan English has achieved an official status therefore it is a second
language of majority of the people whereas Chinese has the position of a
foreign language in the country. Linguists have been studying and proposing
different theories on how children acquire their first language but their focus
shifted to processes involved in second language acquisition when more than
half of world’s population became bilingual or multilingual. Only then linguists
began investigating the stages involved while learning a non-native language.
The purpose was to come up with teaching methodologies that will assist the
learners in acquiring their second languages effectively and efficiently. SLA
has emerged as a sub discipline of applied linguistics and receives attention
from various other disciplines including psychology and education. SLA is
defined as a process by which people learn a second language. This process
includes different stages and can be affected by different factors including
age, aptitude, even the first language of the speaker. Pakistan is a country
with multilingual speakers. Their first or native languages include Urdu,
Punjabi, Sindhi, Pashto, Siraiki depending on the geographical regions where
they are born whereas English has the official status since the time of British
rule in sub-continent. It is the language of law, military, media, business and
enterprise. English is being taught as a subject to students from primary level
therefore majority of the people learn English as their second language. I,
hailing from Punjab learnt English as my second language and Urdu as my first
language. Despite learning English from primary level I failed to become a
proficient English speaker whereas I can read and write fairly well in English.
Now being a student of Linguists and an aspiring language teacher I find it significant
enough to have a deep understanding of the stages a learner goes through while
learning L2 so that a language teacher may design his syllabus and teaching
methodologies accordingly which promotes effective learning.