Thesis Statement: The element of Hamartia is vividly common in each of Hamlet, Agamemnon, and the Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock where it resembles the tragic flaw that leads a hero or heroine to their downfall. Their actions leads to hamartia and therefore it helps provoking pity. Mapping Scheme (Your main points) The characters in each work possess a tragic flaw that evidently leads them to their downfall.Readers become very attracted to the plays by provoking feelings of pity.The consequences were appropriate for each of the actions taken by the characters. First Argument In spite of the fact that the Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, Agamemnon, and Hamlet are all presented with completely different situations, each one of the character in each of the plays posses a tragic flaw that eventually leads them to the character’s downfall. Evidence:Each one of the protagonist in each one of the plays that are compared, Agamemnon, and Hamlet. Each one of the protagonists has a tragic flaw at the end in both plays. In the play Agamemnon, Agamemnon’s tragic flaw is arrogance because at every opportunity that is presented to him he has to act like he knows everything, but in reality he knows nothing. An example of this is when he kills his oldest daughter because he wanted the wind to blow for his ship. Agamemnon: “He struck me with dark drops of gory dew; while I rejoiced no less than the sown earth is gladdened in heaven’s refreshing rain at the birthtime of the flower buds” (1390).Agamemnon is admitting that he killed his daughter, just so he could drive his ship.Hamlet: In addition in the play, Hamlet, Claudius wanted to be king so bad that he killed his own brother in order to gain that power and the control of the kingdom that he wanted.QuoteClaudius says: “Forgive me my foul murder? That cannot be, since i am still possessedOf those effects for which i did the murder: My crown, mine own ambition, and my queen. May one be pardoned and retain th’ offense? In the corrupted currents of this world Offense’s gilded hand may shove by justice” (Act 3 Scene 3).This quote shows Claudius admitting guilt because he killed his brother for power and now he is showing remorse.PrufrockPrufrock is an enthusiastic, over-diagnostic and uncertain character: As can be deduced from the poem Prufrock invests the greater part of his energy contemplating how to become a man of action. Prufrock envisions himself accomplishing extraordinary things for himself and having all that he wants. In any case, he can’t figure out how to understand his desires. Prufrock is very much aware of this catastrophe, and he ensures the group of onlookers. No matter what he does he never fulfills his true potential because he is scared of the consequences of asking a girl out on a date.QuoteLET us go then, you and I,When the evening is spread out against the skyLike a patient etherised upon a table; (lines 1-3)SignificanceThe reason these quotes are significant because they show how each character has a tragic flaw that leads to their downfall. In the play Agamemnon, it shows the downfall through killing his daughter, and the play Hamlet shows it where his brother killed him that lead to remorse and misery for the character. Whereas in Prufrock not asking a girl out will make a build up of emotions which leads to sadness and tragedy of the character. Second Argument Readers are attracted to the works by provoking feelings of sympathy. Evidence:AgamemnonIn the play Agamemnon, Agamemnon kills his oldest daughter and the wife of Agamemnon, Clytemnestra acts to avenge this unfair, wrong death. She is convinced of her own righteousness, freely confessing to the crime and showing no signs of guilt, and Agamemnon, arrogant and foolish, certainly is not a sympathetic victim. Quote “My fate is angry if I obey these,/but angry if I slaughter/this child, the beauty of my house,/with maiden blood shed staining/these father’s hands beside the altar./What of these things goes now without disaster?/How shall I fail my ships/and lose my faith of battle?” Lines 206-214Hamlet In the play Hamlet, Hamlet wants to take revenge from his father’s killer, but he always delays his revenge and overthinks every situation which leaves the reader feeling bad and having sympathy for him because the reader wants to see Hamlet fall through with his plan. Quote “What’s Hecuba to him, or he to Hecuba, That he should weep for her? What would he do, Had he motive and cue for passion That I have?” (529, 538-541).When the actor is telling the story of Hecuba, he is able to cry on the cue to entertain the audience, although Hamlet still has done nothing to avenge his father’s death, which causes him to be incredibly upset with himself. When the scene comes to closure, Hamlet, comes up with a plan to use. The Mouse Trap, to “catch the conscious of the King” (II, ii, 586). Hamlet is still trying to come up with a plan to seek revenge, but he keeps procrastinating and never actually gets revenge. PrufrockIn the poem, the Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, Prufrock is explaining his life and it eventually makes the reader feel sympathetic for him because the reader starts to realize that Prufrock never takes action. QuoteFor I have known them all already, known them all: – Have known the evenings, mornings, afternoons,I have measured out my life with coffee spoons; (lines 49-51)In this quote, Prufrock is saying that he has a lot of life experience, and he does not need new ones. However, he never says what experiences he has had. Which makes the reader believe that Prufrock is old and lonely. Significance: These quotes show that the reader has feelings of sympathy for the tragic heroes in the plays. Which evidently reinforces the thesis, where the sympathy for his wife in the play Agamemnon, and sympathy for the character who never got vengeance. Also pity for Prufrock where he was never with the girl he loved. Third ArgumentThe consequences were appropriate for each of the actions taken by the characters. Agamemnon In the Play Agamemnon, Agamemnon arrogance leads him to kill his oldest daughter, which then leads his wife to kill him, which is appropriate for his actions.Quote Apollo there! Healer indeed, I call on you,lest Artemis make contrary winds for the Danaans,long delays that keep the ships from sailing,in her urge for a second sacrifice,one with no music, no feasting,an architect of feuds born in the family, with no fear of the man;for there stays in wait a fearsome, resurgent,treacherous keeper of the house, an unforgetting Wrath which avenges children.'” (146-155)This quote is saying, that Agamemnon is forced to kill his daughter in order for the wind to blow his ship in the right direction. Then he is killed by his wife.Hamlet In the play Hamlet, the main protagonist, Hamlet was a procrastinator and because of that he did not get revenge for his father till it was to late.Quote Now might I do it pat. Now he is a-praying.And now I’ll do ‘t. And so he goes to heaven.And so am I revenged.—That would be scanned.A villain kills my father, and, for that,I, his sole son, do this same villain sendTo heaven (Line 74-79).This quote shows that Hamlet has so many chances to kill Claudius and get revenge, but he has to overthink every situation, which leads him to the consequences for his actions.PrufrockIn the poem, the Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock, Prufrock is trapped in his own head and he never has the ability to act on his emotions. This leads him to never asking the girl he likes out on a date because he is afraid she would reject him. Quote Time for you and time for me,And time yet for a hundred indecisions,And for a hundred visions and revisions,Before the taking of a toast and tea.In the room the women come and goTalking of Michelangelo And indeed there will be time (Line 25-31).Prufrock decides to states to himself that “indeed there will be time.” It’s a repetition that has been used for Prufrock to reinforce and tell himself that he can pass on meeting the women which is in the same room because he does not feel the need of it just yet. Prufrock thinks eventually a time will come for the women he is in love with and himself to meet each other and talk. He states that there will be enough time for “hundred of indecisions and revisions before the taking of a toast and tea.” at the end of all of his rambling, this results in him to end up being lonely and not do anything about it. Significance: These quotes show the consequences were appropriate for each of the actions taken by the characters. Ultimately, all of the characters got what they deserved. In Agamemnon, because Agamemnon killed his daughter he ended up being killed by his wife. In Hamlet, because there was no actions taken, he never got revenge for his parents. Finally in Prufrock who never dared to speak was left alone without the girl he loves. All the characters deserved it because they have done it to themselves. Their tragedy was a result of their actions. Conclusion: Thesis: The actions that were taken by each one of the characters in the plays Hamlet, the Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock and Agamemnon, is what leads them to their downfall, hamartia and helps provoking pitySummary of the main points: Tragic flaws that occur in each one of the plays is what leads the characters to their downfall. The audience of these plays show interest and are very attracted into the plays which causes them to have the feelings of pity for the characters. Each one of the characters in these plays receives a consequence that is very appropriate to their actions. Significance: The downfall of Agamemnon is shown when he kills his daughter which also causes the reader to have sympathy for the wife of Agamemnon, Clytemnestra. Agamemnon’s consequence is him being killed by his wife. Whereas in the play Hamlet it is seen when his brother kills him and the audience shows sympathy for the character that never got vengeance. The character also gets a fair consequence, since he took no actions for revenge for his parents. Prufrock is also shown when he decides to not talk to the girl he loves and ends up being lonely and has the audience feel the feeling of pity and have sympathy for him. As a consequence Prufrock was left lonely at the end because he is not brave enough to talk to the love of his life.