There science, I determined that to define a line

There are a myriad of studies conducted to determine the roles of genetics and the environment on the actions of an individual.  After studying articles that pertain to early childhood education, criminology and science, I determined that to define a line at which environment and genetics cross is difficult to determine, as well as, which one has the most effect on behavior.  In a study conducted by Mari Levitt, she states, “There was general agreement that everybody’s behaviour is influenced to varying degrees by both genetic and environmental factors, but deterministic accounts of causation, except in exceptional circumstances, were rejected.  Only an emphasis on nature was seen as dangerous in its consequences, for society and for individuals themselves,” (Levitt, 2013).   The study of nature vs nurture appears to be repetitious with cyclitic answers resulting.    Researchers Darlene Francis and Daniela Kauafer comment, “We’ve reached a point where most people are savvy enough to know that the correct response isn’t “nature” or “nurture,” but some combination of the two,” (Francis and Kaufer, 2011). It is important to understand what is considered nature and what is considered nurture when determining the value of each on one’s behavior.  Nurture is also known as one’s environment in which he lives, and nature is one’s genetic makeup.  “Nurture affects children’s development through multiple channels: physically through nutrition, activity, and stress; intellectually through informal experiences and formal instruction; and socially through adult role models and peer relationships,” (McDevitt and Ormrod, 2010).  “Researchers have made great strides in understanding the cellular, molecular, genetic and epigenetic processes involved in the regulation of stress responses,” (Francis and Kaufer, 2011).   In a scientific study, scientist relate stress factors to genetics and environments.  Stress responses can show a correlation of environment and genetics.  There are studies that are conducted that analyze psychological and cognitive focuses on behaviors that occur as a result from stress along with tracking stress hormones which may be affected by genetics.  “Recent advances in stress research are inverting implicit assumptions about gene/environment relationships and the nature/nurture divide,” (Francis and Kaufer, 2011).   Finding a correlation between genetic makeup and the physiological responses to environmental factors helps to create more educational programs that will advert individuals from destructive behaviors.  “An attraction of research into genes and behaviour is the hope that identifying a genetic factor that is correlated with and increased incidence of violent and antisocial behavior will point to a way of reducing such behaviour,”(Levitt, 2013).  It appears that taking deeper studies into the effects of stress on one’s behavior may give more insight on the crossing line of nature and nurture.Levitt, Mairi. “Perceptions of Nature, Nurture and Behaviour.” Life Sciences, Society and Policy, Springer-Verlag, 6 Dec. 2013,, Darlene, and Daniela Kaufer. “Beyond Nature vs. Nurture.” The Scientist Magazine, 1 Oct. 2011,–Nurture/.Ormrod, T. M McDevitt|J. E. “Nature and Nurture.”, 20 July 2010,


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