basic definition of nanotechnology can be started as the studying and
application of materials on extremely small scale, in this case; nanometer.
These materials can then be used in various fields of science, namely;
engineering, biology, physics (1, 2). In the past few years, there has
been striking advancements in the field of microelectronics. With the progress
in this field, nanotechnology can prove to be a blessing in human health care .
It is quite reasonable to make use of this technology and make devices
compatible with the biological cells as their size ranges in nanometers (3).
devices or molecular sized devices are the essence of a new multidisciplinary
field called nanomedicine. In the book ‘Unbounding the Future’, writers ; Eric
Drexler, Chris-tine Peterson, and Gayle Pergamit used the term nanomedicine for
the first time ever (4). Following this
some arguments started whether this term appropriately describes its purpose or
not. Strictly speaking, nanomedicine can be defined as the field which involves
the utilization of nanomaterial in medicine (5).
Philosophy of Nanomedicine
in biological cells proteins are the main components that cause any change and
also are the structural components. Carbohydrates and lipids just act as the
energy currency or as a storage room for energy. So, if a drug is made of Nano
size it will be smaller than the human cell. Thus, it can reach to the protein
molecules directly which are the main effector molecules. This is the main goal
of nanotechnology. Making such a drug will not only increase the efficiency of
the drug but can also reduce the side effects to minimum as it will be directed
at a specific target (6).
primary outcomes identified with the improvement of nanomedicine could be
distinguished in the late 1960’s at ETH Zurich. The huge mechanical and modern
advancement of nanomedicine is later, only a few decades or somewhere in the
vicinity. It has been set apart by some substantial activities which paved the
way for its advancement.
the mid 2000’s, both the researcher confidence and the difficulties which could
be tended to by nanotechnology have incited legislative science and subsidizing
associations to embrace vital audits of the present status of nanomedicine,
their essential destinations being to survey potential open doors for better
medicinal services and additionally the risk benefit examination of these new
advancements, and to decide needs for future financing (7).
mid2003, the European Science Foundation propelled its “Forward look on
nanomedicine”. Around then, there was an expanding hopefulness that
nanotechnology connected to prescription would get critical advances the
analysis and treatment of infections. The Forward Look required more than 100
driving European specialists and enabled them to decide the present status of
the field what’s more, to encourage wrangles on key approach issues. An
approach instructions was distributed on 23 February 2005 which abridged the
proposals of the Forward Look.
2004, the National Cancer Institute (NCI), as a major aspect of NIH, propelled
the Cancer Nanotechnology Plan, a vital activity to change clinical oncology
and essential research through the coordinated utilization of nanotechnology.