The how the future of English will evolve, and

The English language is a
global language, it is estimated to be spoken by one-fourth of the world’s
population, around 6 billion people. According to linguistics expert David
Crystal, (Crystal, D. 1997), his book “English as a Global Language”, it
discusses the future of the English language. This arouses how the future of
English will evolve, and will English fragment? In this essay, two parts of
question will be conferred with: first, explanation of what future English
would be like and why the future of English will evolve in that ways. Second,
explanation of my opinion as to whether the English language will fragment into
different unintelligible languages. Before speculating about the future of
English language, it is necessary to take a glance at the history of English. Politically,
in the 17TH and 18TH centuries, due to the spread of
colonization by Britain, English was the colonialized language in most of the
countries and cities. Economically, in the 18Th and 19TH
centuries, it was the industrial revolution, Britain was called the “workshop
of the world” as most of the innovations were of British origin. In the late 19Th
and 20TH centuries until now, English language as a language of the
leading economic power has been continuing by the United States of America. The
history tells us that a language will achieve a high global status when it
develops a special role which is recognized across the globe. For example,
English is the official language of many countries, it is used by the
government, the law court, the legislation, the media, and the education system
(medium of instruction). According to David Crystal, (Crystal, D. 1997),
English has special administrative status in over 70 countries. In the present,
English is an international language, lingua franca, and global language. But
how about the future of English would be like?

 

The following paragraphs are
the explanation of what future English would be like and why the future of
English will evolve in that ways. First, in the coming decades, the English
language will continue to be the global language and international language. However,
there are many varieties of English, not only the British English and American
English but also many “new Englishes”. The way that English is being spread
across the world nowadays is giving rise to new languages, which forms of
English mixed with the languages spoken by those using it as a second language.
For example, in Singapore, the government try to promote standard British
English using its good English campaign, but in fact, it is the mixed form of
English which is called Singlish. Singlish, a form of English with features of
Malay and Chinese. It is largely spoken at homes and daily conversation by
Singaporean. For another example, in America, the variety is known as
Spanglish, it is a mixture of Spanish and English, which is spoken by millions
of people who use it as a native language. Therefore, as a language in its own
right so as English continues to spread across the globe in this way. Since
there are more and more people with different first language using English, it
seems likely that the future of English language is actually a future of
multiple English’s, that English mixed with the languages used by the people
who use it as a second language.

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Second, when thinking of how
English will evolve in the future, the trends in the global English-speaking
population can be taken into consideration. According to the British Council, (Graddol,
D. 2006), it might surprise a lot of English native speakers that they are
among the minority of the world’s English-speaking population. As of 2015,
there are about 1.4 billion people speaking English as a second language. It is
understandable because the English language is already seen as a universal
second language. It is common for children in other countries to study it since
they would use English in their tertiary education and in the workplace. More
surprisingly, the world’s largest English-speaking country now is India. The
trend of this preponderance of non-native speakers of English is most likely
going to continue so that in the future. Experts predict by 2020 only 15% of
the world’s English-speaking population will be made of native speakers.
Bearing this in mind, which means that in the future is likely that the English
language can be thought of as the world’s universal second language. In the
future, the global standard English might be influenced by the English is spoken
in countries with rapidly-growing economies, such as India and China. For
example, in Indian English, people say, “I am thinking it’s going to rain.”. In
British English, “I think it’s going to rain.”. People may tend to use Indian
English since it is being used frequently.

 

Third, it makes sense that
modern English is different from old English and Middle English, it is because
English is a living and dynamic language, so it transforms according to the way
people use it. The future of English will also change according to the way
people use it. From the above paragraph, we knew that most English speakers of
the future will be non-native English speakers. Looking at present-day
differences between British English and American English, it is a fact that
English dialects will arise and they will begin to diverge. For example, there
are different slang in the United States versus the U.K. For instance, in the
U.S., “there’s a trunk of a car.”. In the U.K., “there’s a boot of a car.”.
Different slangs are based on the same language. Bearing this in mind, the
emergence of new English dialects that will have been affected by the native
language of the speakers who speak English as a second language now. That means
instead of seeing dialects with diverging slang, dialects with diverging rules
of grammar rules of syntax will occur. According to Laura Clout (Clout,
L.2008), in Indian English, people use the present continuous despite the
present simple. For example, in British English, we would say, “I think, I
feel, I see.”, but a speaker of Indian English might say, “I am thinking, I am
feeling, I am seeing.”. From this, according to David Crystal, (Crystal, D. 1997),
we can see that “English will become a family of languages, just as Latin did a
thousand years ago.”. The dialects could be affected by a non-English language,
and this trend could accelerate to the point that in the future instead of one
standardized version of English. We have multiple versions of mutually
unintelligible dialects based on the English language.

 

Regarding the future of English
language will evolve, will English language fragment into different
unintelligible languages? In order to account for this question, the definition
of unintelligible language needs to be illustrated. Unintelligible language is
incomprehensive, not able to be understood by the people of different language
families. Due to the unrelated language varieties, its creates confusing or complicated
meaning, or because it is not written or pronounced clearly. In linguistics, intelligibility
among languages can vary according to the vocabulary, pronunciation, and grammar
between two different languages or dialects. To a large extent, I agree with
the statement that the varieties of English which are used in different parts
of the world nowadays will fragment into different unintelligible languages.

 

First, for the historical
aspect, the English language will also fragment into different unintelligible
languages, similar to the case of Latin. It is practical and reasonable to compare
English and Latin. They are big languages in the world. Latin was a language
used by the Roman Empire. Enormous as Latin was, it was the de facto language
in Europe until the 17TH century. From 200BC to 100BC, due to the
innovation of science and technology, as well as outstanding political and
military, the Roman Empire expanded rapidly through colonization in Europe.
This enabled Latin to become the dominant language. However, starting from the
5TH century, the decline of the Roman Empire causing the fading of
Latin. Latin, evolved into different languages which called the Romanic Languages.
French, Spanish, and Romanian are fragmented by Latin, which is spoken
worldwide. French, Spanish, and Romanian are different unintelligible
languages, with different varieties and unrelated vocabulary, grammar and
pronunciation. The history of the evolvement of Latin reflects the use of a
language depends mostly on the political and economic power of a country. English
might repeat the history of Latin, the varieties of English will fragment into different
unintelligible languages. The role of English is similar to Latin, first, owing
to strong political and economic power of Britain in history, English as an
international language, has been used widely around the world. Next, English is
also developing into different varieties of World Englishes. The English
language might disintegrate into many independent and unintelligible languages,
such as Singlish and Chinglish. However, these process needs to take a long
time, maybe a few centuries.

 

Second, the English language
will fragment into different unintelligible languages, these unintelligible
languages have been called “New Englishes”. Since the government wants to
establish and express national identity, new Englishes have arisen. These new
varieties are combined with English and the own language of that country, in
order to meet their own needs, such as effective governance, the medium of
instruction. These unintelligible languages can be developed through adding
lexical items, creating grammatical rules, and developing a new standard of pronunciation.
For those countries or cities with different language families of English, the
new variety of English which has emerged will turn unintelligible to outsiders.
In these decades, more and more Chinese learn English, according to Graddol (Graddol,
D. 2006), “176.7 million Chinese were studying English in 2005 and 20 million
new users of English were produced each year.”, which means there might be
around 436.7 million Chinese studying English in 2018. English in China is
influential to the development of World Englishes, because of China’s
prosperous economic growth, people across the globe want to communicate with
Chinese people for business, cultural activities. They would use English to
communicate, as English is a lingua franca. English is used increasingly in
Asia. For the time being, new varieties of English combined with the feature of
Asian language will be created. This is how the English language will fragment
into different unintelligible languages. For example, Singlish, Chinglish, Inglish,
Japlish. These new Englishes are dissimilar to British English and American
English.

 

To sum up, in the nearing
future, English language is going to evolving into a multiple of English’s,
which means English mixed with the languages used by the people who use it as a
second language. The new varieties will transform and change according to the
way people use it. Ultimately, the varieties of English will fragment into
different unintelligible languages, we have multiple versions of unintelligible
dialects or languages based on the English language.

For example, Singlish, Inglish,
or even Chinglish. According to Kachru, (Kachru, B. B. 2004), “There have
always been mutually unintelligible dialects of Arabic, Chinese, Hindi, and
Latin, there is no reason to believe that the linguistic feature of English
will be any different.”. As a result, English may disintegrate to form unintelligible
languages.