The has stirred up a great deal of discussion

The recent Brown V. Board of Education law case has stirred up a great deal of discussion regarding the “separate but equal” doctrine. A couple of years ago in 1950, Linda Brown, a seven year old third grader, was witholded from attending a white public school under seven blocks from her home in Topeka, Kansas. By the laws of segregation, Linda was sent to a black public school seven bocks and a bus ride from her home. Linda’s family, along with 12 other families in Topeka, united with The National Association for the Advancement of Coloured People (NAACP) to appeal to the school district. When the Topeka case finally made way to the United States Supreme Court, it was integrated with four other NAACP cases from South Carolina, Washington D.C., Delaware, and Virginia to form the Brown V. Board of Education. The case was decided a few weeks ago on May 17, 1954. The lead attorney for the trial being Thurgood Marshall, stated this case before the court that segregation in public schools is “inherently unequal” because of the psychological damage they enforce on blacks (Beyond Brown: Pursuing the Promise). However, Marshall’s case did not offer the Brown V. Board of Education the justice they had intended. The vast majority of the white community in Washington D.C. felt that this case was unnecessary since both learning environments for each race were equal: “The Fourteenth Amendment states that people should be treated equally; it does not state that people should be treated the same” (Landmark Cases: Arguments for Each Side). They believe that treating people equally means giving them what they need. Specifically, they declared that white children are probably more comfortable learning with other white children and that black children are probably more comfortable learning with other black children. The white community discussed their issues with integrated public schools: “Theses students do not have to attend the same school to be treated equally under the law; they must simply be given an equal environment” (Landmark Cases: Arguments for Each Side). The U.S. District Court established that the facilities in Topeka for black children, were equal to the facilities for white children. The white population had come to the consensus that no psychological studies have been tested on the youth of the Topeka school district. The results of the psychological studies that have been done display that the negative effects of segregation cannot be extended to the Topeka district, thus there is no indication of personal damage to the youth. Opposers of the Brown V. Board of Education case need to brush up on their facts. The Equal Protection Clause of the Fourteenth Amendment of the Constitution states: “No state shall… deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws” (Brown V. Board of Education Timeline. National Archives). The Fourteenth Amendment hinders a state from commanding contrasts based upon race. Racial segregation in public schools diminishes the assets of one group purely on the basis of race and is unconstitutional. Psychological studies have proven that segregation causes negative effects on the black community.  The court stated that: “To separate them children in grade and high schools from others of similar age and qualifications solely because of their race generates a feeling of inferiority as to their status in the community that may affect their hearts and minds in a way unlikely to ever be undone.” (Brown V. Board of Education. National Archives)The U.S. District Court found that by segregating white students from black students, black students then feel inferior and less important the white children. Justice Brown stated that legislation and court rulings could not overcome social prejudices: “If one race be inferior to the other socially, the constitution of the United States cannot put them on the same plane” (Duignan, Brian). These races will never be equal unless we give them the same opportunities as each other, starting with equal public school education. The racism present in our current society is the sole reason as to why Linda Brown was sent to a black school that was seven blocks and a bus ride from her home instead of a white school within seven blocks walking distance. This case has caused so many pointless complications for white families just because they do not want their children learning with those of another race. Many middle class European families have fled from Washington. The remaining European-American families have enrolled their children into private schools which has caused a serious ethnic imbalance in the District’s Schools (Fogle, Jeanne Mason). How can we expect to give the African-American youth a chance at an equal opportunity for education if the actions of white parents are inhibiting this process to follow through? The conflicting argument stated that the psychological effects of segregation within the school system cannot be extended to the Topeka, Kansas school district. It was also stated there is no indication of personal harm to the applicants. Clearly a young girl denied access to a white school located nearby will inflict her with an inferior badge and have her realize she is not good enough for that school. Multiple cases have occurred regarding this dispute which have come together to form this life-changing case. If both learning environments, by law, must be equal to one another, then why must children be separated based off of race if they are both going to the a school environment equal to each other? Acts like these are psychologically damaging to the black community as they feel unworthy of attending a white school. Of the segregated schools in the United States, only 1/7 of African-Americans complete a highschool level of education compared to ? of whites (U.S. Education: Still Separate and Unequal). One race is evidently socially inferior to the other, which is visible through this law case. If this is the situation, then the Constitution of the United States can not view these races as equal. Although this case is focused around the idea of equal education opportunities for all, the fact the school environments are so-called equal, is not the problem. The dilemma is that this case highlights a bigger issue of how unequal blacks are to whites, socially. Since this case, our society has adjusted to inequality through equalizing public facilities however, they do this with the intention of covering up the fact that different races are far from being socially equal.  How can we expect a bright future for the youth of today by psychologically damaging them when they are denied access to a school of their choice and convenience? By separating children of different races at a young age, we are implementing them with the mindset that the other race is unacceptable and should not be associated with. Only when we bring them together, will they flourish in their environment and achieve their full potential knowing that everyone is equal.