The from each other. The New England colonies were

 

The
New England and Chesapeake regions had very different motives for colonization
in the New World, along with a different structure in political, religion and
economy that altogether pulled these regions into their own distinct paths. To
begin with, the reasoning for settlements in these colonies were much different
from each other. The New England colonies were filled with Puritans and
Seperatists, who both originally wanted to separate from the Church of England,
and agreed upon terms of making their own laws and overall establishing a
democracy. Therefore, they colonized in the New England region to create their
new own way of living. This will further form their religion, political and economic
status. The Chesapeake colonies, on the other hand, left England to escape from
direct religious persecution so they weren’t very big on religion. The main
motive of sailing to that region was to find gold, the colonists knew the
Spanish were able to discover gold so they thought they would be lucky too. Unfortunately,
this wasn’t the case and the colonists even failed to realize the resourceful
climate they lived in to continue to flourish which resulted in many deaths.

But, this and many other aspects shaped their political, religion and economy
in both a positive and negative way.

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The
New England region was very religious, the Puritans relied on everything
religious and had even believed in predestination, which was the fate decided
by God that could never change despite an individual’s actions. A man by the
name of John Winthrop, was a well off attorney and manor lord in England who
became the first governor of Massachusetts. It was his purpose and faith that
made him become A Model of Christian Charity. Winthrop stated, “We must
consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are
upon us…” (Document A), which therefore showed the belief that it was within
the Puritan’s duties to act as a role model to the rest of the world by living
rightfully. This was the purpose of Winthrop’s arrival in New England, to
ultimately become the model of goodness, as he spoke to his audience, the
Puritans. In addition, the Puritans had followed the ‘Articles of Agreement’
which was the creation of a new community, both rich and poor families
included, that would each fit into a household that carried the basic health
and needs of these individuals. Along with this community, a minister would
accompany it because religion had to stay valid. There was an equal share in
housing and planting ground, the status of a few would have still been
considered poor but the economy would not be disrupted as the community tried
to stay in unity (Document D). In the New England colony, Connecticut, the
workmen and traders were gaining too much power economically by inflating
prices and so it was suggested that the wages and prices are set in a standard
way annually. It was also suggested that the workmen and traders think
religiously, so they could end up acting fairly (Document E).

The
Chesapeake region had many settlers who did not want to farm or catch fish and
would instead search for gold because gold was what the gold seekers ever
talked about (Document F), leaving many people dead due to starvation. The English
settlers had decided to raid Indian food during these starving times, and the
condition between the settlers and the Indians grew worse, this caused many
more lives to be lost on both sides but ultimately the Indians had lost in the
attacks. Captain John Smith had written about this history of the early
settlement in Jamestown, and the encounter with Indians in the ‘History of Virginia’,
his purpose was to show the struggles and sickness the settlers had to face
along with his own perspective of life in this new colony. The audience would
have been rich English settlers as Smith told his story in detail of being
captured by Indians, getting nearly killed but being saved by Pocahontas and
escaping (Document F). Unlike the New England colonies, the Chesapeake colonies
had lacked unity as there was division amongst rich people and the small
farmers, servants and slaves. As mentioned before, many English men came to
these colonies hoping to find gold, wealth and property were every man’s
priority so there was constantly a battle between people. During the period of conflict
between the Dutch and Virginia, many upperclassmen did not want to leave their homes
without watch because they were afraid the lower class would take advantage of
their property (Document G). Therefore, the audience Governor Berkeley was targeting
was most likely the lower class people because he does realize how so many
people are unhappy because of the inequality in the economy and the injustice
within the government. His purpose was to persuade the lower class people to
unite with upper class for once in order to take matters into hand, they were
unable to defend themselves because they believed lower class men would not
comply (Document G). Governor Berkeley sides with his own people, the
upperclassmen, so he would do anything to protect his own property too. Because
the government was in favor of the rich with their fortunes, the lower class
people struggled with no hope to hang on to (Document H). No community could
keep everyone together as tension grew upon the lower class and the government.

In conclusion, the developments
of both the New England and Chesapeake colonies were structured very uniquely
in such aspects like religion, politics and economy. It was the same English
people that both sailed from England, but with different beliefs, ideas and
hopes for coming to the New World