The contaminated needle, where the virus can live for

The diagnosis for HIV and AIDS is different – while HIV is the condition that leads to AIDS, the difference between them is that HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) is a virus that has the potential to lead to infection. It attacks the immune system, causing it to not be able to fulfill its vital functions, whereas AIDS (Acquired Immunodeficiency Disorder) is the condition (sometimes called ‘syndrome’) that develops after HIV has already caused damage to the immune system. HIV however doesn’t always produce symptoms;  people can go years without knowing they have the virus, but once AIDS has set in, then the infected host will begin to undergo multiple symptoms. Within the first four weeks (acute infection) of contracting the virus, HIV will cause flu-like symptoms which your immune system can manage to bring under control. This period of momentary symptomless time, the latency period (or median incubation period), can last for about 10 years until AIDS develops. The HIV virus can be transmitted around people through certain infected bodily fluids (sperm, breast milk, rectal & vaginal fluids, blood and between wounds or broken skin), but can also be spread from a mother to child during pregnancy, a dodgy blood transfusion, or the chance of injecting with a HIV contaminated needle, where the virus can live for up to 42 days. A large outbreak of the virus in the late 1970’s was common in gay people as it was quickly spreading through anal and oral sex, where since then it has killed over 39,000,000 people. There are roughly 35,000,000 people infected currently source was from 2016 so i don’t know how many are today and despite a lot of research going into HIV/AIDS, there is still no cure, but are treatments and prevention methods are available such as: the encouragement of using condoms, not sharing a needle with a HIV positive person, getting tested regularly for STDs and getting treatment for them as soon as possible. You can be diagnosed easily for HIV, as a blood or saliva test will infection by detecting the antibodies weeks after infection. Or, an antigen test which detects the proteins released by the virus is another option and can diagnose HIV days after becoming infected. The cell which HIV attacks is the white blood cells T-helper cells (also referred to as CD4 cells). Because HIV cannot reproduce on its own, it invades the CD4 cells and makes new copies of itself in them, damaging the immune system – weakening the bodies defences. The reason why HIV is such a successful virus and remains such a issue is down to the fast mutation rate it has. This makes it remarkably difficult for the B lymphocytes to produce a correct antibody for HIV as it is changing all the time, therefore by the time an antibody has been released, the virus has mutated and a whole new completely different antibody is required. gtiumtrijmtrhjmtihmpjt,y,itsirithv54485y55;o;u5#vje51j776k56164rgh