The constitution of infrastructure and green space usually is

The human population is growing at a very fast rate, and our industrial abilities allow us to colonize every possible habitable space, and build metropolises. Humans inhabit virtually all living spaces on Earth and wherever we settle, we significantly transform natural habitats. Almost all lands have been affected by human intervention, in the forms of settlement or agriculture, or to provide the natural resources or recreational opportunities needed to sustain the rapidly growing population (2). In response to this population increase, cities often grow to cover increasingly larger areas. Thus, with increasing anthropogenic disturbances, critical wildlife habitat is either completely destroyed or separated into patches that are spatially not adequate to support complex ecological communities. Understanding the impact of increasing urbanization is vital for scientists and conservationists alike if species richness is to be preserved.    Many urban biodiversity studies have been done on a short time scale, measuring real-time patterns, however, long-term studies are critical to understanding responses of some species to the urbanization process. According to research done in the past, 51 species recorded in a one-year citywide survey, represented ~15% of those reported in the historical list (3). This is further emphasized in another study, which stated that species richness has commonly been found to peak at moderate levels of urban development (4). This peak in species richness in areas with an equal constitution of infrastructure and green space usually is a result of an increase in the number of common species which are adaptable to urban environments, such as generalist animals which take advantage of high habitat diversity and resource availability. Other factors due to which these common species become more prominent in a moderately urbanized setting are the low levels of competition and predation rates (4).     This paper will build on the approach to explore and understand how different ecological effects of anthropogenic disturbance changes biodiversity patterns. My objective is to determine what ratio of green space to land development of the urban environment will maximize species richness. My hypothesis is that species richness will be highest in areas that have the highest mix of park spaces and land development. My three predictions regarding this topic of how increasing land development affect biodiversity are: one, the highest number of bird species will be found in areas with the highest similarity between the amounts of park spaces and infrastructure. Secondly, the highest population of each species will be found in locations with equal amounts of park spaces and infrastructure. And lastly, the third prediction is that the greatest number of ground mammals species will be found in areas with the highest mix of green land and developed land.