The Transcontinental RailroadDarren Quintero Informational EssayMs. Witt11 January 2018I. IntroductionA. Hook- Explosions. Driving a train can be very dangerous, especially during the building of the Transcontinental Railroad and there were many risks. B. Brief Summary- The Transcontinental Railroad was built to go all across the country which was made possible by the Union Pacific Railroad and The Central Railroad. It connected the East side of the country with the west. It also helped to issue government bonds. C. Thesis- The Transcontinental Railroad created many jobs, facilitated travel for people, and made transporting supplies more efficient.II. Background A. Causes 1. The Transcontinental Railroad was built between 1863-1869. 2. The Transcontinental Railroad lasted for 1,776 miles long. 3. The Transcontinental Railroad transformed the way people went from one side of the country to the other.B. Key Figures 1. Leland Stanford 2. Chinese slavesC. Events 1. The Transcontinental Railroad replaced the Pony Express 2. When The Transcontinental Railroad met, they brought a golden nail to show it was completeIII. Thesis:A. People got jobs but had risk of deathB. 6 miles of track each dayC. Transformed the railroad industry IV. Conclusion: a. Thesis- The Transcontinental Railroad created many jobs, facilitated travel for people, and made transporting supplies more efficient.b. Findings- The Transcontinental Railroad was 1,776 miles long and the Transcontinental Railroad also replaced the Pony Expressc. Opinion- The Transcontinental Railroad made transporting way easier and brought us closer to progress on building cities e. Conclude paper- The Transcontinental Railroad Was one of the most important. parts of our history. Which included many risks, and because of the Transcontinental Railroad, it helped our country grow into what it is today. From old tracks, and dangerous bridges, to the new high-tech railways, the Transcontinental Railroad kick it all off. We would not be here today without the transcontinental railroad. The Transcontinental Railroad transported many people from the East to West Coast. Transportation back in the 1800s where not good. They used horses to travel, and we recently bought new land. It was hard to get to the other side of our country so then came the Transcontinental Railroad. It started to run trains by 1830 and was way ahead of its time. Building The Transcontinental Railroad took effort, strength and endurance, which also took away many lives and splited many families. The Transcontinental Railroad also created many jobs, facilitated travel for people, and made transporting goods, and supplies more efficient. The outcome was magnificent, we could go from coast to coast and set a path to the future. Afterwards the Railroad industry began to get more advanced and Railroads started to branch off the Transcontinental Railroad, which led the way to create new towns, cities and even states. We owe it to the people who sacrificed their lives to get where we are today, and if the Transcontinental Railroad had not been built, then there would be a serious problem with transportation. Stanford, a president of the Pacific Railroad, was born in a farming family with very good education, but then moved to Wisconsin where he began to practice his profession. From Wisconsin, Stanford moved to California to sell minion tools during the Gold Rush in 1852. After being Governor, Stanford went on being the President of the The Transcontinental Railroad needed money to build, and Stanford brought it. When Stanford became president of the Pacific Railroad he brought many political influence and funds for the project. (TCRR 1). It took many years to start the actual building of the Transcontinental Railroad. The government was putting a lot of pressure on Stanford, but his government bonds kept him and his project “on track” (TCRR 2). If Stanford was going to pull his project off, then he needed a lot of workers. Luckily there where many people off the coast. Many Chinese immigrated to California because of a civil that broke out in China, the war was known as “The Taiping Rebellion”. Many Chinese were brought to work on the railroad, but none of them had any experience building a railroad, but they soon got experience by building the the Marryville Railroad (Pearl 43). California and the south had been conquered, and Congress was discussing how they wanted to make a railroad that reaches the Pacific Ocean. Before they could construct the railroad they first needed the approval by congress (Pearl 44). Shortly after, Congress did approve, but drove the nation to a civil war (Pearl 45). Right when the war ended, The construction of the Transcontinental Railroad had begun. When the Chinese started working on the Railroad, the owners where impressed on how well they leveled the earth. When they reached ravines the workers would fill them up if the ravin was small enough. For the big ravines, the Chinese where sent down on the bottom to start the construction on the bridge’s pillars (Pearl 55). After the construction of the Transcontinental Railroad, the Chinese lived in San Francisco in a part called Chinatown (Pearl 83). A tax was made to punish the Chinese saying to move all laundry they had to pay $2 every 3 months. The people who transported their laundry by shoulders had to pay $15 a year. The people did not let the Chinese use the side walks because they carried poles on their shoulders, so they used the streets (Pearl 86).There where many railroads throughout the country, but for the first time, they where all going to be connected by the Transcontinental Railroad (Elish 7). When the east and south coast were connected, it made transporting goods exceptionally easier (Elish 8). To celebrate this momentous occasion, people sang songs, and there where many parades across the country (Elish 10). In the first stage of the railroad, it took 3 days to get from New Jersey to New York. People could not afford th price so other people commented on boats. Traveling by boat was cheap because of the new Erie Canal that had gotten built (Elish 11). Citizens where being hired to build more railroads and steam power was rapidly spreading throughout the country. Mathis BALdwin built the first train the could go 60 miles an hour. Soon, trains got more advanced and more railroads where branching of the Transcontinental Railroad (Elish 15). A news reporter first thought the idea of building a cross-country railroad, but everyone thought he was crazy. No one was thinking about railroads because of all the canals that where being built (Elish 17). As the country began too grow, more people needed to travel, so they traveled by wagon or by boat. When the Transcontinental Railroad cam along, it cost about $255 per person, and it would take 17 days to crops the country. It was extremely faster then wagon trains, or boat (Elish 17). Before the contruction of the Transcontinental Railroad, people thought it was pointless to build one, and they where wrong (Elish 18). There where many suggestions on where to start the railroad, one suggestion was in Chicago, but the railroad began construction in Iowa. Everyone thought that the Chinese where not working hard enough, so they sent Stanford to do the work. Stanford was working along with the Chinese, and he was struggling (Elish 16). Since they had no money, the Central Pacifica’s bonds were very low (Elish 23). The leaders building the railroad needed money to build so Stanford issued bonds (Elish 24). There where many deaths and due to the lack of funds the building was delayed a year and a half. They were still able to put down 50 miles of track (Elish 25).The Central Pacific laid 43 miles of track while the Union Pacific just started, and they needed good workers. At first the workers did not want to build the railroad. They decided to build it because they would get free transportation (Elish 31). The building process was on track, until May, 1866 they reached the mountains. To keep the building process on schedule, there only choice was to go threw the mountains (Elish 36). Snow had come and it made construction difficult because there where many layers of snow. The snow was a problem so they built sheds and longer tunnels (Elish 37). They had passed the mountains and the Chinese were dying, so they brought 12,000 more people to work in the sierras but they had very bad conditions. The central pacific built till the Nevada border and there was good farmland (Elish 37). The workers needed an easier way to transport the track so they made a casement train. They pushed the track on a flat car, and other workers were in front of the train to clear debris from the the track. When they were building and transporting trac, they had to be careful because chief turkey foot was known to derail trains by ripping apart the rails (Elish 40).The early railroad coaches where very dangerous. The carriages had only wood, and where not very constructed well. EVery time a passenger was at risk of dying because of these carriages (First TRR 1). To get from New York to Cailifornia, it took about two months. With the Transcontinental Railroad, it made the trip simple and easy (First TRR 2). When the first train cars where invented, they could not do wide turns. The train cars where separated into “classes” The 3rd class passengers sat on wooden benches. While the first class passengers had leather seats, with lit rooms, rugs, and tables (First TRR 3). The couches, which just had wooden benches where mostly used in a day-to-day commute. Most of the train cars where hitched by chains, but when the train started, it maid the whole train jump and bump. During the early train rides, ashes and smoke got all over the train cars because they had no smoke catchers (First TRR 3). When the first sleeping cars here made, they were very uncomfortable. Ironically George Pullman did not invent the sleeping car it he did improve it (First TRR 4). Dining cars where very expensive to make and where mostly used in the Midwest. When trains did not have dining cars, it was hard to find food. People usually got off at stations to eat at restaurants. Baggage was put into a train car Called the baggage car, but before they kept their luggage close to them (First TRR 4). Supervisors inspected track with a hand cart while they used poling cars in the rail yard. Clearance cars made sure there was enough space in between the lines. People started delivering mail by train in 1831 (First TRR 5).There are many ways to transport, one way was a horse and carriage.Traveling by a horse and carriage was very dangerous. With the Transcontinental railroad we did not have to use horse drawn carriages to travel (M. 1). The transcontinental railroad was an idea that connect the union and central railways into one. The Transcontinental railroad made our economy strong, and got people to travel more (M. 2). Without the Transcontinental Railroad there would be no trade, and our economy would be poor. Steam trains transformed the way we transport freight (M.3). Before the Transcontinental railroad it was dangourouse to transport goods, but now its safer and faster (M. 4). The goods that where being transported where called cargo.Freight trains often carried many items such as vegetables, fruits, or dairy products. Other freight trains transported coal and other types of minerals. People could now rely on the train to deliver cargo in a safely and timely manor. People who where traveling to the west got free transportation (M.5).As The Transcontinental Railroad kept running trains, people kept riding them. We would not be here if it was for the Transcontinental Railroad. We would not be here because of the many people who sacrificed themselves for us to be here. The construction of the Transcontinental Railroad allowed more railroads to branch off and to eventually spread across the country. The Transcontinental Railroad created many jobs, facilitated travel for people, and made transporting goods, and supplies more efficient. With more people traveling west, we grew as a great nation, and we will all remember the people how lost their lives getting us here and building the Transcontinental Railroad. Works Cited”The Pacific Railway.” A Brief History of the Pacific Railway – The Transcontinental Railroad, railroad.lindahall.org/essays/brief-history.html. “The First Transcontinental Railroad.” The First Transcontinental Railroad, www.tcrr.com/. “The Joining of the Rails: The Transcontinental Railroad.” The Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 1 Jan. 2014, www.gilderlehrman.org/history-now/2014-01/joining-rails-transcontinental-railroad. Sinnott, Susan. Chinese Railroad Workers. Franklin Watts, 1994. Elish, Dan. Transcontinental Railroad: Triumph of a Dream. Millbrook Press, 1994.Perl, Lila. To the Golden Mountain: The Story of the Chinese Who Built the Transcontinental Railroad. Benchmark Books, 2003.