Since the Camera came
on shelves there has never been something that changes the look of art making
on such a big stage as digital art. Digital art uses digital technology in a
creative and practice use. When the digital age began around the 1950 it was
only a matter of time before artists would use the technologies for their own
creative use. As with all new means, artists began to use these brave new
innovations of society, including television, the introduction of the p
computer, the availability of audio and visual software, and finally the
internet, into works of their own. Although digital art is not recognized as a clear
movement, we will still continue to see it unfold into a, a bigger and changing
landscape, making itself a substitute to the traditional means of art making
for a post-millennial society.
· Digital art made a connection between artists
and engineers/scientists, which revealed the influences between art and
technology. Artists started to investigate these skills, they were not just
using the new medium but were they also asking people to suggest new things.
· Digital art helped the artist’s gain new abilities
and not just the normal traditional used materials, this giving them new skills
from the electronic technologies to use in their work. Instead of using brushes
and paint, artists could now paint with light, pixels and sound. Instead of using
paper, artists could use digital imagery or computer-generated graphics.
Instead of using, canvas, they could create graphic works for projection on a screen
or via multimedia projection.
· Digital Art has changed the wat that art could be made, viewed and dispensed,
though some digital art tends to be shown in the traditional style of galleries
and museums for viewing, especially for work that requires machinery or complex
components. but usually now Digital Art work can be seen via TV, computer
monitors, Internet or Social media. This has made it a lot easier for artists
to get themselves noticed without the help from big museums or people.
Art and Technology, The
In 1967, a group was made by engineers named Fred Waldhauer
and Billy Kluver, and artists Robert Whitman and Robert Rauschenberg. This
group was then called “EAT” which was shortened from (Experiments in Art and
Technology) and its goal was encourage the partnership between art and the
world of technology.
They created systems
and performances which involved electronic systems, including electrical
circuity, video projection, Doppler sonar and wireless sound projection. This
was a good step as it gave a good base for this type of art which contained and
discovered the technological progress.
The EAT experiments signified
the connection between artists and technology and this would have never
happened without them.
The first well known
piece was made by Bell Labs where the creator of EAT Billy Kluver worked. The
piece was made by Kenneth C. Knowlton who was a computer graphics specialist.
His work was a photograph of a young nude woman and he turned the image into
The Beginnings of the
the internet was a big hit around the 1990s, this was a big deal for everyone,
but it also helped a lot of Digital artists become more skilled and helping
them become more noticeable. It allowed artists to begin learning new mediums
which involved combing words, images, audio and video files.
The internet helped create a new type of
movement in some people’s eyes which was different from Digital Art, this was
called Internet Art or Net.Art. But it was usually linked with the Digital art
movement which was getting bigger and bigger because of the advantages of the
new technology which was being created and developed.
The internet was a great help for people to
speak and communicate easier which allowed the artists to come together and
easily create work all from their own computer screen which was impossible for
artists in the past as they could never communicate or interact with other
artists around the world.
Exploring the Internet
When the internet
started becoming bigger and bigger a lot of artists used this to further their
work so that they could become more noticeable or viral in internet terms. This
soon became a big Artistic medium for artists.
Take Justin Kemp Psuedo
Event 2008, in which viewers would scroll parallel to view a collection of
photos taken at ribbon cutting events.
Concept and Styles
The Digital Arts definition can be very broad
as there is many different types of styles and work but it usually involves
work that has a Digital aspect or has technological means.
This is some of the main categories I have
Art can also be a physical piece and not just on a screen, this is usually
created through a sculpture.
Kevin Marks work is created by using a 3D
printer which is easily setup and a lot easier than doing a normal sculpture as
it is a lot easier to carve the form in a computer program than using clay or
Many digital sculptures can even still be used as working
technology as seen by Trevor Paglen and Jacob Applebaums work “Autonomy Cube
(2014) which is both a sculptural object and an open access Wi-Fi hotspot,
Computer Generated Imagery
computers first came about, artists used the computers programming and
technology to help with their work and to maybe update it to make it look
better. Technology and programming systems to Update their artwork.
Fifty Years later, when computer graphic
software started being sold to the public, artists started using these programs
from the advertising and graphic design industries, allowing them to make their
Joseph Nechvatal, who is an artist who creates computer-assisted
paintings, animations and custom-designed computer viruses. His early pieces
from 1986, Nechvatal has been fascinated with the relationship between reality
Art on Screen
Most digital Art is usually only able seen on a
screen or monitor, meaning that if there wasn’t this sort of technology in the
world you would have never been able to see this type of work. Artists now put
their work on the internet for people to view and can even now be used on
YouTube to showcase art. A YouTube named Petra Cortright uses this to showcase
her animated graphics.
is a big part of Digital Art, This type of art lets the viewers feel the full experience and will
have you thinking you’re in a real-life experience even though it isn’t.
In 2012 a group called Random International made
a piece named “Rain Room” an experimental installation which would have rain
water would fall on you, this was only imaginable because of the 3D trackers
that would go about following the person, which had been programmed to stop the
fall of the rain water wherever the person was standing, this meaning the person
could feel and experience a rain storm without ever getting wet. which would have been impossible without the
assistance of Digital technology.
The piece encouraged viewers to consider the
relationship between Man, Nature and Machine.
Internet as Medium
Digital Art tools can be accessed
by anyone not that every person in the world can have a computer at their home
allowing artists to make a new environment within the art scene. This let the
artists to be able to bypass the museums and showcase their work online and
giving them an even bigger exposure to people around the world.
some artists even used internet as a marketing
tool to upload projects on their own websites, one artist
Benson is a glitch artist, live-visuals performer, and software creator, he is
also a teacher. His works allow website visitors to interact in his web-based
work Bouncy Gradient,
you can add as
rainbow-tinted shapes as you
want, and watch as they twist and rebound off
of each other and against your browser’s edges
Interactive technologies has allowed social
media and user generated content to be shared easily and people to be able to
showcase and edit work in so many different ways.
My Favourite Digital
Artists & Digital Work
Addie Wagenknecht, “Asymemetric Love Number2”, 2013
Addie Wagenknechts work
explores the tension between expression and technology, she likes to create her
work with forms of hacking and sculpture, she uses drones, paint and circuit
boards to create some of her work to make people more aware of their digital
surroundings She has been featured in many museums in France, Austria, England
and Netherlands. she has also featured in magazines and books, some of the most
famous one would be Time, Wall Street Journal, Vanity fair and the New York
This Piece from Addie
Wagenknecht was created from Security cameras and made in the shape of a
chandelier. She later sold this piece for $16,00 ad a auction called Watershed
Phillip David Stearns
Phillip David Stearns, “Fragmented Memory”,
Glitch art is something that happens when you make a
mistake or a software messes up, it has started to become more used in art. New
York artist Phillip David Stearns has used digital glitches in his work and has
made them look amazing. He does this by converting file formats and running
data through custom filters, he turns these images into pixelated explosions
and then turns them into blankets and rugs, bringing his work to life.
Rosa Menkman is a artist who focuses on Visual artifacts
which happens when the Digital and analogue media messes up giving you her
style of work. The images start to become fragmented pieces of pixels and the
face breaks apart. Her work really standout and the way she creates her work is
quite smart and interesting.
piece from Rosa Menkman is a Glitch effect of a woman and by using the effect
she makes the pixels separate. The Red and blues really pop and make this piece
a lot better in my opinion.
Rosa Menkman, “Glitch Art”,
is a Netherlands based duo and one of the pioneers of digital art. they create glitched-out, broken-HTML websites and installations
that often mock the functional uses of technology. They once even slapped a
keyboard on top of a skateboard, JODI try shows us that
we sometimes take our devices far too seriously. The pair have hacked video
games like Quake and run amok with apps,
forever subverting our expectations of what technology does for us
Jodi interested me
because they aren’t just artists they do it in a creative way by hacking sites
to create art and they use their work to send a message as well.
Jodi “Screenshot of Jodi.org”,
Manfred Mohr “P-1611_24” 2012,
Manfred Mohr who is a German born, New York artist and was
said to be a pioneer of the digital art genre, he creates his pieces through
algorithm driven computers which turns into drawings. The result is a series of
drawings that turn minute variations into visual poetry. “Creative work is an
algorithm which represents a human behaviour in a given situation” he was
quoted saying this in 1971.