Samuel HitchcockArgentinaHuman Rights CouncilTopic B: The Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict Interregional conflicts are one of the most common conflicts and are when two countries have a land dispute along their borders without both claiming one region to belong to their country. One long lasting example of this type of conflict is the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict. Nagorno-Karabakh is a region in between Armenia and Azerbaijan that both countries claim as their own, yet the region itself considers themselves as an autonomy state called the Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh which is not internationally recognized. The contention began in 1923 when “the Soviet government established it as an Armenian-majority autonomous oblast of the Azerbaijan S.S.R. Detached from the Armenian S.S.R. to the west by the Karabakh Range, Nagorno-Karabakh thus became a minority enclave within Azerbaijan,” (britannica.com/place/Nagorno-Karabakh). Throughout the decades the ethnic Armenians began to either want autonomy or to be apart of Armenians insulating high amounts of tension. With the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991, the countries went to war over the disputed region. A resolution was never found, but in 1994 a loose ceasefire agreement was signed. In April of 2016 the biggest breach of the ceasefire occurred which resulted in the deaths of over 200 people. “Negotiation and mediation efforts, primarily led by the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Minsk Group, have failed to produce a permanent solution to the conflict,” (www.cfr.org/interactives/global-conflict-tracker#!/conflict/nagorno-karabakh-conflict). There has been increased pressure from the global community to find a resolution, but the only resolutions that can be agreed upon by both parties is to work towards peace. A similar contentious conflict is one occurring in the the South China Sea. China is looking to assert its dominance in the region by increasing military presence, claiming territory, and building their own islands to create loopholes in international maritime law. “Recently, tensions have continued to worsen as countries, such as the United States, have attempted to get involved and aid the effort to remedy the situation,” (harvardmun.org/assets/pdfs/guides/UNRC.pdf). The United States has sent their navy into the region to affirm to China the importance of peace in the region. Other resolutions that were put on the tables where ones such as dividing and working around China’s claims to the area. The most effective resolution has been the threat of sanctions if China continues its subliminal imperialistic aggression in the area. Argentina acknowledges that there are many dimensions to the conflict between Armenia and Azerbaijan in the Nagorno-Karabakh region. The republic recognizes both sides and fully understands each points of view and is committed to working with Armenia and Azerbaijan to deescalate the tension. Argentina believes that the conflict should be resolved by letting the people in the region to have a referendum to vote which country they would like to belong to or if the region should become its own recognized autonomous state. However, Argentina is open to any and all suggestions that work towards a peaceful resolution in favor of both parties. It should be noted that Argentina does have a large Armenian population of roughly 148,000 (joshuaproject.net/people_groups/10429/AR) many of which are descendants of those who fled the Armenian Genocide. This means that Argentina does not deny the existence of the Armenian Genocide and accepts it as a factual event (www.armenian-genocide.org/recognition_countries.html) that led to the deaths of countless Armenians. Argentina supports the notion that there should be more spotlight on this conflict as well as the formation of a UN committee specifically designed towards the deescalation within the region and ensures there is increased communication between Armenia and Azerbaijan to bring end to the needless bloodshed of neighbors. ReferencesHarvard Model United Nations. A background guide for the UNHRC. 2017, harvardmun.org/assets/pdfs/guides/UNRC.pdfThe Editors of Encyclopædia Britannica. “Nagorno-Karabakh.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 28 May 2013, www.britannica.com/place/Nagorno-Karabakh.”Global Conflict Tracker.” Council on Foreign Relations, Council on Foreign Relations, www.cfr.org/interactives/global-conflict-tracker#!/conflict/nagorno-karabakh-conflict.”Armenian in Argentina .” Joshua Project, joshuaproject.net/people_groups/10429/AR.”Countries That Recognize the Armenian Genocide.” Countries That Recognize the Armenian Genocide, www.armenian-genocide.org/recognition_countries.html.