Questions! an old turkey, the only meat they had.

Questions! (and Answers)What is the national dish? ?(Mole. Duh.)National Food of Mexico: Mole”Mole (m?h-l?y) is the national dish of Mexico: a tantalizing sauce made from sautéed onions and garlic combined with exotic spices and herbs, ground nuts (such as almonds, pumpkin seeds or sesame seeds) and chiles, simmered with dark bittersweet chocolate.”(motherearthliving.com)Types of mole:Mole RojoCacahuatl ChiliMole VerdeMole NegroMole AmarilloMole ColoraditoMole ChichiloMole ManchamantelMole Poblano (classic)And so many more!Who made the first dish? ? (See ‘Where did it originate?’)Where does it originate?  ?Where originated  is debatable – Is associated with the towns of  Oaxaca and PueblaDifferent versions of legend16th Century nuns from the Convent of Santa Rosa in Puebla de los Angeles, after hearing that Archbishop was coming for a visit, went into a panic because they had nothing to serve him. They  started praying desperately and an angel came to inspire them. They began chopping and grinding and roasting, mixing over 20 other ingredients. It boiled for hours and was served with an old turkey, the only meat they had. The Archbishop loved it and Mole spread throughout mexico along with ChristianityThe other legend states that mole came from pre-hispanic times and that Aztec king, Montezuma, thinking the conquistadors were gods, served mole to Cortez. This legend is believed to be true  because the word mole comes from the Nahuatl word “milli” which means sauce or “concoction”.Chef and author Diana Kennedy, says that it was 16th century monk Fray Pascual who was preparing a banquet for the archbishop, when a sudden gust of wind swept a tray of spices over turkeys that were cooking in cazuelas over the fire.The origins of mole poblano may be found in the Persian cuisine which was adopted by Muslims in Baghdad and spread to other Muslim cities, from the eighth century onward. The south part of the Iberian Peninsula, termed al-Andalus, also came under Muslim control in the eighth century, resulting in the spread of many non-native foods and crops to the region. Over hundreds of years popular dishes from al-Andalus were adopted by nearby Christian Europe, sometimes replacing one ingredient for another within recipes. As Spain gained territory in America during the 16th century, their cuisine traveled with them, including that which had originally been adopted from the Muslims. Theory – Mole was created through the replacement of some of the usual Spanish ingredients with one’s native to America.Why is it the national dish? ? (See ‘Where does it originate?’)It spread throughout Mexico according to some legends.What is the recipe?/ What are the ingredients?  ? (See ‘What is the national dish?’)How does it influence the culture today? ?The process of making mole is time-consuming. Legend tells that the person making the mole should never become angry since this will spoil the sauce. Different versions of mole  are served during celebratory times, such as butchering festivals. People prepare the sauce communally and establish an altar to ensure an ample harvest during the upcoming year. Other versions of the sauce, such as huaxmole, are also served over goat and prepared for holy days and festivals.Mole Poblano is not served as frequently throughout Mexico as it once was. However, it maintains a special place in the heart of Mexican people and their families. Today, only the most authentic Mexican restaurants still make the sauce.No one knows exactly when mole originated, but the first written recipes for mole only came into existence after the War of Independence in 1810, a very important time in history for Mexico. It stuck with Mexico through their hardships and is still evident in Mexican culture today.How did it become popular? ?It spread all throughout Mexico (See ‘Where did it originate’)How long does it take to make?  ? (See recipe)Was it served at any important historical  events? ? See (‘Where did it originate?’)There is no physical proof of mole being served at historical events. Some say that mole came from pre-hispanic times and that Aztec king thought conquistadors were gods and served mole to Hernan Cortez. So the answer to this question is debatable.Is it religious in any way? How? ? (See ‘How does it influence the culture today?’)Although it is sometimes served at religious ceremonies, it is not considered religious.How was it created? ? (See ‘Where did it originate?’)People believe different things according to the legends. Works Cited Cocking, Lauren. “A Brief History Of Mole, Mexico’s National Dish.” theculturetrip, 10 Nov. 2016, www.theculturetrip.com/north-america/mexico/articles/a-brief-history-of-mole-mexicos-national-dish/. Accessed 2018.Graber, Karen Hursh. “Demystifying mole, Mexico’s national dish.” Mexconnect, 1 Jan. 2003, www.mexconnect.com/articles/2122-demystifying-mole-mexico-s-national-dish. Accessed 2018.”MOLE POBLANO.” Food Origins, tenochtitlan.omeka.net/exhibits/show/molepoblano. Accessed 2018.”Mole Poblano: A Traditional Mexican Dish.” Benito’s, benitosmexican.com/mexican-food/mole-poblano-a-history-of-the-traditional-mexican-dish/”Mole Poblano: Mexico’s National Food Dish.” mexonline, www.mexonline.com/molepoblano.htm. Accessed 2 Jan. 2018.Nosowitz, Dan. “Everything You Know About Mole Sauce Is A Lie.” Atlas Obscura, 12 June 2016, www.atlasobscura.com/articles/everything-you-know-about-mole-sauce-is-a-lie.”Mole Sauce: The National Dish of Mexico.” Mother Earth Living, May 2008,     www.motherearthliving.com/Cooking-Methods/mole-magica. Accessed 3 Jan.     2018. “Estella’s Mole Poblano Chicken.” Cooking Channel, 2018,    www.cookingchanneltv.com/recipes/chuck-hughes/     estellas-mole-poblano-chicken-2042235. Accessed 4 Jan. 2018. Images:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mole_sauce

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