Position a plus for Iraqi youth, giving them more

Position Paper for the UNESCO The UNESCO collaborates international cooperation in education, science, culture, and communication. Its main concern is that each child and citizen has the right quality education, grows in places rich in diversity, can benefit from scientific advances, and has full freedom of expression. Iraq is a member of the UNESCO and is emphasizing on the points that are ‘Engaging and Empowering Youth Through Access to Technology and Media’ and ‘Safeguarding Cultural Heritage of War-torn Nation States.’ Engaging and Empowering Youth Through Access to Technology and Media Iraq is an Asian country with an area of 437,072 km² and a population of 38.2 million (2017) yet it has one of the least internet penetration rates; therefore, the transfer of scientific knowledge and technology for youth has been on a delay, limiting the country from prospering in its scientific discoveries. The country still faces lack of freedom of the press within the media, which also leads to lack of communication among the youth also between youth and the government.  The country needs to take immediate actions to help the youth conquer the future. One of the first steps they should take is focusing on a diversity of youth around the country, doing so would help youth overcome communication issues because then they would learn from each other and that is the most effective way of learning. The Article 36 of the Iraqi’s constitution supports freedom of the press in the media in all ways, this is definitely a plus for Iraqi youth, giving them more freedom to express what they believe in. Iraq is a developing country trying to improve its youth so it could form a better future. With focusing on a few problems the youth face, like education, communication, and the internet access, Iraq would build stronger and smarter youth. When the problems of the youth’s educational system are reduced, the county’s problems would reduce over some time.  Safeguarding Cultural Heritage of War-torn Nation States Cultural heritage is known to be built heritage; like museums, churches, mosques, ancient structures and sites. Societies try to protect their cultural heritage for many reasons ranging from education to historical research to cultural identity. During war, cultural heritage becomes very important and it may become a target for the enemy that is trying to take away cultural identity from the other country. We saw footage of ISIL fighters a couple years ago, using sledgehammers to destroy a 3000 years old statue in Mosul museum, and bombs to destroy the ancient city of Iraq, Nimrud. On February 12th, the UN Security Council acquired the resolution 2199, that strongly disapproves of the destruction of cultural heritage and counters illegal trade of antiquities and cultural objects. Director-General of the UNESCO, Irina Bokova, said “there can be no purely military solution to this crisis. To fight fanaticism, we also need to reinforce education, a defence against hatred, and protect heritage, which helps forge collective identity.”  To combat illegal trafficking of cultural heritage, reports encourage Member States. Mostly police, costumes and art market officials, to take the strongest measures when it comes to online sales and strengthen their relationship with the private sector         

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