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Phillip TeMs. FoleyAP Language23 November 2017Interactions Between Humans and Animals Zoos and aquariums are great places to visit for a family with little children. It is exciting to see the many animals living in their respective environments. There are the many dangers and disadvantages that exist for animals kept in zoos and aquariums, but these places are the most ideal for animals to live in. Humans have struggled to assist and do productive studies on animals, which result in lack of research. The safety of zoos and aquariums for animals is evident, as seen by millions of people a year. Habitat loss is not to be worried about for animals in zoos and aquariums, considering how much care they receive.  David M. Kennedy, a writer of technology website “Technology Review” founded by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, writes how animal conservationists are trying to save animals from extinction. To be most efficient, “U.S. Fish And Wildlife Service joined other government agencies and a number of conservation groups” to help species live longer (Kennedy). Poaching is impossible for animals that are not living in the wild, so there is no worry for any kind of hunting. With more animals being protected even outside of zoos, hunting is becoming harder. Though, for some, hunting is necessary in order to survive. The locations of zoos, such as way from rain, ensure that animals will not have to be concerned about major climate changes. When heat or rain comes, shelter is available for these conditions. A major topic is disease. In the wild, animals are prone to contract diseases from plants or other species. This can potentially kill off an entire group in a certain area. In zoos, animals get vaccines so there is less possibility of dying of disease. A benefit of animals living in zoos and aquariums also benefits humans. Scientists can study animals closely to see their diet, sleep patterns, etc.. In the wild, conservation centers have to be set up in a specific environment to study a range of animals in the particular habitat. This consumes much money and resources compared to the ease of research in zoos. A problem that can occur is the lack of study of animals up close, which hurts research. An example of an animal conservation site is the Wildlife Conservation Society. Donny Gunaryadi and other researchers study the relationships between elephants and other animals. They are in a position to study elephants, specifically in Indonesia. Conservation sites can be close to zoos, depending on the location, which is extremely beneficial to researchers (Gunaryadi). The “Southern Forest Resource Assessment”, a report by dozens of scientists, explores the habitat of forests and how animals interact in this environment (Wear and Greis). A major focus of this report is of rapid changes of a region’s forests and how it affects the animals living there. Deforestation removes the homes of hundreds of species, who have nowhere else to live. Green Party’s Jill Stein promotes environmentalism and safety of endangered species. The showcase of animals being viewed by millions of people every year raises questions. Some may think of how to help endangered animals after hearing their tour guide talking about it. Others may want to donate toward animal conservation efforts. In a study done by P.A. Lindsey and others, trophy hunting was their primary focus, with their studies showing how people would try to reject hunting to conserve animals. Hunters would “hunt in areas lacking high densities of wildlife or attractive scenery” as a change. (Lindsey). After getting information like this, people other than scientists would somehow want to have the will to save animals in any shape or form. With the assistance of the public, wildlife conservationists would significantly do better with their research and efforts. Funding and community projects by the people are already assuring the safety of animals. With the many advantages of living in the zoo, there are the disadvantages, too. People who have a strong stance against keeping animals in zoos are animal welfare advocates. It is stated that zoos cause animals to be separated from other species with their confined enclosures, which restrict movement. They can also develop illnesses that cannot be cured too easily. Most of these issues are evident in larger animals. An example of this kind of captivity is at aquariums, specifically Seaworld. A worrying topic at a place like Seaworld is the amount of space animals have to swim. The killer whale, a very popular animal to watch, has limited room to swim around, so it resorts to swimming in circles.  Seaworld may say that they are keeping animals safe from other threats, but the reality is that their real home is in the vast ocean, where they are free. Zoos may try to replicate animals’ natural habitats, but really, this is impossible as the zoo is in a fixed place, home to species that live all over the world. Zoo are to entertain visitors with animals doing acts to satisfy viewers, but they become depressed because they cannot live naturally. Secretly, zoos are becoming more for earning money, and less for keeping animals safe. It is proven that many animals kept in zoos are not endangered and they are more for entertainment purposes. With many children visiting zoos, it can be assumed that they would learn more about animals. In a study by Scholastic, “many people report that they’ve learned nothing after seeing the exhibits”(Scholastic). It is believable since people come to the zoo to look at animals, not really to learn about them. With the many points why zoos and aquariums are a poor environment to live in, improvements can definitely be made for humans and animals alike. Animals can have bigger enclosures to better mimic a real habitat, which can satisfy every species. If zoos were not being focused more on earning money, the animals would be more content with themselves. This also goes for entertainment; it should be better for both animals and visitors if everything went more naturally. The struggle humans have on research concerning animals can be stopped. Policies need to be set for the benefit of both humans and animals. This way, studies can be greatly improved to learn more about our environment and animals. The strong reasons that keep animals in zoos and aquariums is harmful cannot beat the advantages. The main reason is the safety. There is no safer place to keep animals when they are under constant surveillance. This is also a time to study animals easily without going to conservation centers around the world. The public’s help can assist scientists to do further research on animals. With some policies that can be put into place, zoos would an excellent place for animals to live in other than their natural habitat, with an ideal place for humans to study.Works Cited”Are zoos ethical?” Junior Scholastic/Current Events, 21 Nov. 2016, p. 22+. General Reference Center GOLD, Accessed 14 December 2017.Gunaryadi, Donny, et al. “Community-based human–elephant conflict mitigation: The value of an evidence-based approach in promoting the uptake of effective methods.” PLoS ONE. 5/16/2017, Vol. 12 Issue 5, p1-13. 13p. EBSCO,  doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0173742. Accessed 23 November 2017.Kennedy, David M. “What’s new at the zoo?” Technology Review, Apr. 1987, p. 66+. General Reference Center GOLD, Accessed 23 November 2017.Lindsey, P. A., Alexander, R., Frank, L. G., Mathieson, A. and Romañach, S. S. (2006), Potential of trophy hunting to create incentives for wildlife conservation in Africa where alternative wildlife-based land uses may not be viable. Animal Conservation, 9: 283–291. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1795.2006.00034.x. Accessed 7 December 2017.Wear, David N.; Greis, John G. 2002. Southern Forest Resource Assessment – Summary Report. Gen. Tech. Rep. SRS-54. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southern Research Station. 103 p. Accessed 23 November 2017.