Persuasion having a situation or character persuade others judgement.

Persuasion is achievement in altering one’s perception of a certain topic. William Shakespeare had a reputation of having a situation or character persuade others judgement. This is shown in Shakespeare’s play The Tragedy of Julius Caesar, When Brutus, a nobleman, trusted to Julius Caesar, is tricked into killing the Ancient Roman politician, Julius Caesar. Brutus eventually has to persuade the Roman people during Caesar’s funeral that his actions were honorable and for Rome’s best interest. Mark Antony was a good friend of Caesar that wants the people of Rome to know the problem behind Caesar’s murder. Antony wants the truth of Caesar’s death to come out no matter the outcome on Roman civilization, because he believes the people of Rome have the right to know. The truth that his murder was unjust and Caesar never did any wrong to the people of Rome. Antony wants justice for his friend Caesar’s death and his funeral oration is a way for him to persuade the audience and get the justice he seeks. Both Brutus and Antony use persuasive techniques to help the audience lean towards their viewpoint for whether or not the killing of Caesar was right. Between Mark Antony and Brutus, During Caesar’s funeral, Antony had the most persuasive oration in Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. The similarities between Antony and Brutus’ orations are few, however the those few similarities are apparent throughout both speeches. The two Romans both use some of the same persuasive techniques in their speeches. Both Brutus and Antony use repetition on the Roman audience to not only assure that their mentality was understood, but to emphasize the importance of the point repeated. Throughout the speech Brutus brings up how honorable he is. He does this to say his honor should make everything he says believable. “Believe me for mine honor, and have respect to mine honor that you may believe.” (JC.3.2.14-15). This quote shows that Brutus’ honor is something that he wants the citizens of Rome to understand the value of. Antony speaks on Brutus’ honor repeatedly in his oration in a sarcastic manner. “When that poor have cried, Caesar hath wept… Yet Brutus is an honorable man.” (JC.3.2.82-92). The sarcastic manner belittles Brutus’ nobility and questions the righteousness behind Caesar’s death. This makes the audience question how honorable Brutus is. Therefore, making the audience question his credibility. Another persuasive technique used by both speakers are rhetorical questions. Brutus uses rhetorical questions to make the Roman people feel empathetic for his actions. “Who is here so vile that will not love his country?” (JC.3.2.30-31). This portion of the speech makes Romans question their morals and what they are willing to do because of the love they have for Rome. Mark Antony uses a rhetorical question to express shame on what is considered morally right and wrong in Roman society. “What cause withholds you then to mourn him?” (JC.3.3.101). He is asking why nobody mourns the death of Caesar and what could possibly stop them from mourning. The rhetorical questions allow the audience to use their common sense to reevaluate any objecting opinions. The similarities in the two arguments are an important factor in determining the greater argument. Although the similarities between the speeches are apparent, Antony still distinguished himself for having the most persuasive speech. The differences in Brutus and Antony’s speeches show why Antony’s speech was more persuasive. Brutus uses his honor as credibility for what he says. However, Antony debunks Brutus’ credibility by proving to the crowd that he is no honorable man. Antony does not make his argument stronger in the process, but makes Brutus’ weaker. “I will not do them wrong … such honourable men.” (JC.3.2.123-125). Brutus only showed the audience he was credible, he did not show the Romans why they should trust him. Trust plays a big role in whether or not an individual believes the speaker. Another difference in the speeches is that Brutus fails to use Anecdotes and Antony has them throughout his entire speech. “You all did see that on the Lupercal I thrice presented him a kingly crown, which he did thrice refuse.” (JC.3.2.93-95). This shows Antony with the audience thinking back on one of the honorable things that Caesar did when he was alive. This mournful attitude allows Antony to connect with the audience on an emotional level. An anecdote allows the speaker and the audience to reminisce together. This is a way to connect with the Romans, which is a technique to persuade the audience. The power in Antony’s speech comes from how well he connects with the audience and makes them feel that siding with Brutus is immoral. The way in which Antony uses persuasion was done correctly on the audience and made his persuasive argument stronger. Antony does not go on the aggressive, but eases into his reasoning. This puts less stress on the audience when they decide who to believe. The audience resonates with the with the message better when emotion and sentimentality are compacted into the speech. “Poor soul! His eyes are as red as fire with weeping.” (JC.3.2.113). Antony’s method of easing into the truth behind Caesar’s death was smart of him. He was able to warm the audience up before completely changing their interpretation of the conspirators and how serious they took Antony.  “The evil that men lives after them; The good is oft interred with their bones.” (JC.3.2.74). This is Antony’s way of hinting to the wrongs done to Caesar without fully coming out and saying the evil done to him. The evil being the fact that Brutus and the other conspirators stabbed Caesar to death thinking that it would make Rome a better civilization. Furthermore, Antony’s display of morality and wisdom allows the Romans to think and digest what he claims. After they digest his claims they see his claims are logical and Brutus’ are brutish. Which Antony portrays: “O judgement! Thou art fled to brutish beasts.” (JC.3.2.102). Brutus spoke without reason. He tells the audience to believe him because he is noble. This only temporarily persuades the audience which is shown by how quickly the Romans change their opinions on Brutus’ character. They believe that he is as evil as Mark Antony suggests he is. “We’ll burn the house of Brutus.” (JC.3.3.222). This is what the citizens of Rome want to do to Brutus after Antony successfully persuaded them. Even though Mark Antony had the stronger persuasive piece, his speech is not perfect. There are flaws in Antony’s speech just like there are in Brutus’ speech. Antony uses assertion during the funeral oration. This means he stated something as if it was a fact with no evidence to support his claims. This is shown when he speaks on the conspirator’s mindset: “O judgement!Thou art fled to brutish beasts, And men have lost their reason.” (JC.3.2.102-103). The men he speaks of are the conspirators and how they came up with the worst possible solution to stop Caesar from destroying Democracy. Instead of dealing with the situation how politicians in Rome normally handle an issue within their democracy, the conspirators chose the barbaric path and brutally murdered Julius Caesar. Antony says that men have lost their reason but does not say who the men are and does not provide evidence to show that they were not reasonable. This persuasive techniques flaw is that there is no credibility behind the words. This means Antony made a claim and did not have to provide any new source of credibility. The issue with this is that he does not need any new source of credibility nor does he have any even to provide. Providing the only credibility he has, which would be the belittling of Brutus’ honor would be redundant because he already provided the same credibility for his previous argument. Antony states his claim in a factual manner and does not provide evidence due to the fact that redundancy can make the audience overlook the point the speaker is trying to make. He already stated his proof of credibility, there is no need to do that after he states his point. His previous evidence is powerful enough to carry over into his next statement. Providing the same source of credibility would be overkill on the Romans. Antony and Brutus’ speeches for Caesar’s funeral were both persuasive, although Antony’s had a greater effect on the Romans in William Shakespeare’s The Tragedy of Julius Caesar. The similarities in both speeches, repetition and rhetorical questions, show that the two speakers think somewhat alike. But the differences show that there is a clear margin in persuasive skills. Brutus uses his honor as a form of credibility. However Antony, ingeniously proves Brutus’ honorable actions are inconsistent by proving that murdering Caesar was dishonorable. Killing  Brutus’ argument in the process. Antony’s persuasive argumentative speech  had a stronger effect on the audience due to the fact that he proved all of Brutus’ points wrong and immoral. Antony persuades the audience and they became infuriated with the  information he provides. The audience turned into a mob and this marked the beginning of the end of Ancient Rome. The audience dictates the future of the civilization, yet they were persuaded by a man’s speech that had the power to cause the civilization to implode.