Overall increased numbers, it is essential to start educating

Overall the studies support the research
question presented, in that the health benefits of a vegan diet outweigh the
potential downfalls. Additionally, a vegan diet can decrease the prevalence of
obesity as well as help overweight or obese individuals lose weight. From all
three correlational studies, following a vegan, plant-based diet has shown declines
in cardiovascular disease, hypertension, type II diabetes, and obesity across
America. While a vegan diet is associated with benefits, it can present vitamin
deficiencies; thus, it is important to take appropriate vitamin and mineral
supplements. Vitamin B12 and vitamin B deficiencies are the most
common along with low levels of fatty acids, iron, and calcium (Macknin et al,
2015).

Even though each study focused on a specific
target population – Adventists, obese children, and working adults; the results
from each study were similar in that the effects of adopting a vegan diet are
beneficial to not only the individual’s health but also in lowering the
nationwide obesity epidemic. As previously mentioned, obesity in America is exponentially
rising. According to the CDC, 70.7% of Americans, including children and
adults, are either overweight or obese (Gussone, 2017). Overweight and obese
children are more likely to stay obese as well as develop other chronic health
problems that can lead to a premature death. Due to these increased numbers, it
is essential to start educating children and adolescents about healthy food
options, meal preparation, and the effects of diet on health.

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The review of these studies implies that
following a vegan diet can decrease the chance of individuals developing chronic
health problems, which can ultimately increase life expectancy as well as
decrease premature deaths – dying before the age of 65 years old. In addition
to unhealthy food and a sedentary lifestyle, there is another possible reason
for the rising obesity rates: sleep deprivation. Lack of sleep is a risk factor
for childhood and adult obesity (Gussone, 2017). Individuals who are sleep
deprived may be too tired to exercise and cause them to consume more calories
as well as experience hormone changes that can affect appetite.

In conclusion, the negative effects of the
obesity epidemic are overwhelming and devastating. Obesity can lead to hypertension,
type II diabetes, heart disease, and a stroke, which are serious health
conditions that are responsible for the death of millions of Americans
annually. Preventing obesity through diet, specifically a vegan diet, is an effective
step to decreasing the prevalence of the aforementioned health conditions as
well as relieving the burden on the American health care system; which makes up
$190 billion a year in weight-related medical bills (Gussone, 2017). 

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