On September 11th, 2001, four planes were hijacked by

On September 11th, 2001, four planes were hijacked by al- Qaeda terrorists in New York City mostly due to America’s support of Israel in the Persian Gulf War. As these events happened on an incidental day, former President Bush was making an appearance at an elementary school, for security concerns he was moved to Florida. But later that day he returned to the White House at 9 pm to give a broadcasted speech to the citizens of the United States.    Throughout Bush’s speech, he uses terms such as “we”, “our”, and “us” to show Americans that they create one community- him included. In contrast, he also says “I implemented our government’s emergency response plans.” and “I appreciate so very much the members of Congress who have joined me. . .” (Bush 2001) to demonstrate that he is also in a higher position that can be trusted. Both of these points of views give Bush the image of a citizen, like the population, and also a strong figure of authority, protecting those citizens. These previous examples give Bush ethos because it identifies his character, allows him to connect with the audience, and prove himself as strong. Next, Bush stated his decision process and how it will effect/ has affected the citizens. He describes the steps he took after the attacks in order to attain control of the situations and furthermore, how to prevent it. First, he executed the emergency response plan from the government after the first attack. Then he touches on the economy, functions of the governments, and federal agencies. His listed procedures ultimately reassured American citizens that they were safe and secure in their neighborhoods. Although most people thought they were safe to proceed with daily activities earlier that morning, the straightforward facts acted as a safety- belt for their mind. His stated plan was seen as reassuring to Americans, therefore giving them a logical and literal way to comprehend the events. Finally, the most prominent proof throughout the speech is pathos. Overall his choice of words such as “strong”, “shining”, “justice”, and “peace” (2001) ties into his main message of America’s core foundation. He believed the attacks were done in order to frighten the U.S. and take away the light of opportunities and freedoms which lay in America’s foundation. Bush followed up with “terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve.” (2001) proving although the terrorists may physically hurt citizens, they cannot take away the unity and persistence, prominent before the attacks. The three proofs, when used together, persuade Americans to not be frightened, as the U.S. is powerful. For example, this can be seen as Bush says “this is a day when all Americans from every walk of life unite in our resolve for justice and peace. America has stood down enemies before, and we will do so this time.” (2001.) Ethos is established when he references to Americans as one- past and present- showing strength through all times. Pathos is clear in the powerful word choices he uses: “unite”, “justice”, and “peace”. His example credits past events in American history and also proving that America can make it through this, as they made it through other tough situations.  Ethos ties into each both logos and pathos very well since part of Bush’s character is referring to him with America and him as a protective figure. As a protective figure, logos is strong when he lays out his upcoming plans inspiring those with a more logical focus. His unified persona is strong in pathos as he describes that the only way America was harmed was physical. Logos and pathos connect strongly in the end of his speech when he quotes Psalm 23. The specific quote says as long as God is alongside, there is no fear. America began with a Christian focus, so quoting the Bible and asking for prayers is a form of emotional appeal. The Bible is one of the most known texts globally, so referencing it creates a safety.


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