Okay, so we are going on a mission to

Okay, so we are
going on a mission to the planet Venus, we have just landed and to our surprise
we found a domed structure. Entering we discover that it has the perfect
conditions for life to exist. The temperature, humidity was perfect never mind
the oxygen recycling system and the complex system for the production of food. To
simply put it the domed structure mirrored the intricate self-regulating system
displayed by earth. Therefore, conclusion would we come to for discover this
structure? Would we assume that it just happened to form chance?  Absolutely not. We would conclude that the
domed structured was designed by a greater being.


As the cosmological
agreements conclude that God must exist as the cause of the universe’s
existence, the theological arguments are ‘intended to support the claim that
God exists as the cause of the universe’s order.’1
The arguments reveal that the existence of order in the universe is best
explained by the universe’s having been designed, by a great designer.

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In recent years,
increasing attention has been drawn to the aspect of “fine tuning” in nature.2 There
are two types of “fine tuning” the first involves nature’s constants and the
second involves certain arbitrary quantities. So, what’s what? First, the laws
of nature are expressed as mathematical equations, take the force of gravity
and the electromagnetic force, these are unchanging quantities called
constants.3 However,
the laws of nature do not decide the value of these constants. Second, there
are certain arbitrary quantities that are just put in as initial conditions on
which the laws of nature operate, these also are not decided by the laws of
nature.4 Furthermore,
it has been a great surprise to scientists when they discovered that these
constants and quantities must fall into phenomenal tight range of values for
the universe to be right for life to exist – this is fine tuning.  


So, the universe
is fine-tuned perfect conditions to make life possible. The fact that these are
necessary conditions for the existence of life as we know it, and all are
balanced on a razor’s edge. Just a slight variation from the actual values of
the constants and quantities would render life impossible.5 According
to Australian physicist Brandon Carter, “if gravity had been stronger or weaker
by one part in 1040, then life sustaining stars like the sun could
not exist, this would most likely make life impossible.”6


How does this
point to the existence of God? Observing the precision of fine tuning we see
that the conditions are ‘just right’ for life. It is unbelievable to think as we
are “balanced on a razors edge” that it could have happened by chance. The
observation of fine tuning is consistent with Christian belief in a creator
God.7 Although
it could have just happened without a Creator, “does it make sense to live as
if that infinitely remote chance is true?”8 Nevertheless,
the Christian worldview affirms that the universe is the handiwork of a
designer, we can witness this throughout Scripture, specifically in Genesis chapter
one. Christian theism accepts that God designed this perfectly fine-tuned
universe. For those who do not accept that God designed the universe then who
or what did?


Can we be good
without God? William Sorley who was a professor of moral philosophy at
Cambridge University highlights, “that there is an objective moral order, which
is as real and independent of us as the natural order of things.”9 He
recognises that both the moral order and natural order on a similar level, for
in one sense we can’t prove that each value exists. Both the reality of the
world of objects and reality of the moral order rely on the basis of
experience. Each are part of reality. For, Sorley the only worldview which
could combine these two orders into the most comprehensible explanatory form –
was Christian theism. Only an infinite, eternal God.  

1 (Taylor, 2013, p.128)

2 (McGrath, 2012, p.98)

3 (Craig, 2010, p.108)

4 (Craig, 2010, p.108)

5 (Craig, 2008, p.158)

6 (Davies, 1984, p.242)

7 (McGrath, 2012, p.100)

8 (Keller, 2009, p.132)

(Craig, 2010, p.128)