LocationTTrackingTSystemT AnkurTChandra,TShashankTJain,TMohammedTAbdulTQadeer,T”ImplementationTofTLocationTAwarenessTandTSharingTSystemTBasedTonTGPSTandTGPRSTUsingTJ2ME,TPHPTandTMYSQL”,T3rdTInternationalTConferenceTonTComputerTResearchTandTDevelopment,TShanghai,T11-13T TMarchT2011,TppT216-220,TDOI:T10.1109/ICCRDT .2011.5764007.T T [11]TKumarTS,TQadeerTMTA,TGuptaTA,T”LocationTbasedTservicesTusingTandroidT(LBSOID)”,TInternationalTConferenceTonTInternetTMultimediaTServicesTArchitectureTandTApplications,TBangalore,9-11TDec.T2009,ppT1-5,TISBNT978-1-4244-4792-3,TDOIT:10.1109/IMSAA.2009.54T39442.T T [12]TJunhuiTZhao,TCaiMuZheng,TDiTZhou,T”DesignTandT TImplementationTofTaTlocationTbasedTserviceTplatform”,T10thT

LocationTTrackingTSystemT

                                             Tp.karithkeyan1,p.tamilan1,TSivakumar.V2

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1TUGTStudent,TDepartmentTofTIT,TAdhiyamaanTCollageTofTEngineeringT(Autonomous),THosur,TTamilTnadu,

2AssistantTProfessor,TDepartmentTofTIT,TAdhiyamaanTCollageTofTEngineeringT(Autonomous),THosur,TTamilTnadu

T                                                           
Email:[email protected],[email protected]

T

T

TABSTRACT

 Location Tracking System is used to find the locationit tracking system sumulating in web sites and mobile applications. inthis project, the admin and the users will have this application in their androi phone when the user login to the system, his GPS location will be updated to the admin as well as to the users. The role of the admin is to add new object by entering his personal

 

TINTRODUCTIONT

TheTtechnologyTofTlocatingTisTbasedTonTGOOGLETSERVICESTusesTtheTconceptTthatTaTpoweredTmobileTphoneTalwaysTcommunicatesTwirelesslyTwithToneTofTtheTclosestTbaseTstations,TsoTknowledgeTofTtheTlocationTofTtheTbaseTstationTimpliesTtheTcellTphoneTisTnearby.

 

AdvancedTsystemsTdetermineTtheTsectorTinTwhichTtheTmobileTphoneTisTlocatedTandTroughlyTestimateTalsoTtheTdistanceTtoTtheTbaseTstation.TFurtherTapproximationTcanTbeTdoneTbyTinterpolatingTsignalsTbetweenTtowers.TQualifiedTservicesTmayTachieveTaTprecisionTofTdownTtoTearth

TinTurbanTareasTwhereTmobileTtrafficTandTdensityTofTantennaTtowersT(baseTstations)TisTsufficientlyThigh.citationTneededTRuralTandTdesolateTareasTmayTseeTmilesTbetweenTbaseTstationsTandTthereforeTdetermineTlocationsTlessTprecisely.

 

GSMTlocalizationTusesTmultilaterationTtoTdetermineTtheTlocationTofTGSMTmobileTphones,TorTdedicatedTtrackers,TusuallyTwithTtheTintentTtoTlocateTtheTuser.2T

TheTdeviceTcanTeassantialTforTfamilyTtoTfindT

TheTfamilyTmumbersTareTwhichTlocationT

TmobileTinternetTtechnologyTandTwideTusageTofTSmartTPhones,TmoreTattentionsThaveTbeenTgivenTtoTnetworkTaccessTtechniques(GPS)TandTinteractiveTapplicationsTthroughTmobileTphones.TAndroidTorTwebsiteTlinkeTwhichTisTanTopenTsourceThasTbecomeTmostTpopularTsmartTphoneTusedTbyTpeople.TInTrecentTyears,TmoreTandTmoreTpeopleThaveTstartedTusingTtheTsmartTphone,Tlaptop,Tpad,imac,ect..TTheTnumberTofTsmartTphoneTusersTisTexpectedTtoTreachT15TbillionTaboveTbyT2018.T

TrackingTorTdetectingTtheTpositionTofTpeopleTisTveryTimportantTforTvariousTreasonsTsuchTasTidentifyingTtheTculprit,TtoTnotifyTfriendsTaboutTseriousTissues,TtoTconveyTanTimportantTmessageTetc.TForTthisTpurpose,TGlobalTPositioningTSystemT(GPS)TisTbeingTusedTwidely.TThisTpaperTproposesTtheTPositionTDetectionTandTTrackingTsystemTusingTAndroidTorTwebsiteTwhichTcanTbeTusedTtoTtrackTfriendsTandTfamilyTmembers.T

TRELATEDTWORKT

theTdescribesTaTsystemTwhichTisTusedTtoTlocateTfriends,Tfamily,missTtTseTbyTusingTGPSTandTStandardTwebTtechnology.TThisTsystemTisTimplementedTusingTJ2MET&TJavaScript,TtheTrepositoryTandTtheTwebTclientTisTimplementedTusingTPHPTandTMySQL.TSiriteanuTA.et.Tal.T2TpresentsTtheTcreationTofTSocialTNetworkTinTwhichTtheTusersTareTbeingTalertedTwhenTtheirTfriendsTareTaround.TAvailableTAndroidTlocationTservicesTlikeTGPSTtechnology,TwirelessTandTmobileTtowersTareTusedTtoTfindTanTapproximateTlocationTofTaTmobileTphoneTrunningTthisTprogramTandTthenTsharingTtheTlocationTinformationTthroughTtheTMeetTYouTorTviaTSMS.T

3TdescribesTaTsystemTusingTwhichTyouTcanTlocateTtheTmobileTdeviceTusingTanotherTmobileTdeviceTbyTevenTsittingTatTyourThome.TTheTsystemTonlyTrequiresTtheTinbuiltTGPSTandTGPRSTinTtheTdeviceTwhoseTlocationTisTtoTbeTtracked.T”WhereTareTyou?T–TATLocationTAwarenessTSystem”TisTaTprojectTthatThelpsTyouTtoTlocateTaTfriendTorTaTknownTpersonTwithoutTinformingTthatTperson.TLiTLiu.et.Tal.T4TexplainsTtheTdesignTandTimplementationTofTAndroidTmobileToperatingTsystemTbasedTgroupTcommunicationTandTnavigationTsystem.TByTuseTofTGPSTandTGoogleTMap,TtheTsystemTimplementsTaTgeographicTlocationTandTrouteTplanningTbetweenTuserTandThisTfriend.TTheTsystemTprovidesTaTconvenientTandTefficientTplatformTforTusersTtravelTandTconnectionTbetweenTfriends.T

ShresthaTR.et.Tal.T5TpresentsTandroid-basedTlocationTandTmessageTsharingTsystemTwhichTprovidesTaTsecuredTtwoTwayTcommunicationTbetweenTwebTserverTandTandroidTbasedTapplication.TTheTproposedTsystemTusesTJavaTprogrammingTlanguageTforTandroidTmobileTuserTapplication,TPHPTprogrammingTlanguageTasTwebTserver,TMySQLTasTexternalTdatabaseTtoTstoreTtheTdata.TSymmetricTcryptographyTisTusedTtoTassureTsecuredTcommunicationTbetweenTandroidTdeviceTandTwebTserver.TChandraTA.et.Tal.T6TdiscussesTLocationTBasedTServiceTwhichTisTaTkeyTfactorTforTfutureTmobileTapplication.TTheTsystemTisTdevelopedTwithTJ2METAPITbasedTonTprovidingTlocationTbasedTserviceTusingTGPS.TTheTapplicationTisTimplementedTasTclientTserverTsystemTwhichThelpsTusersTtoTlocateTfriendsTandTfamilyTwithTwhomTheTwantsTtoTshareThisTlocation.T

T7TpresentsTLocationTBasedTServicesT(LBS)TforTmobileTapplicationsTusingTGlobalTPositioningTSystemT(GPS).TheTapplicationTisTimplementedTasTaTclient-serverTsystemTthatThelpsTusersTtoTlocateTtheirTfamilyTmembersTandTreceiveTalertsTwhenTfriendsTareTnearby.TMobileTapplicationTdevelopedTusingTJ2METAPITatTclientTsideTandTServerTwasTimplementedTusingTPHPTandTDatabaseTMySQLTwhichTisTopenTsource.TJTJayashree.et.Tal.T8TproposesTaTmobileTlocationTtrackingTapplicationTinTaTcellularTmobileTnetworkTbasedTonTLocationTBasedTService.TTheTproposedTsystemTisTimplementedTasTaTclientTserverTsystemTthatThelpsTtheTusersTtoTlocateTtheirTfriendsTandTreceiveTalertsTwheneverTtheyTareTnearby.T

TPROPOSEDTSYSTEMT

TheTpaperTdescribesTpositionTdetectionTandTtrackingTsystemTwhichThasTtheTfollowingTthreeTobjectives:T

¾  DevelopTanTandroidTapplicationTwhichTcanTbeTusedTtoTlocateTtheTpositionTofTtheTfriendsTandTfamilyTmembers.T

 

¾  TheTdataTcanTTsharedTonline.T

SomeTadvantagesTareT

•       End userTtracksThis/herTownTposition.T

•       UserTcanTtrackTpositionTofTfriendsTandTfamilyTmember.T

•       ItTcanTbeTusedTforTaTsocialTmediaTnetwork.T

TSomeTDisadvantagesTareTnetworkTconnection

TApplicationTcanTbeTusedTwithTgpsTenabled

 

TTECHNOLOGYTBACKGROUNDT

TheTlocationTofTaTmobileTphoneTcanTbeTdeterminedTusingTtheTserviceTprovider’sTnetworkTinfrastructure.TTheTadvantageTofTnetwork-basedTtechniques,TfromTaTserviceTprovider’sTpointTofTview,TisTthatTtheyTcanTbeTimplementedTnon-intrusivelyTwithoutTaffectingThandsets.TNetwork-basedTtechniquesTwereTdevelopedTmanyTyearsTpriorTtoTtheTwidespreadTavailabilityTofTGPSTonThandsets.T(SeeTUST5519760,TissuedT21TMayT1996TforToneTofTtheTfirstTworksTrelatingTtoTthis.3)

 

TheTaccuracyTofTnetwork-basedTtechniquesTvaries,TwithTcellTidentificationTasTtheTleastTaccurateTandTtriangulationTasTmoderatelyTaccurate,TandTnewerT”advancedTforwardTlinkTtrilateration”TtimingTmethodsTasTtheTmostTaccurate.TTheTaccuracyTofTnetwork-basedTtechniquesTisTbothTdependentTonTtheTconcentrationTofTcellTbaseTstations,TwithTurbanTenvironmentsTachievingTtheThighestTpossibleTaccuracyTbecauseTofTtheThigherTnumberTofTcellTtowers,TandTtheTimplementationTofTtheTmostTcurrentTtimingTmethods.

 

OneTofTtheTkeyTchallengesTofTnetwork-basedTtechniquesTisTtheTrequirementTtoTworkTcloselyTwithTtheTserviceTprovider,TasTitTentailsTtheTinstallationTofThardwareTandTsoftwareTwithinTtheToperator’sTinfrastructure.TFrequentlyTtheTcompulsionTassociatedTwithTaTlegislativeTframework,TsuchTasTEnhancedT9-1-1,TisTrequiredTbeforeTaTserviceTproviderTwillTdeployTaTsolution.

 

equippedTwithTGPSTthenTsignificantlyTmoreTpreciseTlocationTinformationTcanTbeTthenTsentTfromTtheThandsetTtoTtheTcarrier.

 

AnotherTapproachTisTtoTuseTaTfingerprinting-basedTtechnique,567TwhereTtheT”signature”TofTtheThomeTandTneighboringTcellsTsignalTstrengthsTatTdifferentTpointsTinTtheTareaTofTinterestTisTrecordedTbyTwar-drivingTandTmatchedTinTreal-timeTtoTdetermineTtheThandsetTlocation.TThisTisTusuallyTperformedTindependentTfromTtheTcarrier.

TGMS

HybridTpositioningTsystemsTuseTaTcombinationTofTnetwork-basedTandThandset-basedTtechnologiesTforTlocationTdetermination.TOneTexampleTwouldTbeTsomeTmodesTofTAssistedTGPS,TwhichTcanTbothTuseTGPSTandTnetworkTinformationTtoTcomputeTtheTlocation.TBothTtypesTofTdataTareTthusTusedTbyTtheTtelephoneTtoTmakeTtheTlocationTmoreTaccurateT(i.e.,TA-GPS).TAlternativelyTtrackingTwithTbothTsystemsTcanTalsoToccurTbyThavingTtheTphoneTattainTitsTGPS-locationTdirectlyTfromTtheTsatellites,TandTthenThavingTtheTinformationTsentTviaTtheTnetworkTtoTtheTpersonTthatTisTtryingTtoTlocateTtheTtelephone.TSuchTsystemsTincludeTGoogleTMaps,TasTwellTas,TLTE’sTOTDOA.

 

ThereTareTalsoThybridTpositioningTsystemsTwhichTcombineTseveralTdifferentTlocationTapproachesTtoTpositionTmobileTdevicesTbyTWi-Fi,TWiMAX,TGSM,TLTE,TIPTaddresses,TandTnetworkTenvironmentTdata.

 

TBearerTinterest

ATphone’sTlocationTcanTbeTuploadedTtoTaTcommonTwebsiteTwhereTone’sTfriendsTandTfamilyTcanTviewTone’sTlastTreportedTposition.TNewerTphonesTmayThaveTbuilt-inTGPSTreceiversTwhichTcouldTbeTusedTinTaTsimilarTfashion,TbutTwithTmuchThigherTaccuracy.TThisTisTcontroversial,TbecauseTdataTonTaTcommonTwebsiteTmeansTpeopleTwhoTareTnotT”friendsTandTfamily”TmayTbeTableTtoTviewTtheTinformation.

LocatingTorTpositioningTtouchesTuponTdelicateTprivacyTissues,TsinceTitTenablesTsomeoneTtoTcheckTwhereTaTpersonTisTwithoutTtheTperson’sTconsent.TStrictTethicsTandTsecurityTmeasuresTareTstronglyTrecommendedTforTservicesTthatTemployTpositioning.

TGPS

TTheTGlobalTPositioningTSystemT(GPS)TisTaTutilityTthatTprovidesTusersTwithTpositioning,Tnavigation,TandTtimingTservices.TThisTsystemTconsistsTofTthreeTsegments:TtheTspaceTsegment,TtheTcontrolTsegment,TandTtheTuserTsegment.TTheTspaceTsegmentTconsistsTofTaTnominalTconstellationTofT24ToperatingTsatellitesTthatTtransmitTone-wayTsignalsTthatTgiveTtheTcurrentTGPSTsatelliteTpositionTandTtime.TTheTControlTSegmentTtracksTtheTGPSTsatellites,TuploadsTupdatedTnavigationalTdata,TandTmaintainsThealthTandTstatusTofTtheTsatelliteTconstellation.TTheTuserTsegmentTconsistsTofTtheTGPSTreceiverTequipmentTandTusesTtheTtransmittedTinformationTtoTcalculateTtheTuser’sTthreedimensionalTpositionTandTtime.T

TAndroid

TmobileToperatingTsystemTwhichToffersTaTunifiedTapproachTtoTapplicationTdevelopment.TDevelopersTneedTtoTdevelopTapplicationsTusingTAndroidTandTtheseTapplicationsTcanTrunTonTnumerousTdifferentTdevices,TasTlongTasTtheTdevicesTareTpoweredTusingTAndroid.T

T

T

TGoogleTMaps

TGoogleTMapsTprovidesTaTmapTofTanTopenTApplicationTProgrammingTInterfaceT(GoogleTMapsTAPI).TDevelopersTcanTeasilyTlinkTtheTGoogleTMapsTserviceTtoTtheirTapplication.T

PHP:T

TPHPTisTaTserverTsideTscriptingTlanguageTthatTisTembeddedTinTHTML.TItTisTusedTtoTmanageTdynamicTcontent,Tdatabases,TsessionTtracking,TevenTbuildTentireTe-commerceTsitesTandTitTisTintegratedTwithTaTnumberTofTpopularTdatabases.T

TMyTSQLT

TMySQLTisTaTfast,Teasy-to-useTRDBMSTbeingTusedTforTmanyTsmallTandTbigTbusinesses.TMySQLTworksTonTmanyToperatingTsystemsTandTwithTmanyTlanguagesTincludingTPHP,TPERL,TJAVA,Tetc.TMySQLTworksTveryTquicklyTandTworksTwellTevenTwithTlargeTdataTsets.T

TPROPOSEDTSYSTEMTARCHITECTURET

TheTProposedTSystemTarchitectureTisTshownTinTFig.T1TandTconsistsTofTtheTfollowingTsixTmodules:T

1)   
MobileTclient.T

2)   
Repository.T

3)   
WebTclient.T

4)   
MapTservice.T

5)   
MessageTAlertTsystemTforTdetectionTofTPositionTofTFriends.T

6)   
DataT(Documents,TAudio,TVideo)TsharingTcenter.T

TRepository

TheTrepositoryTconsistsTofTallTtheTinformationTaboutTtheTusers,TlocationTmaps,TandTtheTlocation-relatedTresults.T

TWebTclient

TheTinformationTinTtheTrepositoryTcanTbeTmanagedTandTviewedTusingTtheTwebTclient.TTheTuserTreceivesTtheTlocationTinformationTfromTtheTwebTclientTonTtheirTmobiles.T

TMapTservice

TheTmapTserviceTisTanTagentTbasedTwhichTprovidesTbothTtheTmobileTandTtheTwebTclientTwithTmapTdata.TTheTmapTserviceTusesTGPSTtoTtrackTtheTpositionTofTfriendsTorTfamilyTmembers.TTheTlocationTinformationTisTupdatedTtoTwebTclientTeveryTtimeTbyTtheTmobileTphone.T

TMessageTAlertTsystem

TheTmessageTalertTsystemTdealsTwithTdetectingTpositionTofTourTfriendTandTfamilyTmemberTandTupdateTonTserver.TItTsendsTlocationTupdateTtoTtheTareTwithinTspecificTrangeTfromThim/her.TDataTsharingTcenter:T

ThisTmoduleTdealsTwithTsharingTofTdataTsuchTasTImage,TAudio,TVideoTandTDocumentTuserTwhenTfriends

 

T

TIMPLEMENTATIONT

TheTproposedTsystemTisTimplementedTusingTAndroid.TTheTdatabaseTusedTisTMySQLTandTuserTcanTaccessTtheTdatabaseTusingTPHPTasTinterface.TMobileTClientTsystemTconsistsTofTfiveTmodulesTsuchTasTRegister/LoginTmodule,TGPSTmodule,TNotificationTmodule,TDataTsharingTmoduleTandTChattingTmodule.T

TheTfunctioningTofTtheTproposedTsystemTisTasTshownTinTFig.2.TTheTDataTflowTdiagramTofTtheTproposedTsystemTisTasTdepictedTinTFig.T3.T

Register/LoginTmoduleTisTusedTtoTprovideTregistrationTofTnewTuserTandTloginTtoTtheTsystem.TRegisterTinterfaceTtakesTuserTinformationTandTafterTtheTregistrationTisTsuccessful,TuserTcanTloginTtoTtheTsystem.TTheTuserTisTvalidatedTusingTvalidateUser().T

GPSTmoduleTdealsTwithTpositionTbasedTservices.TUsingTthisTmodule,TuserTcanTfindThis/herTownTposition,TfriendTpositionTandTfamilyTmemberTposition.TTheTpositionTtrackerTtracksTtheTpositionTusingTtrackPosition()Tmethod.TTheTpositionTtrackerTcanTbeTsetTforTaTparticularTfriendTusingTsetTracker()TandTtheTtrackerTcanTbeTswitchedToffTusingTcancelTracker().TTheTlocationTofTaTparticularTfriendTwhoTisTtrackedTcanTbeTfoundTbyTgetLocation().T

 

 

 

 

 

DataTsharingTmoduleTdealsTwithTsharingTtheTdataTsuchTasTImage,TText,TAudioTandTVideo.TTheTuserTdesiredTfilesTcanTbeTuploadedTusingTimageUpload(),TuploadVideo(),TuploadDocument().TTheTdesiredTfilesTcanTbeTdownloadedTusingTdownloadDoc(),TdownloadVideo().TTheTimageTfilesTcanTbeTsavedTusingTsaveImage().T

T

TFigurTNotificationTmoduleTsendsTaTnotificationTtoTtheTuserTwhenThis/herTfriendsTorTfamilyTmembersTcomeTaroundTtheTuser’sTareaTofTdirection.TATnotificationTisTgivenTtoTtheTuserTinTtheTformTofTaTpopupTmessageThavingTtheTlocationTinformationTalongTwithTlightTeT132.FunctionalTmoduleTofTsystemTorTsoundTorTvibratiousingTNotification().T

T

TTheTexperimentalTsetupTconsistsTofTaTsingleTmachineTwhichTactsTasTserverTrunningTwindowsTOS,TanTandroidTLashTKariTA.H,TParhizkarTB,TRaman,T”WidgetTBasedTPositionTSystemT(WBPS)TAnTinnovativeTmobileTApplication”,TIEEETInternationalTConferenceTonTComputerTEngineeringTandTTechnology,TVolumeT2,16-18TAprilT2010,TppT615-619,ISBN:978-1-4244-6347-3,TDOI:10.1109/ICCET.2010.5485646T.T

T

poweredTsmartTphoneTwithTGPS.TTheTserverTandTphoneTareTconnectedTviaTInternet.T

Register/LoginTModule:TTheTuserTcanTregisterTtoTtheTapplicationTbyTprovidingTtheTuserTinformation.TAfterTtheTsuccessfulTregistration,TtheTuserTcanTloginTbyTprovidingTemailTandTpasswordTasTdepictedTinTFig.4.T14

 

TCONCLUSION

TechnologyTinTorderTtoTenhanceTtheTpositioningTexperience.TTheTpositionTdetectionTandTtrackingTsystemTeffectivelyTalertsTtheTuserTaboutTtheTpositionTofTaTpersonTusingTmobileTphone.TThisTlocationTandTpositionTofTpersonTinformationTcanTbeTsharedTonline.TAsTaTfutureTwork,TtheTproposedTsystemTcanTbeTimplementedTtoTupdateTtheTtrackedTpositionTdetailsTtoTtheTsocialTnetworkingTwebsitesTsuchTasTFacebook,TTwitterTetc.T

 

 

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