INTRODUCTION upon the findings, whether it seemed sound, on

INTRODUCTION –
God created man and death is encountered by man only when nature demands it.
Thereby the article to be reviewed deals with the much-debated topic “Right to
die.” In short one can use the term Euthanasia to define it. This is a concept
which is being discussed worldwide and it has not found legality in many
countries. The author Vaibhav Goel in his article Euthanasia – A dignified end
of life has provided a well elaborated overview on this topic. The concept of
Euthanasia is much debated due to the importance attached to a life created. But
at the same time, one cannot be let to suffer with terminal illness. This above
point highlights the importance of legalising Euthanasia all around the world.
If a doctor has the capability and right to save his suffering patient, then he
can be given the right to provide a dignified and peaceful death. This article
is worth writing about so as to awaken the law makers in relation to this
topic. Also this provides a clear regulation on this purview. According to the
author the major aim and focus behind the article is to create awareness about
it, to provide a clear definition and to urge the readers to understand the
importance of legalising it. The article can be stated a success in this one
aspect as it enlightens all the information required about the said topic. But
the authors work could have been a little more organised and systematic. The
article will be critically evaluated on the methodology utilised. The critical
review will also focus upon the findings, whether it seemed sound, on the
validity of conclusions. The article has few positive logical points to it, which
will be analysed.

Body –

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 The
author introduces us to the topic “Euthanasia” by describing Antipathy which
generated Jurisprudence and also elaborates on the pain and pleasure theory. He
describes pain and therefore links it to the deterioration encountered by a
patient in death bed. The article next deals with the meaning of Euthanasia and
also the reference to this word in correspondence to the purpose it serves. Euthanasia
is the intentional killing by act or omission of dependant human being for his
or her alleged benefit (www.euthanasia.com, visited on
March 24,2004). But in the article the author tries to provide a better
understanding by comparing it to assisted suicide. He agrees to the fact that
the term Euthanasia is too ambiguous and has several meanings. Hence, he
reaffirms the meaning stating – An act of ending the life of a person from
compassionate motives, which he is already terminally ill or, when his
suffering has become unbearable. (Canadian law reforms, ILI LIB.343.614(71)
(047) and www.cbc.ca/on eutha.htm, visited on February 25,2008).

The author
provides a clean insight on the topic by writing about voluntary and
involuntary Euthanasia. Involuntary Euthanasia is used to describe the killing
of a person who has not explicitly requested aid in dying and voluntary
Euthanasia means the opposite. He put forth a very strong statement questioning
the readers, whether it is not prudent enough to legalise Euthanasia, and backs
it with the answer that legalising it will minimise the crying and that it will
render a dignified death for sure. Therefore, the above question when
critically analysed makes every reader understand the core point of the article
as soon as one reads the introduction. Classification of Euthanasia into
passive and active is to be highlighted here and is dealt by the author in
detail. Passive Euthanasia is defined as hastening the death by altering some
form of support and letting nature take its course by following one of the methods
such as removing medication, injecting lethal medicine (Peter B, Emma
OM, Adrian B 1995). Also on the other hand, active Euthanasia involves causing death
of a person through a direct action. This is done by using lethal injections
and other means (www.bbc.co.uk/ethics/euthanasia/overview/activepassive_shtml 1).

In this article,
he uses a series of words such as mercy killing, physician assisted suicide,
voluntary passive Euthanasia, which can be treated as synonyms to the term
Euthanasia. The significance of Euthanasia is well explained in the article
with frequent mentioning of the history related to it. The author’s interest in
questioning the readers deepens and he lays a stress on the term mercy here.
The article traces back to 1992 and provides an evidence of a lady, Sue
Rodriguez whose struggle through which the public gained knowledge about
Euthanasia. Similarly, he mentions about various cases. In the cases, Airedale
NHS Trust V. Bland and R V. Cox, the author outlines the evolution of Euthanasia
in various countries and provides information regarding it. The article has an
Indian touch to it as the author examines Article 21 of the Indian constitution
which states about right to life. He examines, if the above stated article
involves right to die. Later he states two landmark cases, Gyan Kaur V. State
of Punjab (1996 2 SSC 648/7); and P.Rathinam V. UOI ( 1194 3SCC 394 ) which states
the fact that right to life includes right to dignity to which right to die
with dignity is attached.

 The author writes about the top known
religions in the world to denote what it preached about dignity of death. The
article does not delimit itself to the advantages of Euthanasia but also states
few misgivings. “Life not-worth living is open to numerous interpretations”, the
above line is the main focus of disadvantages listed in the article. The author
also states his fear of legalising Euthanasia in developing countries like
India. He further states that the objection is not to Euthanasia but against the
projected consequences such as the sick, elderly, disabled being pushed to
death just to spare their families, energy, emotion and money. The author
includes an aspect of psychology by stating the following- once the doctors are
accustomed to sending certain categories of people to death, they may be
indifferent to sufferings inflicted on others. There after the article provides
a series of comparison for better understanding. For example, the author
compares MTP (Medical Termination of Pregnancy) to Euthanasia. This is one such
new comparison from the authors perspective. He debates about the similar
happenings between Euthanasia and medical termination of pregnancy. The author
works on this similarity between both and questions us about not legalising Euthanasia
throughout. Before the article reaches the conclusion, he provides a clear
picture about the laws governing Euthanasia in various countries such as USA, India,
UK and Australia.

In the conclusion
of the article, the author agrees to the fact that Euthanasia is a
controversial subject and provides an alternative. The real alternative to
Euthanasia according to him is to give love and competent care for the dying. Later
he sums up the list of various countries where Euthanasia is permitted. Finally,
he ends his article by stating that, “as far as misuse is concerned it is known
that every boon possesses some curse, the code of Medical Ethics (Sec 33 of Indian
Medical Council Act 1956) may also be treated as a safeguard while legalising
Euthanasia acts as a safeguard for the curse. 

On an overall
evaluation, the author’s findings are in detail which confirms the detailed
study on the said topic. Though the article contained sub-headings, the author
could have organised his work in a better manner. The findings provided are way
too scattered. At the same time as already regarded in the beginning, the
article serves as an information booklet about advantages of legalising
Euthanasia. This article will serve great to an Indian based researcher in
thirst for scope to legalise Euthanasia. There could have been more appropriate
statistical data provided. The comparative study of methodology used in the
article provided a better understanding. A new thought process of comparing MTP
and Euthanasia was found and is to be applauded for.

Conclusion –

 The
article must have created a drift of positive reactions at the time of its
publication. But one cannot completely rely upon it to gain wholesome, universal
knowledge on this topic. A researcher or for one to quench his thirst for
information regarding anything, one ought to source for both negative and
positive aspects. On that point, this article focuses majorly only on
legalising Euthanasia and not greatly on the pessimistic consequences it might
lead to. This topic can never be outdated and it has a future until, a
universal remedy is provided to the person in the death bed. But a universal
decision is not possible in any circumstance due to the varied differences in
law, ethnicity and lifestyle. Therefore, these kinds of articles play a great
role in awakening the legal and medical fraternity in every country to provide
rules for the same. Indeed, legalising Euthanasia in accordance with the
authors words would create history and promote the importance of right to
dignity in future.