Introduction to their adult lives. Eating disorders which are

Introduction The amplifying problem of eating disorders have been witnessed in the early lives of young teens to their adult lives. Eating disorders which are often classified as a mental illness, is when a victim struggles with their eating behavior and habits. Eating disorders such as anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge-eating can range from not maintaining a normal, healthy weight by resisting food to consuming large portions of food in a brief period of time. According to the American Psychiatric Association, the largest psychiatric organization in the world which specializes in humane care and effective treatment for people with mental illness, eating disorders affect several million people at any given time, most often women between the ages of 12 and 35.  Ongoing apprehension over eating disorders have been raised due to its effect over their academics, interpersonal influence, and demeanor of adolescents. The American Federation of Teachers stated, “individuals suffering from eating disorders spend 70 to 90 percent of their waking hours thinking about food and weight-related issues.” When suffering from an eating disorder, it’s not surprising to see gaps in their academic performance and school activities because it can cause difficulties in “memory, concentration, and ability to understand” (Smith Kristie). This will eventually lead to a disturbance in their educational advancement due to the various amounts of setbacks, hospital check ins and other. A student who is suffering from any eating disorder will struggle at prospering in school due to their concentration, social pressures, and student behavior. Concentration Onward stages of an eating disorder prompts a severance in a student’s advancement in their education. This can interfere with their normal body function and change how a person thinks, concentrates or behaves. Victims of eating disorders struggle in school because they become irritable which decreases their ability to listen and process information. By maintaining a good nutrition incorporating “protein, carbohydrates, and glucose has been shown to improve students’ cognition, concentration, and energy levels” (Bellisle, 2004; Sorhaindo & Feinstein, 2006).  The human brain develops throughout your early adulthood years and if it doesn’t receive the proper nutrients needed, it can interfere consequential periods of development. Scientists and doctors have found it evident that a patient’s nervous system will be disrupted if they continue their restrictive eating habits; specifically in adolescents. Bulimia nervosa is a serious type of eating disorder that prevents the act of gaining weight by vomiting, usage of weight loss pills, and over exercising.  As confirmed by the University of Colorado Denver,  Guido Frank who is an assistant professor that with Departments of Psychiatry and Neuroscience and Director, “…examined the brain response to a dopamine related reward-learning task in bulimic and healthy women.”  Dopamine is a neurotransmitter that helps monitor motor skills such as learning. Guido Frank found that the bulimic woman experienced a weaker response and “the more often an individual had binge/purge episodes the less responsive was their brain.”  Adolescents that suffer from eating disorders like the woman in Guido’s study are at risk. A high school junior stated, ” I could never read book assignments without my thoughts wandering. I was always too tired to stay awake, and more often than not my head was on the desktop sleeping. All of my energy went towards my eating disorder.” When an eating disorder preoccupies most of their time and effort like the high school student, it becomes overwhelming for them to cope with school. Naturally, they’ll began to shut down and wont be able to pick up their attitude which causes their academic performance to suffer.Social Pressures Typically, eating disorders occur to individuals in their early adult years, around middle and high school due to the new physical changes and social pressures to fit in. Nowadays, the continuous desire and impulse to look like others and construct themselves into how others think, constantly surround them. With these constant reminders, teens try to set up their external appearance to the standards of society. According to an article in Women’s Health magazine that has over 8 million readers globally, more than half of teenage girls are or think they should be on diets, especially when they go through puberty. Many teens believe that the only way they can fit in and accepted is by being thin which can cause excessive exercising, dieting and starvation. This can provoke an unhealthy lifestyle of a maintaining a weight which is less than their average body mass, like anorexia and bulimia nervosa. The impossible standard that teenagers try desperately to conform too has a great impact on their academic performance. Anorexia, bulimia and among other types of eating disorders can distract students from their education and lead to bad performance in school. The article Life Beyond the Eating Disorder: Education, Relationships and Reproduction states, “…limited research has noted deficits in combined educational or occupational roles and impaired concentration, and body image disturbance has been inversely correlated to grade point average in college students. When an adolescent suffers from an eating disorder, other responsibilities, like school and homework, will be disregarded. In fact, low academic performance is one of the telltale signs of an early eating disorder in teens.