INTRODUCTION the low-cost class to the other on a

INTRODUCTION
TO AIRLINE AND AIRPORT MANAGEMENT

 

In this
assessment, the student will define the terms Aviation, Airline, and Airport.
And, discuss fifteen instances of main points in global civil aviation history
since 1903 which may perhaps be significant flashes and milestones, key laws
and protocols, things that have impacted the aviation industry. And give a
sound conclusion at the end.

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KEY DEFINITIONS FOR:

Aviation

Airline

Airport

 

The word
aviation involves the whole group of associations engaged in flight. This ranges
from government bodies as well as the military over to private pilots possessing
their own light aircraft. Edmunds (2015, p.4)

Another
meaning of the term aviation according to the dictionary is the manoeuvring and
construction of aircraft.

 

According
to (Thesaurus), an airline is a company offering a fixed public service of air transportation
on one or more itineraries. OR, an organisation that gives consistent services transporting
persons or possessions in aircrafts.

 

An
airport has been described by the UK Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) as any resource
controlled by commercial aviation operations. Airports act as the interchange
that permits travellers to transmit amongst modes of transportation either to begin
or complete their air journey or just to change from one flight to the other.
Edmunds (2015, p.39)

Another
definition: “an airport is a place whereby airplanes land and take-off, which has
buildings and amenities for travellers.” (Thesaurus)

 

 

FIFTEEN EXAMPLES OF KEY POINTS IN
CIVIL AVIATION HISTORY SINCE 1903

 

1903 –
FIRST SUCCESSFUL AIROPLANE
 

On
December 17, 1903, two brothers on a shoreline close Kitty Hawk, North
Carolina accomplished the impossible, as the Wright brothers Flyer took to
the air for a distance of 121 feet in a period of 12 seconds. To accomplish
this, they utilised all the mechanical know how that they had created as
bicycle mechanics and took an unmistakable fascination in the publication of
Otto Lilenthal.
The
Wright siblings’ first flight would not have gotten from one end of the
low-cost class to the other on a Boeing 747 ‘Jumbo Jet’!!
 
The
different parts of the flying machine were planned and finalised by three
years of flight testing unpowered air ship as kites and lightweight planes,
and from wind burrow testing. One of the key inventions of the Wright siblings
was the capacity to control and move their air ship. A flying machine must be
controlled around three important axes; a here and there progress of the
nose, which is called pitch, a side to side development of the nose, which is
called yaw, and an up and down development of the wing tips, which is called
roll.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.18)
 

1906

The finding
by the Wright brothers soon spread over the globe and it was not well before
new forms of the Wright Flyer were manufactured and enhanced. The primary
European ‘heavier – than – air’ flight happened in Paris in 1906.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.18)
 

1909
– FIRST CROSSING OF ENGLISH CHANNEL BY AIRPLANE
 

In
1909, Louis Bleriot won the Daily Mail contest to fly across the English
Channel in a reputable time of 37 minutes.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.18)
 

1911
– HARRIET QUIMBY
 
 
 
 
 
 
1911
– FIRST TRANSCONTINENTAL FLIGHT

In
1911 she was the initial American female to obtain a license to fly and the
first female to fly the English Channel in 1912. Unfortunately, she passed on
11 months later in a flying disaster over Boston area.
Lecture
notes (2017)
 
Cal
Rogers acquired his license on 7th
August
1911. He left Sheepshead Bay, Brooklyn on 17th September 1911 to Pasadena,
California, 4000-mile flight. The trip included 70 stops, many injuries and
82 hours flying time.
Lecture
notes (2017)
 

1914
– THE FIRST COMMERCIAL FLIGHT
 
 

The
first scheduled air service started in Florida on January 1, 1914. Glenn
Curtiss had invented a plane that could depart and land on water and therefore
could be constructed bigger than any plane to date, since it didn’t require
the overwhelming undercarriage required for arriving on hard ground. Thomas
Benoist, a vehicle parts creator, chose to assemble such a flying boat, for
an administration crosswise over Tampa Bay called the St. Petersburg – Tampa
Air Boat Line. His first traveller was ex-St. Petersburg Mayor A.C. Pheil,
who completed the 18-mile trip in 23 minutes, a significant change over the
two-hour trip by boat. The single-plane service had capacity for one passenger
at a time, and the organisation charged a one-way admission of $5. Subsequent
to working two flights per day for four months, the company collapsed with
the end of the winter traveller season.
Lecture
notes (2017)
 

1918
– AIRMAIL SERVICE
 
 

By
1917, the U.S. government felt enough growth had been made in the development
of planes to announce something completely new – the transport of mail via
air. That year, Congress took $100,000 for a trial airmail service to be
directed together by the Army and the Post Office amongst Washington and New
York, with a midway stop in Philadelphia. The primary flight left Belmont
Park, Long Island for Philadelphia on May 14, 1918 and the following day
proceeded to Washington, where it was met by President Woodrow Wilson.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015) page 19
 

1919
– KLM ROYAL DUTCH AIRLINES CREATED
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1919
– THE FIRST DAILY SCHEDULED PASSENGER SERVICE
 
 

Founded
on October 7, 1919, KLM Royal Dutch Airlines is the oldest timetabled airline
in the world that is still working under its primary name. KLM is Dutch for
Koninklijke Luchtvaart Maatschappij (Royal Aviation Company). In 1920, made
its initially planned flights between Amsterdam and London – service that it
continues to provide to the very present.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.19)
 
The initial
daily global fixed passenger air service was introduced in August 1919
between Hounslow, close to the current London Heathrow Airport and Le Bourget
near Paris.  It cost £42 for a 3hr flight.
Load capability of 2, the first flight had a 50% capacity factor.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.19)
 

1924
– THE FIRST ROUND THE WORLD FLIGHT
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1924
–  IMPERIAL AIRWAYS ESTABLISHED
 

On
6th April 1924 Major Frederick Martin,
Lieutenant
Lowell Smith, 1st Lieutenant
Leigh
Wade and Lieutenant Eric Nelson
left
Seattle. They came back on 28th September 1924. They journeyed a total of
25,000 miles. The aeroplane was invented by the Douglas Aircraft Company.
Lecture
notes (2017)
 
In
1924 Imperial Airways was formed as the government’s “selected tool of air
travel” by the amalgamation of The Instone Air Line Ltd., Handley Page Air
Transport Ltd., The Daimler Airway and British Marine Air Navigation Co. Ltd.
Imperial Airways commenced services from London (Croydon) to European
terminuses as well as founding routes to Africa, the Middle East and India.
BA.com
(2018)
Lecture
notes (2017)
 

1925
– LUFTHANSA SHOWING FILMS ON BOARD
 

The growth
of the commercial airline business was fast. A lot of carriers were formed.
These airlines used recycled military aircraft to ply paths throughout the
globe with travellers undergoing at best, Spartan conditions. These
circumstances did advance over time and by 1925 Deutsche Lufthansa was
displaying films on board in flights.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.19)
 

1927
– CHARLES LINDBERG
 
 

At
7:52 a.m. on May 20, 1927, a youthful pilot called Charles Lindbergh set out
on a momentous flight crossway the Atlantic Ocean, from New York to Paris. It
was the primary trans-Atlantic non-stop flight in an aircraft, and its outcome
on both Lindbergh and aviation was huge. Lindbergh became an immediate
American hero. Aviation turned into a more reputable industry, enticing
millions of private investment dollars nearly overnight, as well as the
support of millions of Americans. The accomplishment of this voyage has been
transformed into a feature film and the aircraft still appreciates pride of
place at the National Air and Space Museum in Washington D.C.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.19)
 

 
1929
– 1ST GLOBAL AGREEMENT GOVERNING AVIATION SIGNED
 
 
 
 

The
Warsaw Convention, signed on 12 October 1929, was the primary global contract
governing aviation. It authorised passenger ticket and baggage check, and co-ordinated
accountability law.
Lecture
notes (2017)
 

 
1936
– PLANE THAT CHANGED THE WORLD
 

The
Douglas DC-3, the “plane that transformed the world”, began service
with American Airlines and flew from New York to Chicago continuous. It cost
about $100,000 to purchase then and still draws a like price today.
Lecture
notes (2017)
 

1939
– FIRST EVER AIRPORT LOUNGE
 

American
Airlines launched the first ever airport lounge in 1939, named the Admirals
Club, at LaGuardia Airport, New York.
Lecture
notes (2017)
 

1944
– CHICAGO CONVENTION SIGNED
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1944 – FIRST JET
FLIGHT BY A GLOSTER METEOR.
 

The
Convention on International Civil Aviation, designed in 1944 by 54 nations,
was established to advance collaboration and “make and maintain friendship
and compassion among the countries and peoples of the world.”
Referred
to all the more usually today as the ‘Chicago Convention’, this milestone
agreement set up the centre standards allowing worldwide transport via air,
and prompted the production of the specific office which has regulated it as
far back as – the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO).
ICAO
(2018)
 
As
with the first World War, the Second World War also produced hasty growth of
aircraft. This comprised in 1944 the primary flight by a Gloster Meteor. The
Douglas DC-3 or ‘Dakota’ as it was termed, showed to be a strong aircraft
which after the war developed into the pillar of civil airlines throughout
the globe, with utmost of the aircraft being acquired second hand from US,
Canadian and United Kingdom Air Forces.
Lecture
notes (2017)
Edmunds
(2015, p.20)
 

1945
– IATA FOUNDED
 
 

IATA
was established in Havana, Cuba, on 19 April 1945. It is the prime vehicle
for between aircraft collaboration in advancing sheltered, solid, secure and
sparing air administrations – for the advantage of the world’s purchasers.
The universal booked air transport industry is more than 100 times bigger
than it was in 1945. Scarcely any enterprises can coordinate the dynamism of
that development, which would have been considerably less terrific without
the models, practices and techniques created inside IATA.  At its establishing, IATA had 57 individuals
from 31 countries, for the most part in Europe and North America. Today it
has somewhere in the range of 280 individuals from 120 countries in all
aspects of the globe.
IATA
(2018)
Lecture
notes (2017)
 

 

 

 

CONCLUSION

To
conclude this, the student has given key definitions for the terms Aviation,
Airline and Airport. And, outlined fifteen examples of key points in international
civil aviation history since 1903 that can possibly be important moments and
milestones, main rules and guidelines, factors that have influenced the
aviation industry.

 

 

REFERENCES

BOOK
REFERENCES:

Introduction
to Airline and Airport Management

James
Edmunds (2015) Fifth Edition 

(Accessed:
16/01/18).

 

Thesaurus

(Accessed:
16/01/18).

 

WEBSITES:

Milestones
in International Civil Aviation (2018) Available at: https://www.icao.int/about-icao/History/Pages/Milestones-in-International-Civil-Aviation.aspx

(Accessed:
16 January 2018).

 

Imperial
Airways history (2018) Available at: https://www.britishairways.com/en-gb/information/about-ba/history-and-heritage/explore-our-past

(Accessed:
16 January 2018).

 

The
Founding of IATA (2018) Available at: http://www.iata.org/about/Pages/history.aspx

(Accessed:
16 January 2018).