Introduction: Horses aren’t unemployed now because they got lazy as
a species, they’re unemployable through the fault of technology. There isn’t a
rule of economics that says technology has made more jobs for horses, so swap
horses for humans and it still makes sense.
Problem: According to some experts, machines are well on track
on take up to 50% of our jobs within the next 30 years. The technologies of the
past, relied human muscle, increased the value of human effort – and in the process,
drove rapid economic progress. Those of the future, by substituting for
man’s senses and brain, will accelerate that process – but at the risk of
creating millions of citizens who are simply unable to contribute economically,
and with greater damage to an already declining middle class.
Robots have mainly replaced
physical jobs namely those in factory and supermarket and will destroy more
jobs in transportation field, extrapolating world-wide, 70 million jobs at a
Digital technologies are not
just impacting physical work, they’re starting to flex their intelligence in
the world of services and knowledge. To translate a text, we used to need a
human but now, instantaneous, automatic translation services available for free
via many of our devices. Writing something doesn’t require a human anymore
either. Nowadays, a shocking amount of what we’re reading is created by
computer algorithms. Who knows the speech that I am delivering might be written
by one as well.
No matter how creative, how
intelligent you are, robots will one day take you place. the brain is a
complicated machine but that hasn’t stopped us from trying to simulate it. you take the best and brightest 200 human
beings on the planet, you scan their brains and you get robots to learn what
you want them to do in higher speed.
Technology has always been fascinating
and what makes it more amazing is that we won’t have to work in the future,
well the reality is that we shouldn’t underestimate and lose sight of the
consequences of this replacement. Voltaire said “Work keeps at bay three great
evils: boredom, vice, and need.” If people are unemployable, they wouldn’t
have any source of income. So how are they supposed to earn their life? fulfill
their needs? How are they going to educate their children who might need the
double of years of study to compete with the future technology.
All these lead me to this question:
in most cases who does technology serve? In many industries, humans are about a
third their total costs. Accidents cost money. Carelessness costs money. By
replacing all these workers, companies get more benefit and so do the inventors
of those machines.
So at the end of the day, these
digital tools are not improving the lives of people at the bottom of the
pyramid but threatening them.
Solution: We have been through economic revolutions before, but
the robot revolution is different. The automatization is not something that we
can avoid or resist because it is ultimate goal of all technological research.
We should use technology to
realize efficient in the frame of equity by making sure that technology
benefits everybody rather than just who either discovered it or use it.
Bill Gates has proposed that robots be taxed; the funds could be used to retrain and financially
support displaced workers, who could transition to jobs in health care,
education, or other areas.
We humans are an adaptable
bunch, and we’ll surely find ways to occupy ourselves while the robots are off
doing the heavy lifting such as reducing poverty and drudgery and misery around