The demand for highly-specialized professionals is constantly growing; so the range of educational
means is expanding. Over the years, the access to internet made it possible to explore numerous
resources and share experience at great distances. Although distance learning is not something new,
not all students and educators are enough informed about the opportunities it offers. The quantity of
online courses is rapidly growing, and so does the quality. The emergence of various new educational
platforms has taken education to a new level of development. Students motivations and desire is the
only requisite to be enrolled to the online course and be instructed by experts.
The MOOCs are just born and therefore are in a process of transformation and settlement and nobody
has categorically say what is a MOOC. But in someway MOOC are natural evolution of Open course
ware, first created by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
The team MOOC was coined during the course “Connectivism and Connective Knowledge ” by Dave
Cormier, from the University of Prince Edward Island (Canada).
MASSIVE – Massive means large numbers of participants can access to it from any part of the world
and it is free of charge.
OPEN –The course can be accessed to anyone from any corner of the world. It does not require any
entry qualification or entry criteria .
ONLINE- The course is entirely available via the Internet and does not require attendance at a
COURSE- The course is available of various platforms and these different platforms provide varieties
A Massive Open Online course (MOOC) is an online course with the option of free and open
registration, a publicly- shared curriculum and open-ended outcomes. MOOCs is aimed at large-scale
interactive participation and open access via web. In addition to traditional course materials such as
videos, readings, and problem sets MOOCs provide interactive user forums that help build a
community for the students, professor, and teaching assistants. MOOCS are a recent development in
Massive Open Online Course, or MOOC is a response to the students who are challenged financially.
As the tuition fees for education are rising rapidly, those who cannot afford them have an alternative
way to enrich their experience. The main characteristics of MOOCs are: quality, flexibility, high level
of level of interaction and, what is especially valuable that these courses are free of charge. If you own
a computer with the internet access, you are fully equipped for starting your education.
MOOCS were initiated in Canada by Stephen Downes and George Siemens, but gained popularity in
the U.S. when Stanford University professor Sebastian Thrun held a free online course on artificial
intelligence in 2011. Some years later, MOOCs expanded its audience to tens of thousands users
enrolling in courses in science and humanities. MOOCs began to grab the attention of the policy
makers, which resulted in the number of contracts with the leading American universities. According
to Helen Hu, Coursera, Udacity and edEx are the three primary ventures pointing the way to a new
era of learning.
The structure of a typical MOOC is suitable for each individual user, though the course is targeted at
the mass audience. A student has an opportunity to pause or rewind the video and watch it on his/her
own pace. Students submit home tasks, which are automatically graded. But the most important is
the feedback, which is provided both by the instructor and the peers. The major MOOC providers,
Courses, Edx, and Udacity have offered a range of approaches with one central problem – massive
students numbers are impossible for teacher’s to handle. To deal with the problem, MOOCs
commonly offer a simple solution- get the students to teach and grade each other. Peer-review
motivates and supports students, giving the chance to share knowledge and ideas with the ones you
might have never had chance to meet in-person. More than that, the MOOCs in science create virtual
laboratories to engage students into the learning process through Massive Open Online Course
(MOOCs) represents a potential exciting opportunity to use technology to realise many of the longpromised
benefits of universal higher education
Colleges have found several useful and promising niches for MOOCs. This have helped colleges to
create MOOCs to offer students a free or inexpensive way to master remedial coursework they need
to enroll in colleges. Higher education institutions are experimenting with offering college credit to
students who have taken MOOCs after they have passed the appropriate prior learning assessment
The intention of Massive Open Online courses varies from financial considerations to personification
of education for modern students. The rising rates of student attrition in standard classes proves the
viability of alternative schooling. In fact, online education is a unique learning experience. The
students have the opportunity to control the pace of instruction, and take control of how they study
the course. Learning autonomy puts individualism under the stress and motivated them into creativity.