In the rant Twain uses absurdity to critique racism. When describing his interaction with a black professor, Pap was disgruntled because a black man could vote. “here was a free nigger there from Ohio—a mulatter, most as white as a white man. He had the whitest shirt on you ever see, too, and the shiniest hat; and there ain’t a man in that town that’s got as fine clothes as what he had; and he had a gold watch and chain, and a silver-headed cane—the awful- est old gray-headed nabob in the State. And what do you think? They said he was a p’fessor in a college, and could talk all kinds of languages, and knowed everything. And that ain’t the wust. They said he could VOTE when he was at home. Well, that let me out. Thinks I, what is the country a-coming to? It was ‘lection day, and I was just about to go and vote myself if I warn’t too drunk to get there; but when they told me there was a State in this country where they’d let that nigger vote, I drawed out. I says I’ll never vote agin.”(20). It is is certifiably absurd that a college professor is lesser than a child abusing drunk. Pap has some idea that he is better than the professor, and Twain uses this interaction to show clearly that Pap and his ideas are worthless to society. The effect on the the reader is simple, those who devalue someone based solely on the color of their skin and not on their merit are wrong. Pap talks about the man, saying that he had “fine clothes, a gold watch, and chain, and a silver-headed cane,” that he could speak “all kinds of languages, and knowed everything.” Pap thinks that the worst part of his engagement with the professor was that he had the right to vote. To pap, this clearly demonstrated the government injustice . Pap declared that on Election Day, he would have voted himself, “if I warn’t too drunk to get there.” He then decrees that he would never vote again as long as the govment continued to allow voting rights to non white people. Twain, in bringing up this example, illustrates that he thought that Pap’s statements were unjust. However, to Pap, he deserved to have more rights than any black man.