In they meet together, just as they become in

In Aristotle’s Politics, he describes the many forms of government that mankind has, from the kind that he determines as good, to those he deems as perverse.Though he deems, democracy as a perverse form of rule and frequently disapproves of the masses having the power, Aristotle shares a sentiment that these people could possibly form a more pure government out of virtue than what the few in power could accomplish. By a collection of people using all their individual knowledge and specialties, a smooth running government may be formed “For each individual among the many has a share of excellence and practical wisdom, and when they meet together, just as they become in a manner one man who has many feet, and hands, and senses, so too with regard to their character and thought (1281b).” Aristotle does acknowledge that having a democracy is not the end of the world and there are practices that can be put in place to return it from a path of deviance. To do this, one must reform how the government rules entirely. This is not a nature that is to be taken lightly and one way for reforms to be made is an institution of a mean class, or what we call a middle class must be implemented. This can be implemented more oft when the government fixes some of its principles and fuses oligarchy with democracy. How does this cure democracy? Whereas the impoverished shrink from rule and grow into violence due to their socio-economic situation and the rich are great criminals who claw ambitiously for power, the mean class forms a state of no envy and lust for another man’s goods or power. The good fortune of a state lies in the hands of these people “Great then is the good fortune of a state in which the citizens have a moderate and sufficient property; for where some possess much, and the others nothing, there may arise extreme democracy, or a pure oligarchy; or a tyranny may grow out of the extremes – either out of the most rampant democracy or out of an oligarchy, but it is not so likely to arise out of the middle constitutions or those akin to them” (1295b-96a). This mean class can rise through practices Aristotle refers to as “the fusion of democracy and oligarchy”. With a system in place that takes some methods of rule from each different government, a balance can be achieved that allows for a middle class to prosper, and therefore the democracy too as well. To be specific, one suggestion Aristotle makes is a democracy where the citizens form only a single assembly to meet only with the deliberate tasks of elections of magistrates, the passing of laws, to make scrutinies, and to advise about war and peace. These main events are for the general assembly, whereas the more menial and simple minded tasks can be handed to elected magistrates who carry out these duties (1298a). A common good can not be met when man feels the need to meet over everything, for it becomes slow to take effect and arguments are made over the simple delegations of menial tasks. Aristotle’s example of a prosperous “fusion” uses the Spartan regime to prove this, as for them there was a very democratic way of educating the youth among citizens where the rich and poor alike would study side by side. Now, combine this with the oligarchical method of election into public office, as opposed to the drawing of lots. The people among them walked as equals, ate the same food, and wore the clothes (1294b).