“If to all? Are humans aware of their activities

 “If you like to eat seafood or swim in the
ocean, it’s time to get involved.” – Julie Evans-Brumm

While ocean covers around 96.5%
of our earth surface only <6% of it gets protection compared to 12% provided to land. What can be the possible reason behind it? Is it the lack of education and awareness regarding the oceans? Or lack of scientific researches that are not enough to save our life supporting system? Whatever be the reason, if we don't change the way we do things—and fast—we are on track to cause irreversible damage to the ocean and the collapse of some of the most important food sources in the world. But do researchers, policy makers, stakeholders or communities alone can achieve a goal which is so common to all? Are humans aware of their activities that are disrupting the balance of marine ecosystems across the globe? Once Bill Clinton said - "We know that when we protect our oceans we're protecting our future." PROBLEM STATEMENT   Since decades the oceans are suffering from variety of escalating insults - pollution from industries, farms, households and agricultural runoff; loss of habitat, increasing coastal erosion, unsustainable industrial fishing practices, invasion of troublesome species etc. Not only are our social and economic benefits at stake, but also management of human activities so that resources are guaranteed for future generations.   The fact is scientific research or social science alone will not help us to manage the oceans and we need strategies that lead to evidence-based, participatory, and transparent management. Hence, a system based on scientific approach and community engagement is needed.   Our oceans are in more trouble than ever before!       LITERATURE REVIEW The exponential growth in problems requires, exponentially growing solutions. A concerted approach is required to find the solutions to sustainability, which extends across all levels of society: from policy-makers to scientists to the general public. The idea is to bridge the gap between these different stakeholders to ensure ocean sustainability.                      Three recent assessments report that, goods and services provided by marine ecosystems are seriously compromised 1–3. These assessments call for a dramatic shift in marine science toward solution-driven research, and, in ocean policy, from management of individual sectoral activities toward ecosystem-based management 4,5.The abrupt decline in the sea's capacity to provide crucial ecosystem services requires a new ecosystem based approach for maintaining and recovering biodiversity and integrity.   Marine ecosystems are a great source of ecosystem services (provisioning services regulating services, cultural services and supporting services). Ecological restoration can help the marine ecosystem, providing an important source of ecosystem services and ensuring their continuity in time.   The ultimate aim in restoration requires not only scientific knowledge but also a creative aspect (Baird, 2005), indeed restoration may be as much art as science. Because of this, we need an expanded quantitative knowledge base and good case studies, perhaps even where schemes have been attempted on a 'let's try it and see what happens basis' (possibly also called adaptive management, Simenstad et al., 2006).   With the advancement in science and technology we can't be completely depend on scientific research alone to conserve our valuable resources. Without the active participation of community and stakeholders the change will come at the cost of loss of valuable resources. Moreover, social media has become the new norm from communicating to bringing the change in the society. Hence, integration of science, community and policy makers through various tools of social media is the new way to achieve ecological restoration at a very fast rate. OBJECTIVES OF STUDY   The main goal of my Masters research is to work on- ·         interactions between the policy makers, marine environment, and communities ·         to communicate science of marine ecological restoration in an understandable way ·         managing coastal conservation using restoration methodology to minimize damage to habitats and water quality ·         to evaluate human impacts on biological diversity, and to develop practical approaches to prevent further deterioration of coastal ecosystem My research aims to answer the following questions-            Q-How can the effectiveness of policies that influence marine conservation be increased? Q-What are the best methods and tools available to engage citizens in marine conservation? Q-What restoration methods are best for conserving coastal ecosystem and would likely enhance natural coastal ecosystem function and services? Q-What are the best ways to frame marine conservation messages in light of different values and perceptions of the marine environment held by different audiences? Q- With what rate we can achieve restoration goals when we unite various stakeholders into an umbrella working together to conserve coastal ecosystem? Q- What is the difference in perspective of communities and stakeholders before and after the research regarding? 1-oceanic conservation 2- their role as responsible humans Q- What are the major stressors causing destruction to oceanic health? Q- What outcomes are achieved when restoration ecology is integrated with various tools {Green Blogging, Social media (face book, twitter, LinkedIn), Ads, Press/publication, Volunteering/campaigning, Green club, Religious podium etc}? Q- How have humankind's various worldviews shaped perceptions, relationships, and narratives related to the marine environment, and how do these influence marine conservation? Q- What are the major stressors involved in degrading the coastal health? WORK PLAN   My research shall be based on two different coastal sites having (near) similar characteristics (in depth range, size, habitat types, oceanographic conditions, flora and fauna, productivity etc).One of the site is called Reference site and other one Experimental site. Both the monitoring sites have open access to fishing, tourism, pollutants etc. at an equal rate. The experimental site is as similar to the reference site as possible (in depth range, size, habitat types, oceanographic conditions, and fishing pressure) to enable comparison of ecological changes occurring in them. Measurement and recording of all the oceanographic parameter, quality of water, variety of flora and fauna, level of pollutants present and their types etc. is done to quantify the initial conditions of these areas. One of the monitoring site is put under strict supervision and control, leaving other for open access to pollutants and external pressures. The one under strict supervision i.e. experimental site will be conserved by applying restoration ecology and community approach. I will use the most suitable restoration strategies according the type of management required by the site. The goal of restoration is to emulate a natural, functioning, self?regulating system. Ecological monitoring is done from time to time and is recorded through video cameras. Ecological monitoring allows us to identify similarities or difference that exist between the experimental site and reference site and track how these in trajectories change over time. It also tracks the condition of ocean ecosystems and evaluates the effectiveness of management actions. Recording the work through videos and pictures helps in disseminating the work from site to common reach of people increasing their awareness.   I wish you would use all means at your disposal — films, the web, expeditions, new submarines, a campaign! — to ignite public support for a network of global marine protected areas, hope spots large enough to save and restore the ocean, the blue heart of the planet. – Dr. Sylvia Earle As public awareness must precede public support for all needed improvement, I will use various tools {Green Blogging, Social media (face book, twitter, LinkedIn), Ads, Press/publication, Volunteering/campaigning, Green club, Religious podium etc} right from the starting to make aware various stakeholders and public about my research and what impacts humans are creating on oceans. Moreover, the idea is to involve public in research and policy making and making them realize and responsible that they play a major role in changing our oceans and affecting its life. Finally, experimental site is compared with the reference site and data is collected. Hold up a mirror and ask yourself what you are capable of doing, and what you really care about. Then take the initiative - don't wait for someone else to ask you to act.  -Sylvia Earle It's high time to move the world's oceans toward a more sustainable future.

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