I. the key between the environment and the society.

I. Background Information Water, children’s most essential means of survival, continuously gets contaminated as a result of displacement, conflict, and instability. For these reasons, water and sanitation systems are always damaged and left in poor conditions. When health systems are left in ruins, and when children have no safe water to drink malnutrition and fatal diseases, such as cholera, will inevitably follow. Water is at the center of sustainable development, is dire for food and energy production, and for human survival. In urban areas, 95% of people have access to safe drinking water sources, whereas in rural areas, 73% have access. Representing nearly 11% of the world population, about a third of all people living in Sub-Saharan Africa is left without access to improved drinking water. At the heart of adaptation to climate change, water serves as the key between the environment and the society. In addition, the leading cause of child mortality, diarrhea, accounts for 1.5 million deaths per year due to unclean water. It is estimated that by 2040, 1 in 4 children, 600 million children, will live in areas of high water stress. This statistic stresses the need for the world to meet its Millennium Development Goal (MDG) commitment on water and sanitation. Water is as fundamental to human life as the air we breathe. These kids are more vulnerable to the ill effects of unsafe, insufficient quantities of water. When sanitation is inadequate, those who rely heavily on water from unprotected rivers, dug wells, streams or any other source of water are at high risk of infection by waterborne diseases. Due to inadequate drinking water, worm infestations predominantly affect children. This results in reduced physical growth and impaired cognitive functions. Furthermore, families remain mired in deplorable conditions without access to safe water and adequate sanitation. As the number of infections increases in children, their academic performance and school attendance decrease significantly. In order to help these children, UNICEF, alongside goals of the MDGs, is trying to ensure that all schools have adequate drinking water for all kids. Working in over 100 countries, UNICEF aims to improve access to safe, clean water. In addition, there is an associated gender gap due to the fact that young girls face more of the effects of poor water as they are usually the ones who collect the water and ultimately fall sick from water-related diseases. In countries affected by conflict and instability, more than 180 million people are deprived of access to safe water. For example, after 7 years of conflict in Syria 6.4 million minors are in need of safe water to drink. Additionally, In places such as Nigeria, conflicts have damaged 75% of water leaving 3.6 million people without clean water, leading to diseases and malnutrition. In addition to conflicts, natural disasters such as floods, hurricanes, earthquakes, and tsunamis can damage and contaminate drinking water. These natural disasters lead to well contamination from livestock waste, chemicals, human sewage, and other impurities. As a result, children are prone to water-related diseases causing them to fall sick. II. Country Policy As over 14.6 million children are in urgent need of safe drinking water, Ireland believes that it is of the utmost importance to help these children survive. Our “Irish Aid” is the Irish Government’s programme for overseas development. As the country of Ireland, we have helped and supported programmes that increase access to safe water and basic sanitation in rural parts of many countries. For example, in Zambia, we have supported four rural districts in Northern Province to start and implement plans that has benefitted nearly 400,000 children, giving them access to clean water. Not only are we helping those in Zambia, but as well as supporting communities in rural areas in Liberia to improve access to safe drinking water. Through our partnership in a large water and sanitation programme, with the government and other donors, we help these children get the clean, safe water they are in dire need of. Ireland supports the work of the United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) in almost 90 countries to improve water supplies in schools and in communities. The United Nations has long been addressing the crisis by lack of water supply to satisfy growing demands on the world’s water resources to meet the demands of humans. UNICEF’s water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) team works worldwide to improve water and sanitation services. Their efforts provided nearly 14 million children with clean water and over 11 million with toilets just last year.  In 2011 they began a 75 day operation providing thousands of children in Djibouti with safe drinking water. As part of the operation, as many as 35,000 people across the country will receive clean water.  Ireland reaffirms resolution 64/292 recognizing the human right to water and sanitation, in which the UN General Assembly passed in 2010. This resolution also acknowledged that clean drinking water is essential to the realisation of all human rights. It calls upon international organizations and States to help provide safe, clean, accessible and affordable drinking water to all. We acknowledge the well-being of children is specifically dependent on the availability and quality of water. By improving drinking water we believe that it will help reduce the number of children who die each year by 2.2 million. This will ultimately have a huge impact on good childhood nutrition and will reduce the number of water related illnesses that cause these children to suffer. III. Proposed Solutions As nearly 6,000 children die each day due to water-related diseases, it is essential to provide aid to those who are suffering. For this reason, Ireland believes that we must prepare for the aftereffects caused by natural disasters as well as daily walks to reach contaminated water resources. In order to help children recieve safe drinking water, we would like to use UV technologies based off the Noah Water System Trekker. This is a water purification kit to combat waterborne diseases as a result of intense flooding and damage to sanitation resources. This kit can purify one gallon of water every minute simply by emitting UV rays that kill harmful viruses and bacteria that could become fatal to children. The UV will have a protective shield around the back to prevent direct exposure to humans. The inside of the shield will be reflective metal to intensify the UV blast. This kit allows for the UV to be more portable, and reach greater distances and areas. Experts have tested and refined this portable water purification units in many places ranging from the Panamanian jungles to Sub-Saharan Africa. The results demonstrates that this product, which combine sediment and carbon filtration along with patented ultraviolet technology, provide clean and healthy drinking water. Additionally, the Noah Water System Trekker has been confirmed, after independent laboratory testing, that the treated water is greater than 99.99% free of bacteria.  This kit has been highly successful in provided safe water in South Africa, Venezuela, Peru, Panama, and Honduras. The sediment, volatile chemicals, organic matter, THM’s, herbicides and pesticides in the water children drink has been proven to be effectively reduced to provide clear, clean and safe drinking water when used by this kit.  By implementing this water purification in to the many countries around the world, we can not only provide access to safe drinking water for children, but also prevent waterborne bacteria such as cholera, dysentery, gastroenteritis, and giardia that take the lives of these innocent children. In order to help children get safe water to drink, Ireland would like to implement WALP or Water for Agro-pastoralist Livelihoods Pilot Project. WALP is a detailed project plan for increasing water potency, hygiene, and availability in rural areas. WALP plans to build water wells and storage facilities in at risk communities instead of just farms in order to reduce competition for water. This project plans on accessing underground water beneath dry rivers and wadis through shallow wells. This will allow for water to be stored underground in sand dams and or storage facilities to preserve sanitation. In addition to WALP, we would like to build drip irrigation that can be supplied by the water from these underground wells. The construction of these drip irrigation systems will be made by Productive Safety Net Program (PSNP) in which this project could save up to 80% of water in a drought environment. WALP has successfully improved irrigation systems along with climate change resistant equipment into many rural parts of the world.