I am going to speak to you today about the effects of smoking on the environment. Most smokers are ignorant of the fact that when they smoke they are not just harming themselves, but also other people’s health, including the environment. The main points I want to make is how smoking causes air pollution, how smoking causes water and land pollution, and how smoking affects people and the people around them. In one cigarette, there are approximately 600 chemicals, 69 have been proven to cause cancer, which is breathed out and released into the atmosphere daily. In November of 2015, according to the Center for Disease Control (CDC), about 15 of every 100 United States adults aged 18 years or older (15.1%) currently smoked cigarettes. This would be transferred to an estimated number of about 36.5 million adults currently smoke cigarettes in the United States. Now if you think about those numbers, that is pretty high. Just think of how much the air is being affected daily just by these people. Another study was conducted by the CDC that said second-hand smoke contains carcinogens, toxic metals, and poisonous gases. So it’s quite obvious that all of these materials are very effective to the human body and its health, but second-hand smoking goes into our atmosphere and degrades the air quality as well as human lives. When growing tobacco, it uses a lot of chemicals like fertilizers and pesticides. These chemicals can affect drinking water by the run-off from the tobacco growing areas. This is just from the growing of the plants and one of the many ways of how it affects humans and their drinking water. Aside from the human aspect, millions of cigarette butts are thrown onto the ground and can be ingested by an animal mistaking it as food, but when it rains the butts get washed into bodies of water and causes many hardships for the marine wildlife. This is polluting their habitat. Some people think that cigarette butts are biodegradable, which they are not. They are made of tiny pieces of plastic that will never decompose and are actually considered toxic wastes. In a study performed by Elli Slaughter of San Diego State University, a single cigarette butt that had traces of tobacco was introduced to a liter of water. This resulted in high toxicity levels and the death of 50% of the fish in the water. This is the result of one little cigarette butt. Many people think that the only people harmed when smoking is the people actually do the action of smoking. That is not correct. Anyone that breathes in the smoke is generally being affected by it. According to the American Cancer Society, smoking kills more people than alcohol, car crashes, murder, and drugs combined, and according to World Health Organization, tobacco causes 5 million deaths annually. So why do people smoke? Many people smoke because they are addicted to it. Smoking is very addictive and when you do it once, it is really hard to quit. One of the primary ingredients of cigarette tobacco is nicotine, which is highly addictive. Like many addictive illegal drugs, nicotine makes a smoker continue to crave cigarettes if they try to stop smoking. Many people who do smoke are highly motivated to stop, and it is possible, but at first, it will be really tough. A way that we can help to prevent the pollution of the air, land, water, and be saving people’s lives is to bring up the idea of banning smoking in public places. By banning smoking in public places the pollution of the air, water, and land could decrease, as well as the rate of deaths annually could decrease. This would make the world a lot better place to live in and make it feel cleaner. Also, we could raise the age of when people are allowed to buy cigarettes which could help people who want to try to smoke at a younger age not want to when they get older and know more about the effects of it. So it is obvious that there are plenty of ways that we could stop the use of smoking, but people just have to be more motivated to stop this.