Honestly its surface and preventing it from entering the

Honestly speaking, never
have I ever came to a point where
I thought of asking myself what
would happen when lightning
strikes an airplane while on a
flight or a car while on the road.
It’s kinda unusual for me to ask
myself with such question without realizing that one day, I will be
making an FLA explaining the phenomena behind that situation. So what
actually happens when lightning hits an airplane? Here’s what I’ve got.
Since the outer skin of most airplanes is primarily aluminum,
which is a very good conductor of electricity; the secret to safe
lightning hits is to allow the current to flow through the skin from the
point of impact to some other point without interruption or diversion to
the interior of the aircraft. Initially, the lightning strike to an
extremity of an airplane such asthe nose or wing tip, travels
through the body of the plane, and
then exits through another
extremity. The current will travel
through the conductive exterior
skin and structures of the
aircraft and exit off some other
extremity, such as the tail. Most
aircraft skins consist primarily of
aluminum, which conducts
electricity very well. Since lightning carries a lot of charge and is
incredibly hot, many people assume that a plane would be instantly
engulfed in flames and crash. The plane’s metallic shell functions as a
Faraday cage, isolating the electrical charge on its surface and
preventing it from entering the interior of the aircraft. Now, how about when
lightning strikes a car? If lightning
strikes a car, the electricity passes
over the outside of it and through
the wires of the vehicle. A
magnetic field is created and the
electrical charge that was created
by the lightning strike is canceled
out by the magnetic field in
Faraday’s Cage. Cars behave just like Faraday’s Cage. If the car is
struck by lightning, its metal frame redirects the electrical current
around the sides of the car and into the ground without touching the
interior contents. The ability of a hollow conducting object to protect
its interior from electrical fields and currents is one of the
fundamental principles of electromagnetics. Such an object is called a
Faraday cage.It’s all because of a principle discovered by Michael Faraday in
1836. Faraday demonstrated
that an electrical charge
exists only on the exterior of
a hollow conductor and not
the interior. He built a wire
cage, which is now known as a
Faraday cage, to demonstrate
that an electrical current
flowing through the cage did
not produce an electrical current inside the cage. When you’re in a
vehicle, with a conductive exterior shell, you’re inside a Faraday cage
and the electrical charge is carried around you.
The previous explanation made mention about the Faraday’s cage.
But what is Faraday’s Cage by the way? A Faraday cage, sometimes referred to as a Faraday shield, is an enclosure formed by conductive
material or by a mesh of conductive material, which can block external
electrostatic and electromagnetic influences. When a tremendous
spark of electric current strikes the cage, it conducts electricity and
passes it onto the ground, leaving the inhabitant of the cage completely
unscathed by the powerful electric current. Whatever is inside a
Faraday cage is safe and sound because there is no electrical charge on
the inside of the cage. In principle, lightning striking a car or an
airplane is a perfect example of a mobile Faraday cage.