History has a lot of major events, both good and bad. These are important to today’s society and have an impact on how the world is shaped today. Through diaries, documentaries, videos, and letters of individuals who made huge impacts and suffered from the past gives today’s society a chance to be able to learn about great significant historical events that took place years ago. One of the major events was the holocaust a phrase that originates from the Greek holos whole kaustos, meaning burnt offering. A sacrifice completing conducted by fire.The holocaust which was known as the Shoah which was a genocide during the period of WW2 that involved Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany capturing and killing over six million European Jews. The holocaust had killed over 17 million individuals including black, homosexuals, Jehovah witnesses, Slavic groups and Soviet citizens. Although Jews were the main victims, the Nazi harassed many other groups. At least 200,000 mental or physically disabled citizens were killed in the euthanasia. Between 2 and 3 million Soviet prisoners were killed or died from starvation, diseases, disrespect or abuse. Nazi individuals targeted and persecuted homosexuals and anyone whose personality didn’t fit the ideal social norms or anyone who didn’t fit the characteristics that hitler thought everyone should look and act like. On January 30th,1933 Hitler had become appointed chancellor of Germany with a population of 566,000. Hitler was a politician and leader of the Nazi party. In the year that Hitler was appointed the chancellor, he had made many changes to the public that started a rage and one of the worst times in history. In 1933 many serious acts took place. Concentration camps had been opened in Munich, Buchenwald, Sachsenhausen, Auschwitz and Ravensbrück. The Gestapo had also been enforced which was the official secret police for Nazi Germany that would capture the jews and help transport them to camps.The Nazis Jewish shops and business were vandalized and destroyed, Jews were banned from owning land and any criminals, homeless, alcoholics and unemployed had to be sent to concentration camps. Although the main camps were called concentration camps, there were many other camps established including extermination camps, labor camps, prisoner of war camps and transit camps. One of the first concentrations camps had been opened in Dachau on March 20th, 1933 which was located in Southern Germany. The camp had been fenced in with barbed electrocution wire to keep prisoners from escaping. Most individuals living in the concentration camps consisted of the disabled, the homeless, and the mentally ill. After Kristallnacht; “The night of broken glass”, the police started to transport Jews to the camps. The atmosphere and environment of the concentration camps were awful and unbelievable. Prisoners and other individuals were forced to do hard physical labor work and given little to no food. The living and sleeping space was also little that nearly 60 jews were placed in one room. Many individuals had died from diseases such as typhus, pneumonia, starvation and infested with bugs like lice. Nazi doctors performed experiments on prisoners without their permission and against their own will. These procedures were inhumane and unlawful.One of the most known and prominent physicians was Josef Mengele. He had become the SS doctor for Auschwitz on May 30th, 1943. Many of the experiments held involved positioning substances in pressure chambers, testing drugs and alcohol on males, numbing them and also attempting to change the natural eye colour of children by inserting chemicals and needles into their eyes. Extermination camps were constructed to kill a large amount of people quickly and efficiently. Nazi’s told individuals to undress to be showered but rather they were put into gas chambers and burned alive. The first gas van was invented in the Soviet Union and used for Poltava in November 1964. Gas vans were established to create a faster and efficient way of killing numerous amounts of individuals. The gas van was a portablevan filled with gas to intoxicate individuals. The van had a air-tight chamber built in the back of the van for victims, which released fumes while the engine was running that would eventually kill them. The victims were intoxicated with carbon monoxide, causing death by monoxide inhalation and suffocation, this strategy had killed millions of people.Auschwitz was the largest concentration camp and extermination camp built. About 1.1 million people were killed in this one camp. When the individuals were brought to the camp the men, women, and children were split up and families had split and most never seen each other again. Children were often taken to the gas chamber due to the fact they were too young to perform any labor and had no use but sometimes before the children had died they would perform experiments on them. Males were in separate jails than women. Once the jews had arrived they were undressed,bath and had to have their hair cut off. Incoming individuals who were chosen for labor work were assigned a number which they would now be referred to as. Tattooing numbers on the arm of prisoners were essential for officers to identify the ones who have died and be able to keep track of how many individuals were in the camp. The tattooing started off by a specific metal stamp, conducted by needles that were one centimeter long which was used to imprint the tattoo on the individual. The tattoo placement was located on the prisoner’s chest. The ink was then scrubbed into the bleeding opened wound where the needle was placed. Eventually, a new way of tattooing was formed, a single-needle device was introduced, which drilled the outlines of the serial-number digits onto the skin. The placement of the tattoo was changed to the outer side of the left forearm. On the other hand prisoners from other transit camps had their numbers tattooed on the inside of their left upper forearms. Tattooing was usually performed during registration at the time they were given their number. This procedure was a painful and harmful attempt.On November 9th and 10th of 1938 was the night of broken glass. This was an event targeted against Jews throughout Nazi Germany ran by the SA Parliamentary Forces and German citizens. During this night, Jewish homes, hospitals, and schools were ransacked as the attackers demolished buildings with sledgehammers. Over 1,000 synagogues were burned and over 7,000 Jewish businesses were either destroyed or damaged. Participants had also drew jewish symbols on the buildings owned by the jews. More than 30,000 Jewish men were arrested and incarcerated or sent to training camps. This violent attack was one of the biggest outrages in American history. After WW2 had begun in 1939, the Nazis ordered all Jews to wear a yellow star attached and sewn to their clothing so it would be easier to recognize those who were Jews from who was not. Homosexuals were forced to wear a pink triangle on their clothing as well to make them a easier target. Jews also had to get their passport stamped with a J on the front. Hitler had established over 1,000 ghettos where millions of Jews were forced out of their homes and put into smaller dwellings where 2 or more families shared the area. Jews also had to hand over their valuables and any money they had owned. The major ghettos were Bia?ystok, ?ód?, and Warsaw. They were about 1-3 miles in size and over 445,000 Jews living in one ghetto. In the beginning, the ghettos were open, which meant they were allowed to leave during the day but had to back before curfew eventually the ghettos became closed and jews couldn’t leave under any circumstances. Nazis sent more than 1,000 jews to concentration camps by rail per day. The train rides were 1 day long and many died before even reaching the camp due to starvation and dehydration. In 1943 was the systematic plan to eliminate the rest of the ghettos. This was an act of Jewish resistance that occurred in the Warsaw Ghetto in German-occupied Poland during World War II. This act got in the way with the final decision to transport the remaining ghetto population to Treblinka. The incident, which became known as the Warsaw Ghetto Uprising, started on April 19 when the Jews refused to surrender to the police. SS Jürgen troop which caused jews to fight back, the police began burning the Ghetto, block after block, ending on May 16th. A total of 13,000 Jews died, about half of them burnt alive or suffocated. By the end of the uprising majority of Jews had been transported to concentration camps or been killed.The reasoning for the holocaust was that Hitler had a mass killing for what he had called the final solution, his decision to annihilate the Jews. Hitler had made a speech stating “he warned the jews that if they were to cause another world war ending, they would pay for their destruction”. Once Hitler became in power he regulated laws that went against an individual’s rights which we have today. He created the anti-semitic laws that discriminated jews. One of the biggest laws was that Jewish children could no longer go to school or had to be sent to a separate schools only for jews. He also banned Jews from restaurants, parks and swimming pools. Hitler conceived The Nazis to believe that Jews were a complication that needed to be eliminated from the world. The Nazis and Hitler had blamed Jews for many situations that they had no control over, for example losing WW1 but he also had ideas and perspectives on race. Hitler wanted to create this world where everyone was the same and must be of the master race. He wanted to create a world of blue eyed and blonde hair which he thought was the ideal “Aryan”. A few days after Hitler committed suicide on April 30th, 1945 due to the Russians coming to chancellery, Hitler had been told to escape but chose to kill himself as well as his wife using his shot pistol. The holocaust had ended on May 8th, 1945 and all the individuals who survived the holocaust were told to return home. Many individuals feared to return home due to the tragedy that they had faced, while many victims had lost their families and had committed suicide due to depression by the harsh impact and trauma. Although the majority of the holocaust was a horrifying tragedy, it also played a big role in shaping and developing the western world today. The event showed individuals on how significant racism and discrimination was back then. Even though it is less common these days, it is still something that we deal with. The major activist and political leaders who have stood up for individual rights and served their society to establish what we have become today. It’s important for people of today to learn and study any event that happened because we take a lot of rights, freedoms, and liberties for granted. History is a story waiting to be told and it gives the opportunity to learn about the past. Even though history may be in the past it doesn’t dismiss the fact that it’s still not relevant today. Racism still exists and genocides still occur. Learning about the past also helps to understand and analyze the present to guide modern society to not repeat the mistakes that have already been made and hopefully impact a brighter and better world.