Greek and Egyptians are both Ancient religious cultures; they both reflect on everything from life and death. They are detailed on their objects of being used and how they’ve been reflecting about their cultural values. Both Ancient Greek and Ancient Egypt have dealt with its designs, deaths, and religion.
The Greek Vases provided details about Athens and the diggings of ancient locations that shows facts about their natural landscapes of their land, as well as man-made structures, their functions, and their material contents. The materials of the vases were made to satisfy a purpose in their owner’s lives. Pottery enables researchers to locate ancient sites, recreate the nature of a location, and point to evidence of trade between groups of people. Greek religion was mostly presented in all areas of their lives with rituals including animal sacrifices. Gods were worshipped at sacred sites and temples in all major Greek communities. Ancient Egyptian pottery was originally made for functional reasons rather than for decorative purposes. The different forms of Egyptian pottery had a multitude of applications, in Egypt as in all ancient countries was the most common and most useful vase, and was made in all sizes, from the three-inch oil or perfume holder to the immense jar of three or four feet in height, for holding water, wine and oil. Other objects played a major part in ancient Egyptian were burials, the bodies were ready to be buried and others were grave goods which the deceased could use. Many objects found in tombs were large storage containers with grains and beer placed at the feet and the back of their bodies, the bodies were wrapped in reed mats and they wore jewelry while being buried.
The Ancient Greeks represent the deceased by preparing for burial rituals of the Ancient mythical that the necessity of a proper burial and refer to the burial rites as an insult to human dignity, vases were decorated with scenes showing the deceased mourning of relatives or people showing respect. The most extravagant funerary monuments were erected in the sixth century B.C. by noble families of Attica in private burial grounds along the roadside on the family estate or near Athens. The ancient culture and the burial was very important in many ancient cultures. Those who were not from a royal family were known to be buried under the family home or next to it so that the grave could be maintained frequently. If a person was not buried correctly it was said that they would’ve returned as a ghost and haunt the living and take the form of anything.
Mask played a main role in the ancient times but to the males; the males would wear them in religious ceremonies. It was a custom that the priest was among others to wear a mask when representing their gods. When a priest wore a mask on his head it should cover his shoulders. The masks were made from cartonnage and then painted as images of animal heads, they were known as heads of gods of ancient Egypt. Cartonnage had several layers of linen cloth to stiffened with gesso paint. The mask was also taller than the priest’s head, that made the priest forced himself to look through two small holes on the neck of his mask. Everything considering the religion was masked for them to be unknown. The priest who wore a mask of a deity during a ceremony would become an image of a god, a personification of God himself.
The masks were made beautifully, and some were decorated expensively such as being designed in gold for the most accomplished. They were made of solid gold, the immortal and known as flesh of gods that’s shining in the sun with stones used for their symbolic values. The Greek actors dressed in costumes and all wore masks expressing numerous emotions they wished to represent. Mask in the Greek world was an important part in the worship of Dionysus at Athens. The mask-makers were called skeuopoios, they were made from organic materials like linen, leather, wood, or cork, with the wig containing of human or animal hair. The visual limits forced by these masks, it was overbearing that the actors hear were to be positioned and they had to balance themselves. Thus, it is believed that the ears were covered by substantial amounts of hair and not the helmet-mask itself. The mouth opening was relatively small, preventing the mouth to be seen during performances. Greek mask-maker, Thanos Vovolis, suggests that the mask serves as a resonator for the head, thus enhancing vocal acoustics and altering its quality. This leads to increased energy and presence, allowing for the complete metamorphosis of the actor into his character. They enabled an actor to appear and reappear in several different roles, thus preventing the audience from identifying the actor to one specific character.
The ancient Greek has no evidence of any more mask; as they were made of organic materials and not considered permanent objects because they were delicate, they didn’t last long enough to still exist today. It is also said that over time the material was changed. The resources were just things they found around their land. It is also mentioned that the facial expressions and features of the mask were very exaggerating to fit the characters personality. Also, since all the actors were male, the masks allowed them to play as females and played as multiple characters.