For their rights however, the Canadian government is still

For decades, women
have been fighting to gain their rights that have been taken away by the other
gender. Tired of this inequality, activist movements have been happening
globally where women have been fighting to have their voice heard. The first
Women’s movement in Canada happened as early as 1867 up until 1960. 151 years
later, women in Canada became stronger and gained some of their rights however,
the Canadian government is still working hard on granting women their rights
and needs locally and internationally.

In hopes of
empowering women and contributing to gender equality, Canada has been working
on advancing sexual and reproductive health and rights (SRHR). It was noticed
that there is a directly proportional connection between SRHR and the economic empowerment
of women. As the rate of pregnancies decreased, the rate of women participating
in the workforce increased. When a women who is between the ages of 25-39 has a
child, the rate of labor participation decreases by 10%-15%. Adolescent
pregnancy has a negative effect on the economy and the girls’ lives as well. In
most cases, young girls who get pregnant drop out of school or college which
affects their education and their chances of receiving a well-paying job in the
future. On March 8, 2017, Minister Bibeau announced $650M to SRHR to aid in
improving gender equality and the empowerment of women. This money will be
going to help provide comprehensive sex-Ed, improving reproductive health
services and investing in family planning and contraceptives.

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For a future
outlook, Canada has announced that it will be joining the Family Planning 2020
commitment which will enable 120 million or more women and girls to use
contraceptives by 2020 no matter where they live. This initiative’s goal is to make
sure that women globally have access to sexual and reproductive health services
and rights by 2030.

Canada not only
has been sending funds locally to improve SRHR, but also internationally. Canada
funded the UNFPA with $6.5M in between 2016-2018 to help the provision of
sexual health and family planning services and host communities in Jordan and
providing women with complete sexual and reproductive care on the Jordan-Syria
border. Canada also donated $20M to fund the “Family Health Houses” project for
Afghanistan (2017-2022). $10M for the “Reproductive health and support for
survivors of violence” in Iraq (2016-2018) and many more funds internationally
to improve sexual and reproductive health rights.

It is a women’s
body and it is her choice to make on the decision of what to do and no one
else’s. Therefore, all her sexual and reproductive health rights must be given
to her.


Intimate Partner Mental, Physical, and Sexual Violence Against

As part of
gender stereotypes, females have always been seen as the weaker, more
vulnerable gender. Even though there are different cultures, languages and
traditions in the world, Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is commonly found
everywhere. IPV can be mental, physical and sexual. It is believed that one of
the root causes of IPV is gender inequality, where men tend to act more
powerful against women. Although, it is scientifically proven that males have a
stronger physique that does not give them the right to harass and take
advantage of women. Some undergo violence at a younger age which they replicate
as they get older.  Any acts of IPV are
classified under acts of violence and they are against Canada’s Criminal Code.

Partner Violence occurs between spouses whom are married or are in a
relationship. According to Statistics by Canada (StatCan), for every four
violent crimes reported, one is an IPV crime and % 6.4 of Canadian women (about
601,000 approximately) are currently in or have been in relationship where they
experienced violence (conducted in 2009). When an IPV incident is reported, the
Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) are sent to calm the situation down,
protect the victims, and investigate the situation. If evidence was found, the offender
can be arrested and taken into custody by the police. However, if no evidence
was found or was strong enough to support the case, the police cannot arrest
the offender. If the victim was still in fear, they can file a restraining
order to keep the offender away from them. If the abuse was too much or
affected person strongly, they may get health problems or even suffer from
post-traumatic disorder (PTSD).

The Family
Violence Initiative has been around since 1988. This initiative brings together
15 partner departments and agencies to stop and respond to family violence. The
Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada (INAC) has a program called the Family
Violence Prevention Program (FVPP) which provides funds that help First Nations
to provide access to family violence shelters and stop violence against women
and children. The Woman’s Program is a program that funds projects that aim to
solve women related problems. When looking at projects, Women’s Program looks
at projects that aim to end violence against women and girls, improving women’s’
and girls’ economic statuses and aims for their stability, and most
importantly, projects that encourage women and girls to work for powerful
leading roles and having high ranks. Even though it is an international campaign,
the White Ribbon Campaign has helped raise awareness between Canadian men and
boys about violence against women.

On October 30th
of 2014, the government of Canada’s House of Commons Standing Committee on the
Status of Women agreed to conduct a study on ways to prevent violence against
women and girls in Canada. The study will focus on improving education
programs, social programs, and policies that prevent and raise awareness
towards violence against women.

committing violence against their intimate partners must be punished and
awareness regarding this topic needs to be raised. It is sad that such violence
comes from a person who should’ve been there for protection, but instead was
the cause of danger.