Effects of WWII on the German People BY: ABBY

Effects of WWII on the German People BY: ABBY TURNER, SHAIANN HUNTER, CARLY STEWART, RHIANNON CHRISTMASSocial Effects on Germany After WWIIThe way women were seen in society completely changed during and after WWIIDuring WWII, women were replacing jobs of men who were called in to fightThey also made contributions to the war effortBecause of the women replacing jobs of the men when they went to war, they were accepted into work factories and in other places of work in 1943Men saw how well the women were able to help and contribute to the war efforts while the men were gone fighting, so the women were able to keep their jobs and were still accepted into factories and other workplaces after the warFamily structure was completely destroyed during and after WWII, as wellThe parents were constantly separated from their childrenThe father usually went to war while the mother usually took the job of the father while he was goneEconomic Effects on Germany After WWIIAccording to Sandeep Kumar’s slideshare, seven million forced labors were left for their own land14 million Germans came from the east having to live in dismal camps for yearsMany infrastructure projects were happening during the German occupationBecause of this, quantities of food for Germans was larger than beforeGermany then became a primary importer of manufactured goodsThe graph to the right shows the unemployment rate in Germany starting in 1949 (4 years after the war has ended)As one can see, Germany started off with lots of unemployment after the war, but as years went on, the unemployment rate became smaller and smallerFood ShortagesMany of the German people were forced to give up their land for no compensation, and move to new lands causing them to lose most of their animals, forcing them to find new sources of food with little to no money.This had a negative effect on everyone because it lead to multiple food shortages.Even in societies that were prospering at the time, starvation started to increase, along with unemployment, and debt.Due to the very scarce amount of food, there were often rations on food, and the prices of meat, and vegetables nearly doubled.In combination of being forced out of their homes, losing their jobs, and not being able to afford food, many of the middle class citizens were forced into becoming homeless, and living on the streets.Although there were many farmers that were forced to give up their land, some stores still had meats, and vegetables available from trade. This lead to riots, and fights because of the high prices.Health OutcomesAside from the bombing effecting their physical health, the German people also suffered great damage to their mental health because of the war.During the war, most of the families were separated for a long time because of this, many of the children lost their parents, or their siblings.Depending on where they lived, they had to experience the horrors of the war, this caused many people to become depressed and live the rest of their lives with the traumatic memoriesMany young children who had been exposed to the war refused to talk, and were also deprived of their education since most of the schools had been closed causing them to struggle with reading, writing, verbal communication, and simple math.It has been estimated that in 1939 there were about 2 billion people in the world, and the war killed 3% of the world’s population which was anywhere from 62-78 million people leaving many families to grief the loss of multiple family members.Often times, people couldn’t deal with the struggles of being poor, or homeless, or the war itself resulting in multiple suicides and increased drinking problems among many more people.Effects of BombingCivilians During WWII were tragically effected by allied bombing in Western Europe.About 410,000 German people were killed, with 49,000 people in Hamburg, 35,00 in Berlin, and 20,000 people in Presden.Small towns never felt completely safe. People who were not supposed to be attacked were hit, and many more became homeless when their homes were destroyed. Their valuable things were lost or also destroyed.Western Germany alone had around 5 million civilians were still living in evacuation lodging by the end of the war.Other significant effects of the bombing were industrial production and environmental life.RationingThe Rationing Program was set forth in 1942. It meant that people had to give up material goods.In 1939, Britain only grew enough food to feed one in every third person. Important supplies were vulnerable to U-Boat attacks.Food was very scarce during the war. The government starting rationing food, gas, and even clothing at that time. Coupon books allowed members to buy a specific amount of goods.A serious effect of rationing was the Black Market. A gap in the market led to people buying higher priced items on the sly.Rationing resulted in a decline of health problems such as diabetes and heart disease. Poor people were healthier, and although there was less, it was spread equally.Political EffectsEnabling ActThe Enabling Act was passed on March 23, 1933Hitler had been appointed chancellor on January 30, 1933Hitler didn’t have interest in the political part, he just wanted the personal powerHe started ruling with strict, rigid Nazi regimeHe controlled society with harsh consequencesHe invaded weather neighborhoods, eventuallyworking way to bigger powerLong term political effectsBerlin WallThe Berlin Wall was a guarded concrete barrier and was a significant symbol of division of Germany from 1961 until 1989The berlin wall highlighted the lack of freedom under communism for the Eastern side. It symbolized the cold war and divide between the communist Soviet bloc and the western democratic, capitalist blocBibliographyPrezi by Karen Reyes titled Social and economic effects of WWII on civilians in Germany http://www.prezq5craton/social-and-economic-effects-on-wwii-civilians-in-germanySmith, James. PMC. NCBI. January 8, 2013. www.nbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/pmc4025972 January 8, 2018.Rishel, Joseph. United States History. World War II Rationing. June 9,2015. http://www.u-s-history.com/pages/h1674.html January 11, 2018.German Historical Institute Conference by Jonas Scherner https://www.ghi-dc.org/events-conferences/event-history/2009/conferences/economic-effects-wwii.html?L=0