Disease condition name: Agoraphobia
Also Known As:
Pronounced As: ag-er-uh-foh-bee-uh/?h?p ??ta? t?s/
One Line Description: It’s is an anxiety disorder that causes intense fear of
places a person can’t escape e.g.
Thought to be caused by anxiety triggering factors and patients’
genetics. It often runs in families.
Fear of open
spaces, fear of crowded places, distress when enduring a certain situation,
fear of traveling
Sample Value example
1% of the
from medical professional advised.
Lab test or Imaging required
doesn’t require lab test or imaging.
it takes to cure
several years or be lifelong.
it spread & how
not known to
common for ages 18-35.
it be fatal/deadly (prognosis)
to be life threatening
history may increase likelihood
it need emergency attention
medical attention recommended.
Other fact 1-
Other fact 2-
is thought to be a complication of panic disorder.
It begins mostly
in young adults from age 20. Prevalence in women is twice as in men
The syndrome commonly
occurs together with social and generalized anxiety disorders.
of phobia in agoraphobia usually lasts for more than 6 months and include
Extreme fear of open spaces
Excessive fear of crowded places
The patient becomes distressed
when enduring a certain event
Panic attack symptoms such as
dizziness, dyspnea, sweating, chest pain, palpitations
Agoraphobia is thought to be a culmination
of anxiety-provoking events from the
environment and genetic factors.
Agoraphobia often runs through families.
How it doesn’t
Differential diagnosis is done
to rule out other anxiety disorders e.g.
ruling out symptoms due to medicine or other drugs.
Diagnosis mainly involve:
Examination by a psychiatrist
is the most common
Physical examination to
rule out other conditions that may cause similar symptoms
aims at desensitizing the excessive phobia. Psychological therapy is one of
the most effective
Antidepressants e.g. fluoxetine
Anti-anxiety drugs e.g. diazepam
II. Surgery / Medical Procedures
Enroll in self-help programs
Avoid alcohol and caffeine beverages
psychiatrist helps the patient to gain the ability to tolerate anxiety
There’s no sure way of preventing
agoraphobia. However early treatment may prevent progression of the disease.
Food to eat &
Foods to eat
Foods rich in
omega-3- fatty acids e.g. salmon fish
Vitamin B rich
foods e.g. legumes and oranges reduce
Foods to avoid
Products containing caffeine e.g. tea and coffee
Alcohol worsens anxiety
Processed and refined foods e.g. bacon, hot dogs
Specialist that one should meet if they have this condition:
Specializes in mental disorders and is involved in diagnosis and
treatment of agoraphobia.
Depression occurs in long term
agoraphobia that isn’t managed
Questions to ask your Doctor
long is the treatment duration?
I need to see a specialist?
are the complications of agoraphobia?
dietary changes can I make to reduce symptoms?