DeVine 1Lela DeVineMr. RobertsEnglish/ Language Arts29 December 2017Literary Analysis On The Adventures Of Tom Sawyer by Mark TwainThe Adventures Of Tom Sawyer written by Mark Twain speaks of an adventure that includes many different components and has an interesting writing style that pulls the story together and makes it a beautiful piece of American Literature.At the beginning of this story, he is ordered by Aunt Polly, with whom he lives, to whitewash their fence. When his friends see him painting the fence, Tom pretends that he loves the chore to make his friends jealous. They beg him to let them help. This is an example of the type of trouble Tom Sawyer is getting in to all of the time. Part of the novel is devoted to Tom’s romance with Becky Thatcher, the new girl in town. They like each other, but when she finds out that Tom liked someone else before her, Becky is hurt. The two soon make up and become friends again. Again. Tom is always getting into trouble with his friend, Huckleberry Finn. They sneak out to a graveyard at night, and that is where they witness Injun Joe murder Dr. Robinson. After they return back to the town, Tom testifies against Injun Joe in court. Injun Joe runs away, and Tom is terrified for his life. His terror and fear of Injun Joe does not stop him from making trouble, though. While Tom and Huck are hunting for treasure one night, they discover that the murderer Injun Joe (who is disguised as a deaf/mute Spaniard), has some type DeVine 2treasure of his own to bury. Later on in the story, Huck figures out that Injun Joe is planning to hurt Widow Douglas. He reports the crime, and Injun Joe runs away to McDougal’s Cave. Meanwhile, Tom and Becky are lost for several days in the cave, and they soon stumble across Injun Joe and hide from him. Tom finds a way to get out of the cave with Becky. Upon returning to the town, he tells Judge Thatcher about Injun Joe being inside, and it is decided that he should be sealed in the cave. When Tom later returns to the cave, he discovers Injun Joe’s starved corpse. After all of this, Tom and Huck discover where Injun Joe hid his gold. The story ends with Widow Douglas adopting Huck, who is unhappy about this entire situation. Tom convinces him to give it a try, promising that it won’t stop them from getting up to the occasional mischief.The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is set in the town of St. Petersburg, Missouri, some time around the middle of the nineteenth century. St. Petersburg is small, but it is got everything a boy such as Tom Sawyer would want: lush forests, a wide river, an island perfect for playing pirates, and caves perfect for getting lost in. This town has what many would call standard issue small-town components, that can be seen in other similar narratives: a church, a courthouse, a schoolhouse, etc., but it’s got a spooky side too, complete with an eerie graveyard, a “Temperance tavern” selling bootleg liquor, and a haunted house. DeVine 3This story is narrated in third person, omniscient. Twain begins the story by giving us a look into Tom’s thoughts. Shown at the end of the whitewashing scene in chapter 2, “He had had a nice, good, idle time all the while – plenty of company – and the fence had three coats of whitewash on it! If he hadn’t run out of whitewash he would have bankrupted every boy in the village. Tom said to himself that it was not such a hollow world, after all. He had discovered a great law of human action, without knowing it – namely, that in order to make a man or a boy covet a thing, it is only necessary to make the thing difficult to attain.” In this case, Twain’s words have a boyish energy to them, and as a narrator, he cannot only see what his characters are seeing and thinking, but he is able to show and enhance their personalities. “From there, Twain extrapolates, deriving a grand and humorous “law of human action” from Tom’s thoughts and actions.” (Shmoop)Although The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is by no means an autobiography, Twain sounds like he is writing from life experience. It is almost as if he is looking back at his childhood, and forming a narrative out of his memories. Memories of his youth in Missouri, of childish behavior and juvenile fantasies; these are Twain’s raw materials. He writes with a humorous tone that helps shape Tom and his friends in a way that only someone who has experienced events like the ones that occured in the story could have written about. DeVine 4Twain has a flexible writing style, for he can suit his words quite easily to the situation, whether he is describing the thoughts of Tom or explaining some mischievous and adventurous subject. Twain adds rhythm of the speech by using contractions and mid-western/ southern slang to give life to the characters’ speech. Small touches, like the “we’d ‘a'” and “dog’d” go a long way toward making them sound like real boys. Even bracketed pauses that are included in some sections of dialogue that is present speaks volumes. Without suitable dialogue, all of Twain’s observations and remarks would be acceptable, but not quite right, for it would be as if something was missing and doesn’t’ suit the time period that this story occured in.There are many stereotypical components present in this story, what one would now think as a trope. For example, treasure: a big box of gold coins that is hidden in a “haunted house”, which is then brought to a cave and hidden again right under a cross (Also known as an X). In The Adventures of Tom Sawyer, X does indeed mark the spot. This is something that reoccurs in many different pirate/robber criminal/adventure stories today. In conclusion, The Adventures of Tom Sawyer is an interesting story that covers the topic of “period fiction” that is set in the middle of the nineteenth century that has a very interesting writing style and contains many structural components that differ it from other stories alike.