Classical For them international politics is an arena of


Classical realism is a theory of international relations
that was developed after world war 2 period that seeks to define international
politics as a result of human nature. As there
are many methods to realism. However, this post will be focusing on classical
realism. Thinkers such as Thucydides, Hans Morgenthau, Machiavelli and Hobbes who are indeed classical realists who
share the view of power politics. For them international politics is an arena
of rivalry, conflict and war between states. Theorist Hans Morgenthau discussed
that politics is a “never-ending struggle for power” (Cozette 2008, p. 668) and
considered that war was “rooted in human nature” (Donnelly 2013, p. 33). The cold
war which was caused by the rise
of Soviet power and the fear this caused in the west is an example of classical
realism. The cold war which was
between two nations the United States and
the Soviet Union who fought together at
the start as allies against the Axis powers (cold war history, 2018), however,
the relationship between the
two nations was a tense one when they both started feeling the need to protect their
own national interests and security as they feared that one of the
two countries would try to establish dominance over the other with nuclear
force. Even though the US and
USSR never actually went to war, realists believe that conflict was
unavoidable. Thus,
both nations knew that their interests were to grow their armaments and be
strong in the face of real or potential conflict, to essentially avoid it
(Steans et al. 2013, p. 54). As classical Realism views human nature as
self-seeking, conflictual and competitive and consider that states are
inherently violent, thus realists view the Cold War as a show of power politics,
where each nation was disturbed about their security and imposing threats,
organisation of society in the realm of anarchy and a competition of tactical
influences and nuclear dominance (Bisley 2007, p. 282).