Child Protection, Permanency Planning and Children’s Right to Family Life written by Patrick Parkinson is about reform processes (in law) based on two contradictory approaches to protect children rights. The approaches are a side of the family with birth and alternative way called the adopted family to protect children. The article claims there is a conflict between parents rights and children rights. The writer thinks reform should be made by considering two parties. However, the writer says ” Children’s interests are placed in contradistinction to the interests of parents”. (Parkinson, 2003: page 148). In other words, the writer supports children rights instead of parents rights. This means the children can be adopted when they are not safe in their family. Firstly, It is impressive this issue is observed through its historical process. The laws militated in favor of parents in terms of adoption until the 1980s. However, the laws were changed because of child abuse. At the beginning, ”Section 33(3) of the Children Act 1989 provides that when a care order is in force with respect to a child, the local authority shall have parental responsibility for him or her, but may determine the extent to which a parent or guardian of the child may meet his or her parental responsibility for the child. This power to limit the parent’s responsibility may only be exercised if it is necessary to do so in order to safeguard or promote the child’s’ welfare”. (Parkinson, 2003: page 149). I learned the state could take the child to help when specific issues like child abuse. The idea is developed by local and international law. For example, the idea has been given expression in the ASFA passed by the US Congress in 1997. In Britain, the Adoption and Children Act 2002 makes changes to adoption law to facilitate a substantial proposed increase in the numbers of children adopted out-of-care”. ( Parkinson, 2003: page 148) Secondly, the article shows the laws in different countries such as United State, British or Australia. We can see adoption about laws changed in the world. This brings us broader horizon to observe the system of lawTo conclude, children can see domestic violence, abuse or lacking parents care. Therefore, the states have to make laws and use alternative ways to protect the children. Adoption may be the good alternative. The children have to have a happy and healthy childhood, so they can give a more comfortable family. Thus, there are healthier and well generations in the society. As a result, the laws about protection of children rights are so important that social order can continue.
Parkinson, Patrick (2003) . Child Protection, Permanency Planning and Children’s Right to Family. Life, International Journal of Law, Policy and the Family, Volume 17,Issue 2, 1 August 2003, Pages 147-172