Acetone, also known as propanone, is a colorless,
clear, low-boiling, flammable and volatile liquid with a chemical formula
(CH3)2CO. This organic compound is miscible with water and acts as an essential
solvent most organic compound, especially for cleaning purpose in the
laboratory. As a natural product of our body’s metabolism, it has low toxicity
and does not cause environmental effects. It readily mixes with most organic
solvents and mixes completely with water. Acetone is capable of dissolving
plastic glasses frames, jewelry, pens and pencils, rayon stockings and other
rayon garments. Acetone can polymerize rapidly due to heating and under the
influence of air, light and on contact with a catalyst, strong oxidizers and
metals such as copper and aluminum, with fire or explosion hazard.
Acetone is obtained
directly or indirectly from propene. Now the cumene process is the most common
method and produce around 83% of acetone. The reaction is to alkylate benzene with
propene and the resulting cumene is oxidized to give acetone and phenol.
Besides that, Acetone can also be obtained by the direct oxidation of propene
with Pd/Cu catalysts.
Acetone is an important solvent for most synthetic fibers
and plastics. It is used primarily in the production of commercial products
such as acrylic plastics, which are used for glazing, signs, lighting fixtures
It is used as an essential volatile component of some
paints and varnishes. In the paint industry, it is used to prepare metal prior
to painting. Moreover, it can be used for thinning fiberglass resin, paint,
vinyl, adhesives and varnishes.
It is commonly used in nail polish remover and in
chemical peels. It is also used by makeup artists to remove skin glue on wigs
and fake mustaches.
Acetone is used to produce many important chemicals. Some
of these include methyl methacrylate (MMA), bisphenol-A (BPA) and methacrylic
acid. The uses of MMA and BPA includes the production of many plastics, acrylic
products, sealants, lacquers and epoxies.
Acetone is used to thin polyester resin and to dissolve
epoxies and glue before and after it sets. It is also used as a carrier in many
pharmaceuticals. In the laboratory, Acetone has very important applications as
a solvent in many chemical experiments and as an equipment cleaner. In
addition, Acetone is applied for safely storing rubber cement and some