Born her reign Ptolemy’s advisors and her brother himself

Born in Alexandria, Egypt in 69 B.C, daughter of Ptolemy XII. Cleopatra VII Thea Philopator, known as Cleopatra, was the last of the Macedonian Greek Dynasty that ruled Egypt from the time of Alexander The Great’s death in 323 B.C to about 30 B.C. Cleopatra was a member of the Ptolemaic Dynasty. The Ptolemaic Dynasty was a Greek family of the Macedonian Origin that ruled Egypt after Alexander the Great’s death during the Hellenistic period. Cleopatra’s mother was believed to be Cleopatra V of Egypt. Her brother was Ptolemy XIII and her father was Ptolemy XII, who was ruler before Cleopatra came to power. Cleopatra ruled for 21 years.                She came to power in 51 B.C  after her father, Ptolemy XII died. The throne went to whoever the ruler wished. Ptolemy XII wished for Cleopatra and her brother Ptolemy XIII to rule Egypt. Following what the ex-ruler Ptolemy XII had wished, Cleopatra and her brother came to power in 51 B.C. Since the two siblings came to power, it was believed that they married since it was a common Egyptian thing to do when you come to power. Even though the siblings were married, no affection was shown between them.   During her reign Ptolemy’s advisors and her brother himself acted against her in 49 B.C, where she was forced to flee Egypt for Syria. In Syria she raised an army of mercenaries and she returned the next year to Egypt to face her brothers forces at Pelusium on Egypt’s western border. While forming her army, Cleopatra’s brother welcomed Julius Caesar to Alexandria. Cleopatra sought Caesars support and reportedly smuggled herself into the royal palace to plead her case with him. Four months later Ptolemy was forced to flee Alexandria and was believed to have drowned in the Nile River. Caesar then restored power to Cleopatra and her younger brother Ptolemy XIV, who was 13 years old at the time. Around 47 B.C she gave birth to a son, Ptolemy Caesar, he was believed to be Caesar’s son, known to the people as Caesarion or Little Caesar. In March of 44 B.C Caesar was murdered. Then Cleopatra went back to Egypt, Ptolemy XIV died soon after.  Later on in 42 B.C Mark Antony summoned Cleopatra to the city of Tarsus, south of modern Turkey, to explain what happened after Caesar’s death. When Cleopatra arrived Mark Antony was seduced by her charms. He agreed to protect Egypt and Cleopatra’s crown. Antony fell into a love affair with Cleopatra that would eventually produce three children. In 34 B.C Cleopatra and Antony returned to Alexandria with a triumphant flair. The crowd was coming in and out of the gymnasium to see the new couple and their children.  In 31 B.C Cleopatra and Antony combined armies to try and defeat Octavian in a sea battle at Actium on Greece’s western coast, but the clash proved to be a costly defeat for the Egyptians, forcing Antony and Cleopatra to flee back to Egypt. Antony soon returned to the battle field, where he was falsely informed that Cleopatra had died. After hearing the news he committed suicide by stabbing himself. Cleopatra followed her lovers demise by ending her life as well by being bitten by an Egyptian Cobra. She died on August 12, 30 B.C. Antony and Cleopatra were buried together as they had wished. Later on Egypt became a province of the Roman Empire. In the end Cleopatra was a talented and amazing woman who could be ruthless when she wanted to. She ruled for 21 years and had four kids. Cleopatra was the only one in her family to learn the Egyptian language and she also knew half a dozen other languages. Even though she had many abilities and put a lot of effort into her work she failed and her life was more sad than glamorous. Thank You. 

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