Berkowitz’s et al. found that children’s TV-violence viewing between

Berkowitz’s
Aggressive-Cue Theory states that a stimulus does not directly produce aggressive behaviour but that it actually prepares you
for aggressive action. A combination of aggressive cues and environmental
stimuli would have to be present as well as something that triggers the
response. The additional condition is what sets off the aggressive response but
it is not the only factor that is responsible for the outcome of the external
aggression. This theory proves that violence in television prepares children
for aggression.

A study carried out by Lefkowitz, Eron,
Walder, and Huesmann (1977), on a ten-year follow- up of girls and boys in the
third grade, found that one of the single best predictors at age nine of
whether a boy will be aggressive ten years later is the amount of violent
television programming he watched. Belson (1978) looked at a group of boys in
London between the ages of 12 and 17. His evidence suggests that watching
aggressive television is associated with aggressive behavior (Singer &
Singer, 1981). According to Bushman and Huesmann (2001), one of the reasons why
the effects of television violence may be so powerful is that aggression and
television violence feed off each other. This reciprocal relationship between
television violence and aggression can create a vicious

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cycle. It is the struggle of hero versus
the shadow that is pervasive in children’s programs. This reflects children’s
own struggle to form their own identities (Kolter & Calvert, 2003). The
children most at risk of forming aggressive behavior when they become young
adults are those who watch a steady amount of television violence, perceive it
as realistic, and identify with the aggressor (Bushman & Huesmann, 2001).
The combination of extensive exposure to violence and identification with
aggressive characters was a particularly potent predictor of subsequent

aggression for many children (Huesmann et
al., 2003). In a 15-year longitudinal study of 329 youth, Huesmann et al. found
that children’s TV-violence viewing between the ages of six and nine,
children’s identification with aggressive same-sex TV characters, and
children’s perceptions that TV violence is realistic, were significantly
correlated with their adult aggression. Childhood TV habits were not just
correlated with aggression but also predicted increases or decreases in
aggressive behavior. They used a longitudinal structural modeling analysis of

the directionality of the effects, which
suggested that it is more plausible that exposure to TV violence increases
aggression than that aggression increases TV-violence viewing. therefore, this
explains the truth of the theory in explaining real life situation