As stated by CECIMO (1), Sustainable Manufacturing is when engineers use or create processes that are economical for the environment whilst not producing any hazards that can affect the surrounding environment as well as the employees/employers. Manufacturing is a process that has an environmental impact as we use raw materials such as metals that must use a lot of energy to be produced and shaped. The raw materials produces emissions that affect the environment and demonstrates that there is only a finite amount of material that can be used and eventually all of that material could be used up. Another problem is that producing other materials such as polymers involves linking hydrocarbons which ends up producing harmful emissions into the atmosphere therefore continuing to produce polymers could have potential harmful impacts on the environment as the toxic fumes can affect the wildlife, vegetation and water supplies. Overall engineers are currently trying to figure out methods that are capable of being sustainable so that way we don’t harm the environment, produce large amounts of carbon emissions, and use up all of our raw materials, .
Standards have now even put in place such as the British Standard 8887-220:2010 (15) (Design for Manufacture, Assembly, Disassembly, and End of Life Processing (MADE)) that is designed to show how to be as efficient as possible during design to its end of life whilst being sustainable. This is capable of ensuring engineers can produce a product whilst being able to remain cautious of the environmental hazards that could potentially occur.
Throughout this report, I will use case studies to analyse the effect of sustainable manufacture including its advantages /limitations and produce an evaluation with the use of appropriate standards such as BS 8887-220:2010 (which was previously mentioned), ASTM E2987/E2987M – 16 (Standard Terminology for Sustainable Manufacturing), and ASTM E2986 – 15 (Standard Guide for Evaluation Aspects of Sustainability of Manufacturing Processes). Furthermore I need to identify the key factors of the case studies and justify why they are appropriate, thus making me able to make a conclusion on what are the key factors that define sustainable manufacture. Finally I will talk about possible future methods that could potentially change how we create new products, as well as how they run efficiently.