Answer stay negative? Abstinence [ ], Being faithful to

Answer
yes or no to questions below

19. How can an HIV positive person avoid
infecting others?

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Using condoms with sexual partner(s)   , avoid sharing razor blades/ other sharp
objects with other people    , Adhering to ARV treatment    ,
Being prayerful     Taking herbs   

20. How can a HIV negative person stay
negative?

Abstinence  
 , Being faithful to one HIV
negative partner    , using condoms    ,
Rituals   , prayers    avoid sharing of razors, syringes and other
sharp objects with others    , other   

21. Do you know what condoms are and how
they are used?

Yes, I know condoms and how they are used   ,

no I don’t know what condoms are    , yes
I know condoms but don’t know how they’re used    

22. Do you know where to go for HIV testing?

Yes  
  No   

23. Where would you go to be tested for HIV?

Pharmacy  
 , primary health center   , general hospital    , NewStart
HIV Counseling and Testing centers    

 

Section
4: Attitude towards ANC, HIV/AIDS and PMTCT services

24. What do you think about ANC services?

Do you think it has: High benefits     , medium benefits    , low benefits    ,

no benefit   

25. In your community when people think they
might have HIV what do they do?

Leave the community    , refuse to divulge information    , seek treatment at hospital    ,
seek treatment from traditional healers   

26. Have you heard of anyone that has been
sick as a result of HIV/ AIDS?

Yes   , No  
 

27. What happened to that person?

Healthy  
 , Very sick   , Became very sick and died    ,
Don’t know    

28. Would you like to know your HIV status?

Yes  
 , No   

29. Are you willing to be tested for HIV?

Yes   , No  
 

30. Are you interested in accessing care
when you are pregnant?

Yes  
 , No   

 

Section
5: Practice with regards HIV/AIDS, ANC and PMTCT

 

31. Where do you go when you are sick?

Clinic/ hospital   , Pharmacy  
 , traditional healers   , stay home   

others  
  specify………………

32. When you are pregnant do you seek
ante-natal care?

Yes   
 , No    

33. If yes, where do you go to seek care in
pregnancy?

Health facility  , chemist   , traditional healers    , Traditional Birth Attendants

    ,
other     specify…………………

34. How many times did you attended ANC in
your last pregnancy?

specify no. of
times…………………………………..

 

If the participant answered no to number
32 

35. Why don’t you seek for care when you are
pregnant?

Not aware   , don’t know where to get ANC     ,
long distance to clinic    ,

absence of services    , Attitude of health workers     ,
prefer home birth     ,

don’t see the need , Husband will not
permit ,

other    specify…………………………………………………

36. Where do you go to deliver your baby?

Health facility , Traditional Birth
attendant  , Home  ,

other  
  specify…………………….

37. If answer to no. 36 is at home, ask why
do you deliver at home?

Tradition/custom    ,
hospital too far    , husband will not permit    ,
cant afford to pay user fees , don’t see need  , ease of delivery ,

other  
  specify…………………………..

38. Have you ever been tested for HIV? Yes
No

 

 

 

 

Appendix 2:    Questionnaire
For TBAs, Questionnaire to be administered to                            Traditional
Birth Attendants (TBAs)

 

TBA Participant Number
………………………………………………………

Do you consent to participate in this study?
Yes No

Location: Village: ……………………………………………………

Town/ Village …………………………………………….

Type of service: mobile    facility based   

 

1. For how long have you been working as
TBA? ………………

2. What is your role as TBA in your
community?

Taking deliveries    , cutting umbilical cord and cleaning baby
   , taking delivery and cutting cord/
cleaning baby   

3. What is the average number of deliveries
you have per month?…………………………….. 4. Do you keep records
of clients, deliveries made and the outcomes?

Yes   
, No   

5. If records are kept, how is it
documented? ……………………….

6. Do you offer Antenatal services?

Yes   
, No   

7. What is your educational background?

None   
,  Primary    , Secondary    , Tertiary   

8. Have you had any training in pregnancy
monitoring?

Yes   
, No   

9. If Yes to no. 6, specify nature of
training and qualification obtained. ……………………………………………………………………………………

10. Have you had any training in safe
delivery practices?

Yes   
, No   

11. If yes to no. 6, specify nature of
training and qualification obtained ………………………………………………………………………………

12. Have you had any training in post natal
care?

Yes  
 , No    

13. If yes to no. 10 specify nature of
training and qualification obtained
………………………………………………………………………….

14. Have you had any training on HIV/ AIDS
with respect to knowledge and prevention practices, including PMTCT?

Yes  , No  
 

15. If yes to no. 12, specify nature of
training and qualification. ………………………………………………………………………………………

16. Do you refer clients with complications?
Yes    , No    

17. Where do you refer your clients that
have complications? …………………………………………………………………………………

18. Do you ask your clients if they know
their HIV status at booking?

Yes  
 , No    

19. Do you recommend they do HIV test?

Yes  
 , No    

20. What do you know about HIV/ AIDS? (Tick
all that apply)

HIV can be transmitted from one person to
another     

HIV cannot be transmitted from one person to
another     

HIV can develop to AIDS   

HIV kills   
 

21. How is HIV/AIDS transmitted? It is
transmitted through:(tick all that apply);

Sex with infected person  ,

using the traditional razor blade for
shaving, circumcision     ,

Mosquito bites    ,
contact with infected person   ,
breathing contaminated

Air    drinking contaminated water    , Contact with infected blood     ,

Supernatural , Refused to answer ,
don’t know ,

other specify…………………………………………

22. How can you prevent transmission of HIV
in your practice?

Wearing gloves during delivery    ,

Using new razor blades to cut cords/ not
sharing blades     ,

Cleaning and disinfecting delivery area with
bleach     ,

Washing razor with salt water    ,

Washing delivery material and area with
detergent    

23. Can HIV be transmitted from mother- to-
child?

Yes    , No   
 , I do not know     

24. How can HIV be transmitted from mother
to child?

During pregnancy    ,

during delivery   , breast feeding     ,
supernatural     , I don’t know     ,

other     specify…………………………………………………

25. How can mother- to- child transmission
be prevented?

Utilizing prevention of mother-to-child
services     ,

taking medicinal herbs   , prayers   , Traditional healers     ,

other   
  specify ………………………………………………..

26. How do you take deliveries? Bare hands     ,
Gloves only     ,

Gloves and gown     

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

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